Full Research

StageFR
Project No.R-05
Project NameA Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies: To Combat Livelihood Degradation for the Post-oil Era
Abbreviated TitleArab subsistence project
Project LeaderNAWATA Hiroshi
Research AxisResources
URLhttp://arab-subsistence.jzz.jp/
Key WordsArab societies, Alien invasive species control, Environmental impact assessment, Human life support mechanisms, Post-oil era, Universal access to scientific data

 

○Research Subject and Objectives

【Research Objectives】

 

    This project examined life support mechanisms and self-sufficient modes of production among Arab peoples who have survived in dryland environments for more than a millennium. Using the research results, we proposed a scientific framework to strengthen subsistence productivity and combat livelihood degradation in local Arab communities in preparation for the post-oil era.

 

【Background】

 

    Japan and the oil-rich countries of the Middle East have put excessive pressures on the earth’s energy, water, and food resources. In prioritizing economic prosperity, these countries have exploited irreplaceable resources, such as fossil fuel and fossil water. Schemes to plant alien species have also placed stress on local ecosystems. This pattern of development has increased social and economic differences within the Middle East just as the region faces a turning point in modern oil-based industrial development. Fossil fuel–based interdependencies must now be transformed into new relations that can support viable future societies.

    This project was focused on human subsistence ecosystems of the region: low energy-intensity life-support mechanisms and modes of production, such as hunting, gathering, fishing, herding, farming, and forestry. In doing so it also reflected on the role of advanced technologies in economic development, and measures adopted thus far to combat desertification. Field research investigated keystone species, ecotones, and traditional knowledge and examined the sustainability of subsistence economies under site-specific conditions.

 

【Research Methods】

 

    Field surveys were conducted in semi-arid lands between the Nile River and the Red Sea in Sudan, with the Red Sea coast, Butana area, and Nile River areas as the main survey areas. Additional surveys were conducted at the Sinai Peninsula in Egypt, the Red Sea coast in Saudi Arabia, and a Saharan oasis in Algeria. We compared keystone species, ecotones, and traditional knowledge and examined differences in the sustainability of subsistence economies under site-specific conditions.
    We developed and implemented our study of human subsistence ecosystems around three main areas:

1) comprehensive measures to control the alien invasive species mesquite

2) assessment of the environmental effects of development programs in coastal zones of the arid tropics to prevent the emergence of new environmental problems

3) sharing of research results to support local decision making.
  Our research method combined two main approaches:

(1) analysis of subsistence ecosystems, focusing on keystone species such as camels, date palm, dugong, mangrove, and coral reefs

(2) examination of the sustainability and fragility of Arab societies, focusing on the ecotones such as wadi beds, riverbanks, mountainsides, and seashores.

 

【Project Organization】

 

    The members of this project included social and natural scientists, members of local NGOs and project managers, who were divided into four study groups: 1) Alien invasive species control group, 2) Coastal zone environmental impact assessment group, 3) Support for local decision making group, and 4) Local ecosystems comparative studies group.

 

(1) Alien invasive species control group

    In the1980s, mesquite (Prosopis spp.) was considered an ideal tree for combating desertification due to its high capacity to stabilize sand dunes, survive inhospitable environments, and provide fuel, timber, fodder, and edible pods. However, although mesquite seedlings failed to establish on sand dunes, they became well established within oases, where they lowered water tables and suppressed native vegetation. The invasion of mesquite has not only changed regional ecosystems, but has also led to livelihood degradation in local communities.

    The interdisciplinary research teams developed comprehensive measures to control this invasive species. These teams were comprised of specialists from various backgrounds including scientists based at universities and institutions; members of nongovernmental organizations (NGOs); consultants;project managers of international organizations and development institutions; and local people with various social roles, including tribal leaders, technicians, and villagers.

 

(2) Coastal zone environmental impact assessment group

    Mangrove ecosystems in the coastal zones of the arid tropics can be important sources of energy for surrounding terrestrial ecosystems. These areas are rich in biodiversity, and great potential exists for seafood and pastoral food production by reforesting mangroves to sustain fish nurseries and provide safe foraging sites. One of the most interesting aspects of food habits along the coastal zone of the arid tropics is the local dependence on hunting, gathering,and fishing of sea products (fish, shellfish, dugong, dolphin, and sea turtles). Therefore, in terms of arid land food production, we considered the potential of sea product development as a principal element of future diets.

    On the other hand, the conversion of sea water to fresh water in coastal zones presents a large development frontier. However, it may also lead to environmental degradation as highly concentrated saline water is released into the sea. Many coastal towns and cities have developed solar-powered desalination plants, which have made agriculture and forestation possible in remote areas. We examined this issue and compiled information to help guard against new environmental problems arising from development.

 

(3) Support for local decision making group

    Researchers must widen the public domain for scientific findings and provide universal and equitable access to scientific data and documents. However, relatively few research results are accessible to local people in local languages, with the exception of some brochures and books published and distributed by international organizations.

    This situation reduces the usefulness of research results in local decision making as well as in national policy development. Thus, to support local decision making, we planed to provide our research information through print and digital devices in Japanese (to create a bridge between Japanese and Arab societies), English (the common language of science communities), and Arabic (the common language of local communities in the study region).

 

(4) Local ecosystems comparative studies group

    In human subsistence ecosystems (social ecosystems) in Arab societies, camels, date palm, dugong, mangrove, and coral (reefs) are assumed to be key stone species. These species support diverse communities, and their extinction could lead to the disappearance of other species, including even human communities.The survival of these species likely depends greatly on wise uses of combinations of environmental factors in ecotones, a socio-ecological niche in dryland environments of the Middle East.

    The study group on human subsistence ecosystems in Arab societies examined Arab communities and Islamic civilization from the viewpoint of energy flow.

○Progress and Results in 2017

Major Achievements:

 

  When this fullresearch (FR) project started in 2008, oil consumption in Egypt had juststarted to exceed its production there. What this means is that Egypt has arrivedat its oil peak, when oil demand exceeds production, and is now rushing intothe “post-oil” era. The fact that the “Arab Spring” occurred right after itsoil peak is not just a coincidence. The coastal zone has been the new frontierfor human habitat in recent decades and has been damaged by the construction ofports, oil refineries, military bases, and tourism facilities. This projectcompiled practical instructions for recovering the natural environment throughmangrove plantations in order to provide local people and administrators, alongwith other Arab and non-Arab societies worldwide, with the possibility ofalternative choices.

  In this regard,the separation of Sudan into Sudan and South Sudan in 2012 forced Sudan intothe “post-oil” era, and there is an urgent need to build a new industry andstimulate economic recovery. Study of the management and utilization of the alieninvasive species mesquite attracted the attention of federal and state governmentsas offering a source of local energy and feed/food to combat the livelihooddegradation resulting from the invasion of mesquite.

  The studyoutcome can be summarized as follows: 1) ten volumes of ArabSubsistence Ecosystems are started to be published in Japanese, as the mainbody of the research; 2) the research results werepresented in the exhibition Surviving inthe Desert at the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo; 3) Japanese citizens gave feedback onthe post-oil era; 4) the scientificdata were made available universally by publishing the results in severallanguages in the Arab Subsistence Monographseries; and 5) the research results were implemented through developmentprojects and protected area management in Arab societies.

 

1) Publication of ten volumes of Arab Subsistence Ecosystems in Japanese

  In human subsistence ecosystems (socialecosystems) in Arab societies, camels, date palms, dugongs, mangroves, andcoral (reefs) are believed to be keystone species. These species support diversecommunities, and their extinction could lead to the disappearance of other species,including human communities. The survival of these species is likely to dependon the wise use of combination of environmental factors in ecotones, a socio-ecologicalniche in the arid Middle East environment (Nawata 2010).

  The ten volumes of  ArabSubsistence Ecosystems containing our results are on the following: 1) interrelationshipsbetween humanity and nature, 2) date palms, 3) mangroves, 4) the alien species mesquite,5) camels, 6) coral reefs, 7) dugongs, 8) sorghum and millet, 9) motivatedpractitioners and local communities, and 10)  is the modernhuman really a keystone species?  Volumes1 and 10 contain scientific syntheses.

 

2) The Surviving in the Desert exhibit at theNational Museum of Nature and Science

  The exhibit Surviving in the Desert: Strategies of Humans, Plants, & Animalsran at the National Museum of Nature and Science, Tokyo, from November 2013 toFebruary 2014. Research results and materials collected in this project were ondisplay, including a book called DesertHistory (Nawata & Shinoda eds. 2014), illustrating the relationshipbetween humans and nature focusing on the strategies of humans, animals andplants use to share water. The book was in full color and 474 page long.

  We organized twenty-seven gallery talks,symposia and lectures to communicate with Japanese citizens. More than one hundredthousand visitors have visited the exhibit. This helped a wide rangeof Japanese citizens to understand the project results. 

 

3) Feedback from Japanese citizens regarding thepost-oil era

  A RIHN book series HumanResources and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Search for Viable FutureSocieties in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries of the Middle East was edited bythe Project Leader and Project Researcher, based on feedback from Japanesecitizens on the post-oil era, after attending three RIHN Open Seminars for thepublic on “How will you live without oil?”presented between 2009 and 2011 (Ishiyama & Nawata eds. 2013).

