Feasibility Study

Project NameEnvironmental History of Nomads and Farmers in Central Asia
Abbreviated TitleC.A. Project
Project LeaderUNO Takao
Research AxisEcohistory Program
Key Wordsenvironment, history, nomad, farmer, Central Asia, agriculture, irrigation


○Research Subject and Objectives

Our research objective is investigating interactions between human activities and environment in Central Asia since beginning of nomadism and agriculture until modern times. Our final objective is establishing guideline for harmonic progress in this reasion.

○Progress and Results in 2009

We practiced following researches around Dabusya tepa in Zeravshan valley, Uzbekistan.

1. Ethno-archaeological survey of Nomadism or mobile livestock, in flood plain of Zeravshan valley.

2. Modern-environment survey of collecting samples of water in various point of Zeravshan valley and isotope analysis of them.

3. Excavation at the moat of citadel and pollen/diatom analysis of soil samples.

4. Excavation at the citadel for collecting data of farmers and nomads.

5. Topographical analysis based on high definition digital elevation model


1. Mobile livestock have been executed extensively in flood plain of Zeravshan valley, but they are threatened by irrigation agriculture recently.

2. Not only drinking water from streams and springs but also irrigation water are contaminated by uranium and antimony.

3. We could find good stratums of fine sand and course sand in the moat. We are now analyzing the pollen and diatom from soil samples.

4. We could collect a lot of animal bones for reconstructing menu of royal families of agricultural dynasty and pastoral dynasty.

5. We created high definition digital elevation model of this area and analyzing distribution of Silk Road city sites on it.

○Project Members

UNO Takao ( International Research Center for Japanese Studies,Professor,Implementation and summary of research works )

YAMAGUCHI Hiroshi ( International Research Center for Japanese Studies,Lecturer,Studies of Informatics archaeology )

SATO Yo-ichiro ( RIHN,Professor,Studies of DNA archaeology )

KUBOTA Junpei ( RIHN,Associate Professor,Studies of Hydrogy )

NAKANO Takanori ( RIHN,Professor,Studies of Isotope analysis )

SAKAI Hideo ( Faculty of Science Toyama University,Professor,Studies of Geophysics )

○Future Themes

This project was closed.



Uno, T Mar,2010 Reading Historical Space Structures of Ancient Urban and Rural Settlements in Eurasia. Bensei Press, Tokyo, 201pp. (in Japanese)


Komil, R., Uno, T Dec,2009 . Archaeological Research in Uzbekistan, 6. Institute of Archaeology of Uzbekistan, Samarkand, pp.258. (Other)

Research Presentations

【Oral Presentation】

Hirofumi TERAMURA and Takao UNO 3D modeling of seals and seal impressions excavated at Kanmer.. BHUJ ROUND TABLE; International Conference on Gujarat Harappans & Chalcolithic Cultures, Jan 28,2010-Jan 31,2010, Bhuj, Gujarat, India..

Hirofumi TERAMURA and Takao UNO GIS applications in the Indus Project, RIHN -Case studies in progress at Kanmer and Farmana, India. 19TH CONGRESS OF THE INDO-PACIFIC PREHISTORY ASSOCIATION, Nov 29,2009-Dec 05,2009, Vietnam, Hanoi.

【Poster Presentation】

Teramura, H., T. Uno, J.S. Kharakwal, Y.S. Rawat, T. Osada and A. Uesugi Photogrammetric Survey at Kanmer, Kachchh, Gujarat. XIX International Conference on South Asian Archaeology, Jul 02,2007-Jul 06,2007, Bologna University, Ravenna, Italy.