  The book had been displayed (stackedone on top of the other) for more than 6 months at one of the biggest bookshopsin Tokyo. One book review said: “This book took the initiative in examiningrenewable human resources and engineering to get ready for the post-oil era”(June 5, 2013, Environment Newspaper).

 

4) Publication of the Arab Subsistence Monograph series in multi-languages

  To increase the availability of scientific knowledge and provideuniversal and equitable access to scientific data and documents, we made ourresults accessible to local and national decision-makers by reporting theresults in English, the common language of the scientific community, and in Arabic,French, English, and Kiswahili, the languages of the communities in the studyregion, in the first volume Exploitation and Conservation ofMiddle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era (Nawata, Ishiyama & Nakamura, 2013).

  In the pre-research (PR) year, we published A Study of HumanSubsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak ofEnvironmental Problems (Nawata ed. 2008). Our extensive communicationnetwork provided access to a variety of information, such as the properscientific terminology in Arabic, and the optimum size of photos and figuresfor practical use in the field. Based on this input, we decided to revise thebook under the new title DrylandMangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation, in the Arab Subsistence Monograph series (Nawata ed. 2013).

 

5) Research implementationthrough development projects and protected area management in Arab societies

  The results of the study were applied as partof the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) project “CapacityDevelopment Project for the Provision of Services of Basic Human Needs inKassala” (2011–2013) in cooperation with the Sudan University of Science andTechnology (SUST). We organized a training course on mesquite management andutilization for outreach workers from the Technology Transfer and ExtensionAdministration (TTEA), State Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Irrigation,Kassala State, in December 2011, June 2012, and November 2012. The contents were based on Japanese and Sudanese research.The results were immediately presented at an international conference andpublished in an academic book (Mendez-Vilas ed. 2012).

  In collaboration with the Red Sea University,we proposed a management plan for the Dongonab Bay Marine Protected Area to theMinistry of the Environment, Sudan, because there are no field data. Our datasethas a high value with regard to the co-existence of a nature reserve and localsubsistence in that it provides the identification of important dugong habitat,dugong travel patterns, and diving profiles.

○Project Members

Nawata, Hiroshi ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Visiting Professor,Cultural anthropology, Social ecology )

Sakata, Takashi ( Faculty of Science and Engineering, Ishinomaki Senshu University,Professor,Nutrient physiology )

Hoshino, Buho ( College of Agriculture, Food and Environment Sciences, Rakuno Gakuen University,Professor,Remote sensing and GIS )

Babiker, Abdel Gabar E.T. ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Professor,Bio-chemistry )

Yasuda, Hiroshi ( Tottori University,Associate professor,Hydrology )

Inoue, Tomoe ( Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University,Researcher,Plant physiology )

Ushida, Kazunari ( Kyoto Prefectural University,Professor,Microbial ecology and physiology )

Hakoyama, Fumiko ( Faculty of International Studies, Meiji Gakuin University,Part-time lecturer,Development studies )

Fujii, Yoshiharu ( Graduate school of Agriculture and Technology, Tokyo University,Professor,Bio-chemistry )

Yoda, Kiyotsugu ( Ishinomaki Senshu University,Professor,Plant physiology )

Abdel Basit, Muhammad ( Tottori University,Project researcher,Hydrology )

El-Fatih, Muhammad ( Agricultural Research Cooperation,Researcher,Biochemistry )

Abdel Magid, Afaf A. ( Agricultural Research Cooperation,Researcher,Biochemistry )

ElKhalifa, Abdel Wadoud A. ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Forest/ products/ Charcoal )

Eldoma, Ahmed Mohamed Adam ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Tree physiology )

Taha, Awad K. ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Entomologist /Biological control )

Mohamed, Abdalla A.H. ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Entomologist /Biological control )

Elrasheed, Mutasim Mekki Mahmoud ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Agricultural Economist/ Environmental economics )

Hussin, Mohamed Badawi ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Agricultural Extension/ Extension education )

Makki, Hattim Makki Mohamed ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Food technology )

Ahmed, Ahmed Elawad Elfaki Mohamed ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Food quality and safety )

Ati, Shadia Abdel ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Physiology of digestion and nutrition )

Ahmed Idris, Yousif Mohamed ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Food technology )

Gaiballa, Abdelaziz Karamalla ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Professor,Remote sensing and range management )

El Tayeb, Nagat Mubarak ( Ministry of Agriculture, Sudan,Manager of research section,Weed science )

Ibrahim, Mobamed Elgamri A. ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Associate professor,Forestry )

Mohamedain, Mahgoub, Suliman ( Sudan University of Science and Technology,Lecturer,Remote sensing and GIS )

Miyamoto, Chiharu ( Action for Mangrove Reforestation,Trustee,Plantation )

Yoshikawa, Ken ( Graduate School of Environmental Science, Okayama University,Professor,Forest ecology )

Arai, Nobuaki ( Kyoto University,Professor,Aquatic bioinformatics )

Kishi, Akira ( Shin-nippon Environmental Research Co. Ltd.,President,Marine biology )

Ichikawa, Kotaro ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project researcher,Bioacoustics )

Kogo, Kiyomi ( Action for Mangrove Reforestation,Senior researcher,Plantation )

Kogo, Motohiko ( Action for Mangrove Reforestation,Chairman,Plantation )

Suda, Seiji ( Action for Mangrove Reforestation,President,Plantation )

Takayama, Haruo ( Kajima Technical Research Institute,Chief Research Engineer,Plant ecology )

Nakashima, Atsushi ( Wakayama University,Professor,Plant ecology )

Nakamura, Ryo ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project researcher,Cultural anthropology )

Hori , Nobuyuki ( Nara University,Professor,Geography )

Matsuo, Naoko ( Mie University,Assistant professor,Forest hydrology )

Miyagi, Toyohiko ( Touhoku Gakuin University,Professor,Environmental topography )

Teraminami, Tomohiro ( Graduate School of Environmental Science, Okayama University,Graduate student,Plant physiology )

Al-Wetaid, Abdullah H. ( National Comission for Wildlife Conservation and Development, Saudi Arabia,Manager of Department of Plant Studies,Plant ecology )

Sambus, Anas Zubeir ( National Comission for Wildlife Conservation and Development, Saudi Arabia,Manager of Marine Research,Marine biology )

Tarik, Al-Abbasi ( National Comission for Wildlife Conservation and Development, Saudi Arabia,Director of Terrestrial Researches,Plant ecology )

Khushaim, Omar ( National Comission for Wildlife Conservation and Development, Saudi Arabia,Director of Marine Research,Marine biology )

Mohamed, Abbas Tahoon ( Wadi El Gemal National Park, Egypt,General Manager,Geology )

Amgad Ali El-Shaffai ( Wadi El Gemal National Park, Egypt,Assistant General Manager,Ocean )

Tamer, Mahmoud ( Wadi El Gemal National Park, Egypt,Assistant General Manager,Botany )

Abdelwahab, Afefe Abdelwahab ( Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency, Egypt,Environmental Researcher,Agronomy )

Laureano, Pietro ( Traditional Knowledge World Bank, Italy,Director,Architecture )

Abu Sin, Abdalla M. A. ( Gezira University,Trustee,Agro-economics )

Shinoda, Kenichi ( National Museum of Nature and Science,Head of the Division & Curator of the Center for Molecular Biodiversity Research,Physical Anthropology )

Watanabe, Tsugihiro ( Kyoto University,Professor,Agricultural engineering )

Manger, Leif ( Bergen University,Professor,Social anthropology )

Abdel Hadi A, W. M. Mohamed ( Agricultural Research Cooperation, Sudan,Associate Professor,Water management )

Onuma, Hiroyasu ( Appropriate Agriculture International Co.,President,Village development )

Kodama, Kanako ( Chiba University,Associate professor,Cultural anthropology )

Takaki, Keiko ( Obirin University,Professor,Cultural anthropology )

Meziani, Rim ( Abu Dhabi University,Assistant professor,Urban planning )

Abdel Bagi M. Ali ( Agricultural Research Cooperation, Sudan,Professor,Plant physiology )

Okamoto, Yoko ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project research associates )

Wan, Na ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project research associates,Humanity )

Mizuma, Sakiko ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project research associates )

Kawatoko, Mutsuo ( Research Institute for Islamic Archaeology and Culture,Director,Islamic archaeology )

Benkhalifa, Abdrahmane ( Ecole Normale Supérieure de Kouba Algérie,Lecturer,Fungology )

Ishiyama, Shun ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project researcher,Cultural anthropology )

Kume, Takashi ( Faculty of Agriculture, Ehime University,Associate professor,Hydrology )

Nagasawa, Ryota ( Tottori University,Professor,landscape ecology )

Kubota, Junpei ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Professor,Forest hydrology )

Suzuki, Hideaki ( The Toyo Bunko,Research fellow,History )

Nishimoto, Shin'ichi ( Cyber University,Professor,Architecture )

Ota, Keiko ( University of Tokyo Center for Philosophy,Research fellow,History )

Ozaki, Kikuko ( National Defense Academy of Japan,Associate professor,Islamic culture, History )

Kikuchi, Hiroko ( Kitakami City Archaeological Operation Center,Research fellow,Archaeology )

Sakamoto, Tsubasa ( Waseda University,Graduate student,Archeology )

Shimada, Yoshihito ( Nagoya University,Professor,Religious anthropology )

Shindo, Yoko ( College of Literture, Aoyama Gakuin Unversity,Part-time lecturer,Islamic archaeology )

Takahashi, Nobuo ( Hanamaki City Museum,Director,Archaeology )

Maruyama, Daisuke ( Kyoto University,Graduate student,Cultural anthropology )

Yasuoka, Yoshifumi ( Vienna University of Technology,Graduate student,Architectural History )

Ishikawa, Hiroki ( Tokyo University of Foreign Studies,Assistant professor,History )

Shinoda, Ken'ichi ( Department of Anthropology, Division of Human Evolution, National Museum of Nature and Science,Head of the Division,Natural taxonomy )

Sekihiro, Naoyo ( Kyoto Prefecture Research Center for Archaeological Properties,Researcher,Archeology )

Seo, Akihiro ( Ryukoku University,Academic affairs assistant,Plant taxonomy )

Endo, Hitoshi ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project researcher,Archeology )

El-Hadj, Hamadi ahmad ( Aulef Junior High school,Teacher,Education )

Hutiyah, Muhammad ( Adrar University,Professor,History )

Wassila, Benslimane ( Ecole Normale Supérieure Kouba Algérie,Part-time teacher,Biology )

Tamoud, Benfetima ( Centre National de développement des Ressources Biologiques, Algérie,Researcher,Biology )

Hafiz Qoura Mohamed Fathy ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project researcher,Archaeology )

Yoshimori, Ichido ( Okayama University,Graduate student,Forest ecology )

Mohamed El Amin Hamza EL Amin ( Red Sea University,Professor,Fisheries science, Marine resource management )

Ahmed AbdelAziz Ahmed ( Red Sea University,Professor,Agriculture, immunology, )

Abdelgadir Dafaalla Elhag Mohamed ( Red Sea University,Professor,Marine biology )

Abdelmoneim Karamalla Gaiballa Adir ( Red Sea University,Lecturer,Marine biology )

Nishida, Harufumi ( Chuo University,Professor,Plant systematics, Palaeophytology )

Ishihara, Aiko ( Okayama University,Graduate student,Forest ecology )

○Future Themes

    We continue to publish multilingual books as Arab Subsistence Monograph Series (Shoukadoh Book Sellers), and a series of books in Japanese “Human subsistence in Arab Societies” (Rinsen Book Co.) to conclude the study results and pass them on to the local society. 

Books

【Chapters/Sections】

Nawata, H. 2014,01 "Going beyond a negative heritage of combating desertification: Based on sharing results of inter-disciplinary researches". Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (ed.) Manuals of Global Environmental Studies, Vol. 1. Asakura Shoten, Tokyo, pp.82-85. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Chapters and sections: Perspectives of desert history”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.vii-xvi. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Desert history for the purpose of creating future of desert studies”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.404-416. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “How can we overcome “negative legacy” caused by combating desertification: Fusion of modern science and traditional knowledge through collaborations among different industries and disciplines”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.389-397. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Cultures of sharing scarce resources: Learned from desert peoples”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.365-378. (in Japanese)

Ozaki, K. 2014 “Drinking water of Egyptian cities of Islamic periods”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.352-358. (in Japanese)

Shindo, Y. 2014 “City and water, from the Nile to families: Based on archaeological findings at al-Fustat, Egypt”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.346-351. (in Japanese)

Nishimoto, S. 2014 “Wells and houses of ancient Egypt”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.339-345. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Pastoralism of one-humped camels and accessibility of resource patches in coastal areas”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.319-338. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2014 “Agriculture in the Sahara and Sahel: Human wisdom of sharing water in arid lands”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.312-318. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. 2014 “Living in sea of deserts: Fishing culture at Dungonab Bay, northern Red Sea coast, Sudan”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.305-311. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Use of wild animals and plants, and bee keeping in juniper woodlands, highland of the Arabian Peninsula”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.291-304. (in Japanese)

Nishiaki, Y. 2014 “Nomadization in the Arabian Peninsula from archaeological points of view”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.285-290. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Ecology of dung beetles and use of excrement of humans and animals”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.276-278. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Multi-dimensional relations with one-humped camels”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.261-275. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Dorcas gazelle ecology and its hunting”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.235-239. (in Japanese)

Sakata, T. 2014 “Strategies of one-humped camels bearing on the ground, and Syrian hamster going underground”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.221-229. (in Japanese)

Shindo, Y. 2014 “Grass bottles found at al-Fustat”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.361-362. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Names of parts and classification of growing stages of dates”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.212-213. (in Japanese)

Takaki, K. 2014 “Everyday life tools from date palms”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.214-215. (in Japanese)

Yoda, K. 2014 “Root of mesquites”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.210-211. (in Japanese)

Abdirrahman Binkhalifah, Zaynab Zubaydi, and S. Ishiyama 2014 “Identification of genotypes of varieties and evaluation of its genetic diversities of date palms”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.195-208. (in Japanese)

Yoda, K. and B. Hoshino. 2014 “Alien invasive species mesquites expanding into deserts”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.173-179. (in Japanese)

Nakashima, A. and N. Matsuo. 2014 “Tree shape of grey mangrove growing horizontally”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.156-164. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2014 “A Motivated agriculturalist of oasis”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.417-418. (in Japanese)

Yabe, A. and H. Nishida. 2014 “Plant fossil of the western desert of Egypt”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.141-146. (in Japanese)

Yabe, A. and H. Nishida 2014 “Inside stones shown by computed tomographic (CT) scanning”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.209. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2014 “Water distribution system of oasis”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.125-130. (in Japanese)

Shindo, Y. 2014 “Filters found at al-Fustat”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.359-360. (in Japanese)

Watanabe, M. 2014 “System, history, and distribution of qanat”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.115-124. (in Japanese)

Kawai, T. and T. Saito. 2014 “Sands of arid lands”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.85-91. (in Japanese)

Sakata, T. 2014 “Human abilities adapted to arid lands”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.37-44. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Coastal zones of the arid tropics as stable refugia of humans”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.28-36. (in Japanese)

Shinoda, K. 2014 “Deserts, human evolution, and human dispersal”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.21-27. (in Japanese)

Hasegawa, H. 2014 “Desert areas and environment changes in history of the earth”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.8-20. (in Japanese)

Ushida, K. and T. Sakata. 2014 “Antelopes and donkeys living in deserts”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.230-234. (in Japanese)

Shindo, Y. 2014 “Glasses with date palms designs”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.216-217. (in Japanese)

Nishimoto, S. 2014 “Water jugs”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.131-132. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H., K. Tani, and B. Hoshino. 2014 “Relation between increase and decrease of grey mangrove forest areas, and grazing pressure of one-humped camels”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.165-172. (in Japanese)

Kobori, I. 2014 “Folk tool for water distribution, Sahara oasis”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.135-137. (in Japanese)

Tanaka, U. 2014 “Soils of deserts”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.92-96. (in Japanese)

Yasuda, H. and K. Yoda. 2014 “Relation between underground water system and plants water use”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.104-114. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Dust storm habub: Movements of Inter Tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) and rainfalls”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.97-103. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. 2014 “Two motivated fishermen whom I met in Africa”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.419-420. (in Japanese)

Kogo, K. and S. Ishiyama. 2014 “Professor Iwao Kobori, a pioneer of arid land studies: His brief personal history and complete bibliography”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.421-444. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Children of deserts: Their styles of working, and development of traditions”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.398-403. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “How have local peoples adapted to droughts: Ecological, social, cultural, and religious responses at rain-beg ceremonies”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.379-388. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “A local agricultural expert shooing away birds with stones”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.279-281. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B. 2014 “Home ranges of domesticated and wild animals around water points”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.249-260. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Vegetative propagation and artificial pollination of date palms as human technique to expand his niche into deserts”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.180-194. (in Japanese)

Matsuo, N. and A. Nakashima. 2014 “Water use strategies of plant living in arid and saline environments”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan,, pp.147-155. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H., Y. Okamoto, and S. Ishiyama 2014 “Experimenting the effect of vaporization heat with an Egyptian earthenware jug for water”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.133-134. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H., Mahjub Sulayman Muhammadayn, Hafiz Muhammad Fathi Hafiz Qurah, Abdirrahman Binkhalifah, Zaynab Zubaydi, S. Ishiyama, and Y. Okamoto. 2014 “Fashion and clothes as adaptive techniques to deserts”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.62-82. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2014 “Human techniques for water uptake in arid lands”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.45-61. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B. 2014 “Desert areas of the world”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.3-7. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata. 2013,12 “Mangroves and rehabilitation of livelihoods on the coast”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.303-317. (in Japanese)

Kogo, M. 2013,12 “Pioneer works of mangroves”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.271-290. (in Japanese)

Suzuki, H. 2013,12 “Mangroves on Gulf of Oman, Arabian Peninsula, and Persian Gulf coasts: Living spaces of Arab societies built on trades in the western Indian Ocean”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.151-168. (in Japanese)

Nakaura, R. 2013,12 “Mangrove use and its historical role on Swahili coast: A case from Kilwa island in south Tanzania”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.121-150. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H., K. Tani, Abd Aziz Karamallah Jayballah, Abdul Munim Karamallah Jayballah, Abdul Qadir Bdawi Muhammad, and B. Hoshino. 2013,12 “Relation between change detection of grey mangrove distribution area and grazing behavior of one-humped camels”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.105-120. (in Japanese)

Yoshimori, I. 2013,12 “My notes on mangrove research”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.98-104. (in Japanese)

Nakashima, A. 2013,12 “Adaptive strategies of mangroves”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.51-83. (in Japanese)

Kogo, M. and K. Kogo. 2013,12 “Paleontology of mangroves”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.21-49. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. and R. Nakamura. 2013,12 “Perspective on dryland mangroves”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.5-19. (in Japanese)

Nawata, T. 2013,12 “My quest for integrated mesquite management methods”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.243-266. (in Japanese)

Matsuo, N. 2013,12 “Physiological characteristics of mangroves”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.85-97. (in Japanese)

Hirata, A. 2013,12 “International politics and mesquites”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.237-241. (in Japanese)

Tanaka, U. 2013,12 “Looking for effective methods of combating desertification: Focusing on mesquite issues in arid lands of eastern Sudan”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.225-236. (in Japanese)

Sakata, T. 2013,12 “Nutritional strategies of ruminants and mesquites”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.179-185. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H., N. Koga, Abdil Wadud Abdallah al-Khalifah, and Ahmad Muhammad Adam al-Dumah. 2013,12 “Utilization of mesquites: focusing on charcoal”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.159-178. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B. 2013,12 “Joy of fixing sand dunes and distress of expanding mesquites”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.120-128. (in Japanese)

Yoda, K. 2013,12 “Growth characteristics and physiological ecology of mesquites”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.67-102. (in Japanese)

Babiker, A.G.T. 2013,12 “Mesquite (Prosopis spp.) in Sudan: history, distribution and control”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.45-65. (in Japanese)

Fujii, Y. 2013,12 “Research on risk of allelopathic activities of plants focusing on mesquites”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.27-43. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2013,12 “How can we combat “negative legacy” of combating desertification”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.5-25. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2013,12 “For future of oasis”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.295-302. (in Japanese)

Takaki, K. 2013,12 “Date palms culture in the United Arab Emirates: From traditional subsistence to green economy”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.267-293. (in Japanese)

Abderrahmane Benkhalifa. 2013,12 “Local varieties of date palms and agro-biodiversity in Sahara oases”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.201-234. (in Japanese)

Yamada, I. 2013,12 “Mangroves living on marginal lands”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.291-302. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. and Hafiz Muhammad Fathi Qurah. 2013,12 “Islam and date palms”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.125-169. (in Japanese)

Ozaki, K. 2013,12 “History of use of date palms and dates in Islamic Egypt”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.101-124. (in Japanese)

Suda, S. 2013,12 “Methods for mangrove reforestation and forest conservation in Qatar”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.177-201. (in Japanese)

Shindo, Y. 2013,12 “Date palm designs of arts and crafts of the Middle East”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.94-100. (in Japanese)

Nishimoto,S., N. Nishimoto and Y. Yasuoka. 2013,12 “Date palms in ancient Egypt: Focusing on building materials”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.65-93. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2013,12 “History of domestication of date palms: Vegetative propagation, artificial pollination, and micro-environments for other crops”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.13-63. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H., K. Tani, Abd Aziz Karamallah Jayballah, Abdul Munim Karamallah Jayballah, Abdul Qadir Bdawi Muhammad, and B. Hoshino. 2013,12 “Relation between seasonal herding patterns of one-humped camels, and their grazing behavior on grey mangroves, halophytes and mesquites”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.187-224. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata. 2013,12 “Date palms and livelihoods of desert”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol.2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.5-12. (in Japanese)

Miyamoto, C. 2013,12 “On Arabian coasts”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.203-270. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. 2013,12 “Fish nursery grounds on dryland coast”. Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) Mangroves. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.169-175. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B. 2013,12 “Distribution and its expansion of mesquites”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.129-158. (in Japanese)

Yasuda, H. 2013,12 “Groundwater uptake of mesquites”. Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) The Alien Species Mesquite. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.103-119. (in Japanese)

Sato, Y. 2013,12 “Bibliographical essay on date palms”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.303-311. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2013,12 “Date palms as foods”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.262-266. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S., Abderrahmane Benkhalifa, H. Nawata, I. Kobori, Ahmad al-Haj Hammadi, Muhammad Assalih Hutiyah, and Wasilah ben Sliman. 2013,12 “Local varieties of date palms and agro-biodiversity in Sahara oases”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.235-261. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2013,12 “Retrospect and prospect on studies of In Belbel oasis, Sahara: Thinking of days with Professor Iwao Kobori”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.189-199. (in Japanese)

Kobori, I. 2013,12 “Comparative studies on Qanat in Islamic world”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.171-188. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2013,11 "Rain-beg ritual ceremony adjusting livestock numbers and herding zones: Adaptive strategy to climatic variation in the eastern end of Sahel zone". Yokoyama, S. (ed.) Geography on Resource and Subsistence. Kaiseisya, Otsu, pp.187-216. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2013,03 “A view at the top of oil era –What have we lost and what should we preserve?”. Nawata, H. and Ishiyama, S. (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries. RIHN Book series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.13-58. (in Japanese)

Nakanishi, A. 2013,03 “A new era for woody biomass gasification”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries. RIHN Book Series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.199-214.

Onuma, H. 2013,03 “Building human resource in the Gulf and Japan”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries. RIHN Book Series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.137-167. (in Japanese)

Shimada, Y. 2013,03 “How I perceive modern human crisis before energy crisis?”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries. RIHN Book Series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.59-103. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2013,03 “How can we make out a prescription for global environmental problems?”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries. RIHN Book Series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.1-11. (in Japanese)

Takaki, K. 2013,03 “Shape of future livelihood, learned from traditional livelihood in an oasis”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries. RIHN Book Series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.105-135. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2013,03 "A viable future lifestyle without oil". Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries of the Middle East. RIHN Book Series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.215-228. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2013,03 “Meeting point of the Yellow belt and the Blue belt- Coastal zone of the arid tropics as corridors of early human dispersal out of Africa”. Sato, Y. and Taniguchi, M. (ed.) Environmental history of the Yellow belt. Civilization and Environmental history series of the RIHN. Koubundou, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan, pp.168-190. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2013,03 “A viable future lifestyle without oil”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries. RIHN Book Series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.215-228. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2013,03 “Energy issues perspective based on my living experinece in rural Japan”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries. RIHN Book Series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.169-198. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2013,03 “A view at the top of oil era: What have we lost and what should we preserve?”. Ishiyama, S. and Nawata, H. (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries. RIHN series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.13-58.

Kishi, A., and Anas Zubeir Sambas 2013,02 "Conservation Plan for Dugong along the Northeastern Coast of the Red Sea in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.28-30. (in English and Arabic)

Onuma, H. 2013,02 "The Master Plan for the Restoration, Conservation, and Management of Mangrove in the Sultanate of Oman". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.18-21. (in English and Arabic)

Ichikawa, K. 2013,02 "Notes on the aerial surveys". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, pp.31.

Nawata, H. 2013,01 "About Research Project". Nawata, H., Ishiyama, S. and Nakamura, R. (ed.) Exploitation and Conservation of Middle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 1. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.6-8. (in English and Arabic)

Nakamura, R. 2013,01 "Utumiaji wa Mikoko katika Kilwa Kisiwani, Kusini mwa Mwambao wa Kiswahili, Tanzania (Direct and Environmental Uses of Mangrove Resources on Kilwa Island, Southern Swahili Coast, Tanzania)". Nawata, H., Ishiyama, S. and Nakamura, R. (ed.) Exploitation and Conservation of Middle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 1. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.103-132. (in Swahili, English, and Arabic)

Nawata, H. 2013,01 "Preface". Nawata, H., Ishiyama, S. and Nakamura, R. (ed.) Exploitation and Conservation of Middle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 1. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.4-5. (in English and Arabic)

Nawata, H., Muhammad Ahmad 'Asiri, Rabi' 'Abd al-Rahmand Hananin', and Tariq Muhammad al-'Abbasi' 2013,01 "Traditional Natural Resource Use and Conservation of Juniper Woodlands in the Arabian Peninsula: A Case Analysis of Raydah Nature Reserve". Nawata, H., Ishiyama, S. and Nakamura, R. (ed.) Exploitation and Conservation of Middle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 1. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.19-74. (in English and Arabic)

Ishiyama,S. 2013,01 Déforestation et foyer amélioré au sub-Sahara: Efficacité sous les conditions pratiquesdans les ménages. Nawata, H., Ishiyama, S. and Nakamura, R. (ed.) Exploitation and Conservation of Middle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 1. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.75-101. (in French) (in French, English, and Arabic)

Nawata, H. 2013,01 "Exploitation and Conservation of Middle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era: A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies". Nawata, H., Ishiyama, S. and Nakamura, R. (ed.) Exploitation and Conservation of Middle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 1. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.9-18. (in English and Arabic)

Ichikawa, K., Badrildin Khalafallah Adam, Adil Muhammad Salih, N. Arai. 2011 “Dugong and fishermen at Dungonab Bay in the western coast of the Red Sea”. Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, Japan, pp.240-248. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2010,10 "Islam and Nature Reserve Management". The Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN) (ed.) The RIHN Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Studies. , Kobundo, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, pp.328-329. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S., Uchiyama, H. and Sugimura, K. 2009,03 "Organisation and mechanisation of the urban-rural exchange". Sugimura, K. (ed.) Rural studies of 21th century. Sekai Shiso Sha, Kyoto, pp.147-186. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2013,03 "Environmental Change and Dynamism of Livelihood -Goumanché, an agricultural People of African semi-arid land". Sato, Y. and Taniguchi, M. (ed.) Environmental history of the Yellow belt. Civilization and Environmental history series of the RIHN. Kobundo, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan, pp.98-111. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2013,03 "Is it possible to prescribe against the global environmental problem ?". Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries of the Middle East. RIHN Book Series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.1-11. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2013,03 "Thinking energy problem from rural life". Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries of the Middle East. RIHN Book Series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.169-198. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2013,02 "Preface". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.4-5. (in English and Arabic)

Nawata H. 2013,02 "About Research Project". Nawata H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kyoto, Japan, pp.6-9.

Nawata H. 2013,02 "Relationships between Humans and One-humped Camels in the Coastal Zones of the Arid Tropics: An Anthropological Case Analysis of the Beja on the Red Sea Coast of Eastern Sudan". Nawata H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.42-47. (in English and Arabic)

Nawata H. 2013,02 "Coastal Resource Use by Camel Pastoralist: A Case Study of Gathering and Fishing Activities among the Beja in Eastern Sudan". Nawata H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kyoto, Japan, pp.48-65. (in English and Arabic)

Kogo, M., C. Miyamoto, and S. Suda 2013,02 "Study and Activities on Mangrove Afforestation in Arabia". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.10-13. (in English and Arabic)

Shoji, T. 2013,02 "A Handbook for an Avicennia marina Nursery and Transplantation: Technical Guidelines for Afforestation". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.20-21. (in English and Arabic)

Suda, S. 2013,02 "Method for Mangrove Afforestation in Qatar". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.16-17. (in English and Arabic)

Yoshikawa, K. 2013,02 "Ecological and Genetical Studies of Mangrove (Avicennia marina) Forests in the Sultanate of Oman". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.36-37. (in English and Arabic)

Miyagi, T. 2013,02 "Long-term Maintenance of Arid Mangroves: Mangrove Distribution and Use in Iran and Pakistan". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.32-34. (in English and Arabic)

Nakamura, R. 2013,02 "Mangrove Use on the Kilwa Island, Southern Swahili Coast in Tanzania". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, pp.38-41. (in English and Arabic)

Tamaei, S. 2013,02 "Study of Gray Mangrove (Avicennia marina) Afforestation for Greening a Desert Coast: Gray Mangrove Afforestation on the Banks of an Artificial Channel across a Sabkha and Established Biotic Community". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.22-27. (in English and Arabic)

Miyamoto, C, and Abdullah Al-Wetaid 2013,02 "An Inspection of the Status of Coastal Mangroves of the Southern Red Sea". Nawata, H. (ed.) Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, pp.14-15. (in English and Arabic)

Nawata, H., N. Koga, A. A. Elkhalifa, and A. Eldoma 2012,12 "Use of the alien invasive species mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) for wood fuel/charcoal to support local incomes and improve energy efficiency in an arid land of Sudan". A Mendez-Vilas (ed.) Fuelling the future: Advances in science and technologies for energy generation, transmission and storage. Brown Walker Press, Florida, pp.128-132.

Kogo M. and Kogo K. 2011,04 "Report of the 2010 research done in Bahariya, Wadi el Hitan and Gebel Qatrani, Egypt". Research Institute for Humanity and Nature & Action for Mangrove Reforestation (ed.) A Journey into the 40 Million Year Old Mangroves along the Tethys Sea. RIHN, Kyoto, pp.1-4.

Nakamura, R. 2011 "Seafood Preservation and Economic Strategy of the Dried Fish Trade in Kilwa Kisiwani, Southern Swahili Coast, Tanzania". Sam Maghimbi, Isaria N. Kimambo, and Kazuhiko SUGIMURA (ed.) Comparative Perspectives on Moral Economy: Africa and Southeast Asia. Dar es Salaam University Press, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, pp.273-291.

Nawata, H. 2009,07 "Re-examing Technology Transfer and Development Policy with Application of Traditional Knowledge". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.225. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2009,07 "'Der Wandernde See' and 'Death in Sahara'". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.108. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2009,03 "A Role of Foreign Researchers as Foreign Workers: A Case Analysis of Social Actors Engaged in Nature Conservation around Rayda Nature Reserve, Southwestern Saudi Arabia". Inja, L. and Kanetani, M. (ed.) Possibility of Self-mentioned Ethnography. Center for Northeast Asia Studies, Tohoku University, Sendai, pp.73-93. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2008,11 "Environmental Conservation by Cooperative Operations with Foreign Workers: A Case Analysis on Herding around the Raydah Nature Reserve in the South-western Saudi Arabia". Kusano, T. (ed.) Local Development and Nature Conservation: Views from Local People. Kokon, Tokyo, pp.119-134. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2008,03 "Beja: Adaptation to the Red Sea Coast Mediated by One-humped Camels". Fukui, K., Takezawa, S., Miyawaki, Y. (ed.) First Peoples in Sub-Saharan Africa. Akashi Syoten, Tokyo, pp.183-208. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2008,03 "Eyes of a Girl and Willy of a Boy: From Cultural Shock to Cultural Anthropology". Inja L., Kanetani, M., and Sato, T. (ed.) Fieldwork as a Starting Point: When You Open Yourself, the World would be Changed. Showado, Kyoto, pp.43-65. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2008,03 "A Dialogue with the Shilluk King Kwongo Dak Padiet: Bring a Peace with our Hands". Matsuzono, M., Nawata, H., and Ishida, S. (ed.) Human Development in Africa: Practice and Cultural Anthropology. Akashi Shoten, Tokyo, pp.259-311. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2009,11 "Afforestation project as activities against desertification". Shiraishi, S. (ed.) Kyoto Working Papers on Area Studies、Center for Southeast Asian Studies. Kyoto University. JSPS Working Papers on Area Studies, 84. Center for southeast asian studies Kyoto University, Kyoto, pp.35-49. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2009,11 "Use and Conservation of Juniper Woodlands in the Arabian Peninsula". Ikeya, K. (ed.) Views from Global Environmental History. Iwanami Syoten, Tokyo, pp.271-294. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2009,07 "Deforestation". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Tokyo, pp.19. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2009,07 "Diffusion of ameliorated cooking stove:Africa". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Tokyo, pp.94. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2009,07 "People of the desert". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.83. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2009,07 "Africa and the desertification". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.119. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2009,07 "Greetings and Social Relationships in Saudi Arabia". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.97. (in Japanese)

Nawata. H. 2009,07 "Drought". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.20.

Nawata, H. 2009,07 "Fishing and Forestry ". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Tokyo, pp.80. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2009,07 "Tourism Development in Arid Lands". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.82.

Nawata, H. 2009,07 "Camel Racing and Arab Societies". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.92-93. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2009,07 "Juniper Forest Conservation in Saudi Arabia". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.164-165. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2009,07 "How to Combat Negative Legacy of Combating Desertification". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.226. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. 2009,07 "Islam and Traditional Environmental Resource Management". Japan Association for Arid Land Studies (ed.) Encyclopedia of Arid Lands Studies. Maruzen, Toyko, pp.163. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B., M. Kaneko, and K. Ogawa 2009 "Correction of NDVI calculated from ASTER L1B and ASTER(AST07) data based on ground measurement". Geoscience and Remote Sensing. IN-TECH press.

【Translations / Joint Translations】

Takaki, K., with Ookawa, M., Hosoi, Y., Uno, Y., Imahori, E., Tsujigami, N. 2012,01 "Chuto Kita Afurika ni okeru Jendah: Isuramu Shakai no Dainamizumu to Tayousei". Sekai Jinnken Mondai Sousho, No.79. Akashishoten, Tokyo, 412pp. Translation of Zahia Smail Salhi (ed.) Gender and Diversity in the Middle East and North Africa. 198pp.

Editing

【Editing / Co-editing】

Nawata, H. and K. Shinoda (ed.) 2014 Desert History: Strategies of Humans, Animals, and Plants for Sharing Water. Tokai University Press, Kanagawa, 474pp. (in Japanese)

Nawata,H. and S. Ishiyama (ed.) 2013,12 “Date palms and livelihoods of desert”. Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) Date Palms. Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 2. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, Japan, pp.5-12. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. and H. Nawata (ed.) 2013,12 Mangroves, Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 3. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, 323pp. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B. and H. Nawata (ed.) 2013,12 The Alien Species Mesquite, Arab Subsistence Ecosystem Series Vol. 4. Rinsen Shoten, Kyoto, 270pp. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. and H. Nawata (ed.) 2013,03 Human Resource and Engineering in the Post-Oil Era: A Look at Viable Future Societies in Japan and Oil-Rich Countries of the Middle East. RIHN Book series. Showado, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, 231pp. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. (ed.) 2013,02 Dryland Mangroves: Frontier Research and Conservation. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 2. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, 132pp. (in English and Arabic)

Nawata, H., Ishiyama, S. and Nakamura, R. (ed.) 2013,01 Exploitation and Conservation of Middle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era. Arab Subsistence Monograph Series, 1. Shoukadoh Book Sellers, Kamigyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan, 248pp. (in Arabic, English, French, and Swahili)

Nawata, H. (ed.) 2012,09 Investigative Report (2nd edition): a Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies Along the Red Sea in Sudan (2011-2013). RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, 104pp.

Babiker, A. G. T. (ed.) 2012,03 Annual Report: Comprehensive Measurement to Control the Alien Species Mesquite (Prosopis spp. ) (2011-2012). RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, 54pp.

Nawata, H. (ed.) 2012,01 Report on Field Survey (24th Nov.-15th Dec. 2011): Evaluation of Present Status of Mangrove Habitats along the Northern and Southern Parts of the Red Sea Coast in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, 38pp.

Nawata, H. (ed.) 2008,10 A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, 457-4 Motoyama, Kamigamo, Kita-ku, Kyoto, 603-8047 JAPAN, 104pp. in English and Arabic

Matsuzono, M., Nawata, H. and Ishida, S. (ed.) 2008,03 Human Development in Africa: Practice and Cultural Anthroplogy. Akashi Shoten, Tokyo, 352pp. (in Japanese)

Papers

【Original Articles】

Lee, H., H. Yasuda, S. Ishiyama, H. Nawata, and Mohamed Abd Elbasit Mohamed Ahmed 2014,01 Rainfall time series of Gadaref in the midstream of the Nile basin. Journal of Japan Society of Hydrology and Water Resources 27(1):29-33. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Yasuda, H., Mohamed A.M. Abd Elbasit, K. Yoda, R. Berndtsson, T. Kawai, H. Nawata, Asaddig M. Ibrahim, T. Inoue, W. Tsuji, Tarig El Gamri and T. Saito 2014,01 Diurnal fluctuation of groundwater levels caused by the invasive alien mesquite plant . Arid Land Research and Management 28(2):242-246. (reviewed).

Kogo, M. and K. Kogo 2013,12 At the edge of the Tethys Sea: Thinking about the origin of mangroves. Journal of Arid Land Studies 23(3):137-145. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Nawata, H. 2013,11 Relationship between humans and camels in arid tropical mangrove ecosystems on the Red Sea coast. Global Environmental Research 17(2):233-246. (reviewed).

Inoue, T., Y. Yamauchi, A.H. Eltayeb, H. Samejima, A.G.T. Babiker, and Y. Sugimoto 2013,10 Gas exchange of root hemi-parasite Striga hermonthica and its host Sorghum bicolor under short-term soil water stress. Biologia Plantarum 57(4):773-777. (reviewed).

Nawata, H. 2013,09 Ecological, social, cultural and religious responses of local people to drought: A case analysis of rain-beg ritual ceremony among the Beja in the eastern end of Sahel zone. Journal of Arild Land Studies 23(2):61-66. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Ishiyama, S. 2013,09 Multiple livelihoods of farmer under variable rainfall condition in African semi arid zone: A case study on Gourmantche people, north east of Burkinafaso. Journal of Arid Land Studies 23(2):67-71. (reviewed).

Nakamura, R. 2013 Coastal resource use and management on Kilwa Island, southern Swahili coast, Tanzania. AWERProcedia Advances in Applied Sciences 1:364-370. (reviewed).

Takaki, K. 2012,01 "Actual State of Democratization Process in Tunisia: An examination from a local context". Ajiken World Trend: A Special Issue on the Spring of the Arab and Structural Transformation of Middle Eastern Politics(196):24-29. (in Japanese)

Yoda, K., Hoshino, B., Ahmed Eldoma and Yasuda, H. 2011,12 "Comparative study of growth pattern of Mesquite (Prosopis sp.) seedlings among different soil water resumes". R. Kimura et al (ed.) Annual Report, Tottori University Arid Land Research Center, 2010-2011. Tottori University Arid Land Research Center, Hamasaka, Tottori, pp.55. (in Japanese)

Takaki, K. 2011,07 "Tunisian Revolution and an alternative public sphere". Africa Summer(No.2):42-45. (in Japanese)

Yasuda, H., T. Kawai, Mohamed Abd Elbasit Mohamed Ahmed, H. Nawata 2012,12 "Seasonal variation of precipitation time series in arid Sudan". Journal of Arid Land Studies 22(2):357-361. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Yasuda, H., T. Kawai, Mohamed Abd Elbasit Mohamed Ahmed, H. Nawata 2012,12 "Cyclic pattern of precipitation time series in arid Sudan". Journal of Arid Land Studies 22(2):363-367. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Yasuda, H., Mohamed Abd Elbasit Mohamed Ahmed, T. Inoue, K. Yoda, T. Kawai, W. Tsuji, H. Nawata, T. Saito 2012,09 "Groundwater uptake of alien invasive plant, mesquite in arid environment: Double peak pattern of diurnal groundwater level fluctuation due to the midday depression phenomenon". Journal of Japan Society of Hydrology and Water Resources 25(5):315-321. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Hoshino, B., Abdelaziz Karamalla, Mohamed Abd Elbasit, K. Manayeva, K. Yoda, Mahgoub Suliman, Mohamed Elgamri, H. Nawata, H. Yasuda 2012,06 "Evaluating the invasion strategy of mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) in eastern Sudan using remotely sensing technique". Journal of Arid Land Studies 22(1):1-4. (reviewed).

Mohamed A. M. Abd Elbasit, H. Yasuda, K. Yoda, Ahmed M. Eldoma, H. Nawata, B. Hoshino, Magzoub K. Magzoub 2012,06 "Mesquite (Prosopis spp.) Water Uptake under Different Simulated Drought Conditions". Journal of Arid Land Studies 22(1):5-8. (reviewed).

Nawata, H. 2012,06 " To Combat a Negative Heritage of Combating Desertification: Developing Comprehensive Measures to Control the Alien Species Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) in Sudan". Journal of Arid Land Studies 22(1):9-12. (reviewed).

Yoda, K., Mohamed A. M. ABD ELBASIT., Hoshino, B., Yasuda, H. and Nawata, H. 2012,06 "Root system development of Prosopis seedlings under different soil moisture conditions". Journal of Arid Land Studies 22(1):13-16. (reviewed).

Ozaki, K. 2012,05 "Food and Medicine in the Arab Islamic World". Journal of Oriental Studies 51(1):63-91. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Ozaki, K. 2012,03 "Pans in the Medieval Islamic World". Journal of Islamic Area Studies, Organization for Islamic Area Studies, Waseda University(vol.4):25-33. (in Japanese)

Sakata, T. 2012,03 "Main use of camels and recent transition of productions of camel milk and camel meat in major camel-rearing countries". Bulletin of Ishinomaki Senshu University 23:23-39. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. 2012,03 "Maritime Environments of Swahili Civilizations: The Mangrove Inland Sea of Kilwa Island, Tanzania". Afro-Eurasian Inner Dry Land Civilisation 1:75-83. (reviewed).

Sakata, T. 2012,03 "Main use of camels and recent transition of production of camel milk and camel meat in major camel-rearing countries". Bulletin of Ishinomaki Senshu University 23:23-39. (in Japanese)

Ozaki, K. 2012,03 "Pots in the Medieval Islamic World". Journal of Islamic Area Studies 4:25-33. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Nawata, H. 2012,03 "Relationship between Human and One-humped Camels in the Coastal Zones of Arid Tropics: An Anthropological Case Analysis of the Beja on the Red Sea Coast of Eastern Sudan". Afro-Eurasian Inner Dry Land Civilisation 1:67-73. (reviewed).

Ishiyama, S. 2012,03 "Human mobility in the drylands of sub-Saharan Africa :The southward migration of the Kanemubu and drought in the Lake Chad region". Afro-Eurasian Inner Dry Land Civilisation 1:85-97. (reviewed).

Nakamura, R. 2011,11 "People Living with Wind and Tide: Fish Fence Fishing of Kilwa Island, Southern Swahili Coast, Tanzania". BIOSTORY 16:68-69. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B. 2011,10 "The invasion species of mesquite in Sudan and Sahara desert ②– The series of the Earth is dry". Dairy Journal 64(10):46-47. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B. 2011,09 "The invasion species of mesquite in Sudan and Sahara desert ①– The series of the Earth is dry". Dairy Journal 64(9):46-47. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. 2011,09 "Change of Human Subsistence in the Sahara Oasis-Water supply, farm expansion and habitation movements through a case study of In Belbel oasis in Algerian Sahara". Journal of Arid Land studies 21(2):67-69. (reviewed).

Nawata, H. 2011,09 "Water Study for Peace: What I Learned from Professor Iwao Kobori in China, Tunisia, Egypt, and Algeria (2005-2010)". Journal of Arid Land Studies 21(2):63-66. (reviewed).

Hoshino, B., Yonemori, M., Manayava, K., Abdelaziz Karamalla GAIBALLA, Yoda, K., Mahgoub SULIMAN, Mohamed ELGAMRI, Nawata, H., Mori, Y., Yabuki, S., Aida, S. 2011,07 "Remote sensing methods for the evaluation of the mesquite tree (Prosopis juliflora) environmental adaptation to semi-arid Africa". IEEE IGARSS 2011(1):1910-1913. (reviewed).

Ichikawa, K., Akamatsu, T., Arai, N., Shinke, T. and Adulyanukosol, K. 2011,06 "Callback response of dugongs to conspecific chirp playbacks". Journal of Acoustical Society of America 129(6):3623-3629. (reviewed).

Hoshino, B., Nawata, H., Jia, R., ABDELAZIZ Karamalla, and Yoda, K. 2011,04 "Remote Sensing Methods of Vegetation and Surface Run-off Change in Eastern Sudan Area". Journal of Rakuno Gakuen University 35(2):33-43. (reviewed).

Nakamura, R. 2011,04 "Multi-ethnic Coexistence in Kilwa Island, Tanzania: The Basic Ecology and Fishing Cultures of a Swahili Maritime Society". SHIMA: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures 5(1):44-68. (reviewed).

Sakata, T. 2011,03 "Stock Number of Camels and Productions of Camel Milk and Camel Meat in the World". Bulletin of Ishinomaki Senshu University 22:53-64. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Yoshikawa, K., Inoue, M., Yoshimori, I., Nakashima, A., Teraminami, T., Matsuo, N., Banjo, R., and Miyamoto, C. 2011,03 "Forest structure of gray mangrove (Avicennia marina) along Egyptian Red Sea coast". The Scientific Reports of the Fuculty of Agriculture Okayama University 100:39-51. (reviewed).

Hoshino, B., Yonemori, M., Karina Manayeva, Abdelaziz Karamalla, Yoda, K., Mahgoub Suliman, Mohamed Elgamri, Nawata, H., Mori, M., Yabuki, S., Aida, S. 2011 "Remote sensing methods for the evaluation of the mesquite tree (Prosopis juliflora) environmental adaptation to semi-arid Africa". IEEE IGARSS(1):1910-1913. (reviewed).

Hoshino, B., Hasi Bagan, Nakazawa, A., Kaneko, M., Kawai, M. 2011 "CLASSIFICATION OF CASI-3 HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGE BY SUBSPACE METHOD". IEEE IGARSS:1-4. (reviewed).

Nawata, H. 2010,12 "Oil and Livelihood in Arid Land: A Case Study of the Beja in Eastern Sudan". Biostory 14:18-27. (in Japanese)

Yoshikawa, K., Yoshimori, I., and Seo, A. 2010,08 "Study of Genetic Diversity on Avicennia marina growing along the Red Sea Coastal Area, Egypt". Nawata H. (ed.) Investigative Report August 2010: Study of Human Impacts on Mangrove Habitats in Egypt (2009-2013).

Yoshikawa, K., Inoue, M., and Yoshimori, I. 2010,08 "Monitoring Plan of Seedlings in Sharm El-Bahary Mangrove Forest". Nawata H. (ed.) Investigative Report August 2010: Study of Human Impacts on Mangrove Habitats in Egypt (2009-2013).

Banjo, R. and Matsuo, N. 2010,08 "Water-use of Grey Mangrove (Avicennia marina) Grown along the Egyptian Red Sea Coast determined by Carbon and Oxygen Isotope Ratios". Nawata H. (ed.) Investigative Report August 2010: Study of Human Impacts on Mangrove Habitats in Egypt (2009-2013).

Yoshikawa, K., Inoue, M., and Yoshimori, I. 2010,08 "The Implementation Report of Egyptian Mangrove Survey". Nawata H. (ed.) Investigative Report August 2010: Study of Human Impacts on Mangrove Habitats in Egypt (2009-2013).

Nakashima, A., Teraminami, T., and Ominami, M. 2010,08 "Growth and Morphological Characteristics of Aviccenia marina under High Grazing Pressure by Camels in the Red Sea Coast, Egypt". Nawata H. (ed.) Investigative Report August 2010: Study of Human Impacts on Mangrove Habitats in Egypt (2009-2013).

Nakamura, R. 2010,08 "Anthropological Study on the Ababda Maritime Society in the Southern Parts of the Red Sea coast in Egypt". Nawata H. (ed.) Investigative Report August 2010: Study of Human Impacts on Mangrove Habitats in Egypt (2009-2013).

Miyamoto, C. 2010,08 "Technical Instruction for the First Experimental Plantation of Avicennia marina along the Red Sea Coast in Egypt". Nawata H. (ed.) Investigative Report August 2010: Study of Human Impacts on Mangrove Habitats in Egypt (2009-2013).

Matsuo, N., and Banjo, R. 2010,08 "Sampling for Stable Isotome Analysis to Estimate the Long-term Trends in Intrinsic Water-use Efficiency and the Long-term Trends in Stomatal Conductance". Nawata H. (ed.) Investigative Report August 2010: Study of Human Impacts on Mangrove Habitats in Egypt (2009-2013).

Yoshikawa, K., Yoshimori, I., and Seo, A. 2010,08 "Report on DNA Analysis". Nawata H. (ed.) Investigative Report August 2010: Study of Human Impacts on Mangrove Habitats in Egypt (2009-2013).

Nakashima, A. and Teraminami, T. 2010,08 "Morphological Characteristics of the Mangrove Sites along the Egyptian Red Sea Coast". Nawata H. (ed.) Investigative Report August 2010: Study of Human Impacts on Mangrove Habitats in Egypt (2009-2013).

Nawata, H. 2010,07 "Exploitation and Conservation of Middle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era: A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies". Annals of Japan Association for Middle East Studies 26(1):137-150. (reviewed).

Nakamura, R. 2010,07 "Direct and Environmental Uses of Mangrove Resources on Kilwa Island, Southern Swahili Coast, Tanzania". Annals of Japan Association for Middle East Studies 26(1):215-240. (reviewed).

Ishiyama, S. 2010,07 Deforestation et foyer ameliore au sub-Sahara: Efficacit sous les conditions pratiques dans les menages. Annals of Japan Association for Middle East Studies 26(1):185-213. (reviewed).

Nawata, H., Muhammad Ahmad, Asiri, and Rabi abd al-Rahman Hasanin 2010,07 "Traditional Natural Resource Use and Conservation of Juniper Woodlands in the Arabian Peninsula". Annals of Japan Association for Middle East Studies 26(1):151-184. (reviewed).

Nakamura, R. 2010 "Socio-Cultural Structure in Swahili Maritime Society: From the Case of Kilwa Island, Southern Swahili Coast, Tanzania". . pp.25. *Progress report on previous research for Tanzania Commission for Science and Technology

Yoshikawa, K. 2009,12 "Camel on the Shore". Journal of Arid Land Studies 19(3). (in Japanese)

Kobori, I. and Horie, K. 2008,11 "New trends in Qanat Studies". Abstracts of Oral Presentations, The Ninth Conference of International Dryland Development Commission (IDDC) held at Alexandria, Egypt. pp.29.

Kogo, M., Miyamoto, C., Suda, S., 2008,10 “Study and Activities on Mangrove Afforestation in Arabia”. H. NAWATA (ed.) A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.8-10.

Nakamura, R. 2009 "Seafood Preservation and Economic Strategy in a Maritime Society: A Case Study of the Dried Fish Trade in Kilwa Kisiwani on the Southern Swahili Coast". Sugimura, Kazuhiko (ed.) Comparative Perspectives on Moral Economy: Africa and Southeast Asia. Fukui Prefectural University, Fukui, Japan, pp.195-209.

Nakamura, R. 2008,11 "On the Local Mangrove Resource Use of Kilwa Island in Southern Swahili Coast". Abstracts of Oral Presentations, The Ninth Conference of International Dryland Development Commission (IDDC) held at Alexandria, Egypt. pp.120-121.

Shimada, Y. 2008,11 "Reconsidering the Animal power as the Basis of Afro-Eurasian Driland Civilization". Abstracts of Oral Presentations, The Ninth Conference of International Dryland Development Commission (IDDC) held at Alexandria, Egypt. pp.116-117.

Nawata, H. 2008,11 "Mangroves as Fish Nursery and Forage Safekeeping in Coastal Zones of the Arid Tropics". Abstracts of Oral Presentations, The Ninth Conference of International Dryland Development Commission (IDDC) held at Alexandria, Egypt. pp.137.

Miyamoto, C. 2008,10 "An Inspection of the Status of Coastal Mangroves of the Southern Red Sea”. H. NAWATA (ed.) A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.11.

Suda, S. 2008,10 “Method for Mangrove Afforestation in Qatar”. A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.12-13.

Shoji, T. 2008,10 “A Handbook for an Avicenia marina Nursery and Transplantation Technical Guidelines for Afforestation”. H. NAWATA (ed.) A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.16-17.

Kishi, A., A. Z. Sambas, 2008,10 "A Conservation Plan for Dugong along the Northeastern Coast of the Red Sea in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia”. H. (ed.) A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.20-21.

Yoshikawa, K. 2008,10 “Ecological and Genetical Studies of Mangrove (Avicenia marina) Forests in the Sultanate of Oman”. H. NAWATA (ed.) A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.24-25.

Nawata, H. 2008,10 “Relationship between Humans and One-humped Camels in the Coastal Zones of the Arid Tropics:An Anthropological Case Analysis of the Beja on the Red Sea Coast of Eastern Sudan”. H. NAWATA (ed.) A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.28-31.

Nakamura, R. 2008,10 “Local Mangrove Resource Use on Kilwa Island, Southern Swahili Coast”. H. NAWATA (ed.) A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.26-27.

Miyagi, T. 2008,10 “Long-term Maintenance of Arid Mangroves: Mangrove Distribution and Use in Iran and Pakistan”. H. NAWATA (ed.) A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.22-23.

Tamaei, S. 2008,10 “Study of Gray Mangrove (Avicenia marina) Afforestation for Greening a Desert Coast: Gray Mangrove Afforestation on the Banks of an Artificial Channel across a Sabkha and Established Biotic Community”. H. NAWATA (ed.) A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.18-19.

Onuma, H. 2008,10 “The Master Plan for the Restoration, Conservation, and Management of Mangrove in the Sultanate of Oman”. H. NAWATA (ed.) A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems with Mangrove in Drylands: To Prevent a New Outbreak of Environmental Problems. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.14-15.

Nawata, H. 2008,07 "Camel Racing in Saudi Arabia: Modern Networks of Arab Societies". Kikan-Minzokugaku 125:44-59. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama. S. 2008 "Lessons from the prevention for Desertification: For whom desertification?". Shimada, S. (ed.) Grass Root Development and Environmental Protection in Africa by the Revitalization for Traditional Knowledge and Techniques. Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan, pp.119-122. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. 2008 "Two Episodes concerning the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage in Kilwa Island, Tanzania". Shimada, Y. (ed.) Grass Root Development and Environmental Protection in Africa by the Revitalization for Traditional Knowledge and Techniques. Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan, pp.109-122. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. 2008 "Coexistence of the Residence Place between the Bantu and the Arab in Kilwa Island, Southern Swahili Coast". Islamic Africa Studies 4:153-162. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. 2008 "Multi-ethnic Coexistence in Swahili Society: Multiple Ecological Sea Zones and Two Fishing Cultures in Kilwa Island, Tanzania". The 3rd RIHN International Symposium. The Futurability of Islands: Beyond Endemism and Vulnerability. Program & Abstracts. RIHN, Kyoto, Japan, pp.18.

【Review Articles】

Suda, S. 2013,11 Findings from our mangrove reforestation activities over 30 years. Global Enrivonmental Research 17(2):189-197. (reviewed).

Kogo, M. and K. Kogo 2013,11 A note on paleobotany of mangroves. Global Environmental Research 17(2). (reviewed).

Research Presentations

【Oral Presentation】

Nawata, H. Synthesis of session 1: Human subsistence in relation to invasive and endangered species. RIHN 8th International Symposium "Risk Societies, Edge Environmens: Ecoysystems and Livelihoods in the Balance", 2013.10.23-2013.10.25, RIHN, Kyoto.

Yasuda, H., K. Yoda, S.N. Panda, Mohamed A.M. Abd Elbasit, J. Huang "Dynamics of grondwater use by plants in arid environments". RIHN 8th International Symposium "Risk Societies, Edge Environmens: Ecoysystems and Livelihoods in the Balance", 2013.10.23-2013.10.25, RIHN, Kyoto.

Nawata, H. "Oases landscape in risk". RIHN 8th International Symposium "Risk Societies, Edge Environmens: Ecoysystems and Livelihoods in the Balance", 2013.10.23-2013.10.25, RIHN, Kyoto.

Adel Mohamed Saleh, Ryo Nakamura, Moamer Eltaib Ali Mohamad "Resources use of coastal fisheries in Sudan". RIHN 8th International Symposium "Risk Societies, Edge Environmens: Ecoysystems and Livelihoods in the Balance", 2013.10.23-2013.10.25, RIHN, Kyoto.

Badreldinn Khalafalla Adam, Kotaro Ichikawa, Abdelmoneim Karamalla Gaiballa, Moamer Eltayeb Ali "Current satatus and distribution of dugongs (Dugong dugon) in Sudan. RIHN 8th International Symposium "Risk Societies, Edge Environmens: Ecoysystems and Livelihoods in the Balance", 2013.10.23-2013.10.25, RIHN, Kyoto.

Yoda, K., Wataru Tsuji, Tomoe Inoue, Tadaomi Saito, Mohamed Abd Elbasit, Ahmed Eldoma, Buho Hoshino, Hiroshi Nawata and Hiroshi Yasuda "Root system development of Prosopis seedlings under different soil moisture conditions. RIHN 8th International Symposium "Risk Societies, Edge Environmens: Ecoysystems and Livelihoods in the Balance", 2013.10.23-2013.10.25, RIHN, Kyoto.

Hoshino, B., Mahgoub Suliman, Abdelaziz Karamalla, Kiyotsugu Yoda, Mohamed Elgamri, Hiroshi Nawata, Shunsuke Yabuki, and Hiroshi Yasuda "Evaluating the invasive strategy of mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) and risk management in Eastern Sudan: Using remotely sensed technique". RIHN 8th International Symposium "Risk Societies, Edge Environmens: Ecoysystems and Livelihoods in the Balance", 2013.10.23-2013.10.25, RIHN, Kyoto.

Ichikawa, K., T. Akamatsu, T. Shinke, N. Arai, and K. Adulyanukosol Clumped distribution of vocalising dugongs (Dugong dugon) monitored by passive acoustic and visual observations in Thai waters. Acoustics 2012 Fremantle: Acoustics, Development and the Environment, 2012.11.21-2012.11.23, Perth, Australia.

Nakamura, R. Multi-ethnic Coexistence in a Swahili Maritime Society as seen through Basic Ecology and Fishing Cultures of Kilwa Island, Tanzania. Workshop on Afro-Eurasian Dry Lands in the Central Eurasian Studies Society 2012 Annual Conference, 2012.10.17-2012.10.18, Indiana University, Indiana, USA.

Nawata, H., N. Koga, A.A.ElKhalifa, and A ElDoma A Method for Wood Fuel/Charcoal of the Alien Invasive Species Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) to Support Local Incomes with Better Energy Efficiency in Arid Land of Sudan. The Energy & Materials Research Conference, June 2012, Torremolinos, Spain.

Ichikawa, K., T. Akamatsu, K. Adulyanukosol, G. Damiani, J. Lanyon, and H. Nawata Intraspecific variation in vocal repertoire among dugong populations. THE ACOUSTICS 2012 HONG KONG, 2012.05.13-2012.05.18, Hong Kong.

Ishihara, A., I. Yoshimori, A. Seo, K. Yoshikawa Genetic diversity of grey mangrove (Avicennia marina) on the Red Sea coast. The 123th Annual Meeting, Japan Association for Forest Management, 2012.03.26-2012.03.29, Utsunomiya, Japan. (in Japanese)

Yoda, K., Tsuji, W., Inoue, T., Saito, T., Mohamed Abd Elbasit, Ahmed M.A. Eldoma, Magzoub K.M. Ali, Hoshino, B., Nawata, H. and Yasuda, H. Evaluation of initial growth properties of Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC) in rapid expansion. R&D in Dry Lands, DRI & DLRC Joined Seminar, 2012.02.22, National Center for Research, Sudan.

Komiyama, S., Ichikawa, K. and Arai, N. Development of software for extracting contours of animal vocalization. The 8th International Symposium on SEASTAR2000 and Asian Bio-logging Science (The 12th SEASTAR2000 Workshop), 2012.02.20-2012.02.21, Bangkok, Thailand. , “Development of software for extracting contours of animal vocalization”. , Feb 20,2012-Feb 21,2012,

Ishiyama, S., Nawata, H., Mutasim Mekki M. E.,Mussab Hassan A. Agriculture in Islamic Area of Republic of the Sudan -A Study of Regional Socio-Ecosystem, Local Agricultural Practice, and Traditional Knowledge To Manage Root Parasitic Weed in Rain-Fed Agricultural System of Semi-Arid Zone, Gadarif State, Sudan. 5 th Intaernational Symposium on “Religious Dynamics of Contemporary Africa concerning the destruction of Traditional Life Mode and New Religious Movement, 2011.11.27-2011.11.28. (in Japanese)

Ichikawa, K., Adulyanukosol, K., Akamatsu, T., Arai, N., Ando-Mizobata, N., Shinke, T. Spatial distribution patterns of solitary, cow-calf pairs and vocalizing dugongs around Talibong Island, Thailand. 19th biennial conference on the biology of marine mammals, 2011.11.27-2011.12.02, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Damiani, G., Ichikawa, K., Lanyon, J. Acoustic characteristics of dugong vocalizations and vocal behaviour of herds in southern Queensland, Australia. Fifth International Sirenian Symposium 2011, 2011.11.27, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Ichikawa, K., Akamatsu, T., Adulyanukosol, K., Damianni, G. and Lanyon, J. Intraspecific variation in vocal repertoire among dugong populations. The Fifth International Sirenian Symposium 2011, 2011.11.27, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Ishiyama, S. Interactive relations between an environmental NGO and inhabitants inthe southern fringe of the Sahara. 22thAnnual meeting of Japan Society for International Development, 2011.11.26-2011.11.27, Nagoya Univ. Nagoya, Japan. (in Japanese)

Inoue, T., Yamauchi, Y., Eltayeb, A.H., Samejima, H., Ueno, K., Babiker, A.G., Sugimoto, Y. Gas exchange and stomatal response of root hemi-parasite Striga hermonthica and sorghum under soil water stress. The 46th Meeting of the Japanese Society for Chemical Regulation of Plants, 2011.11.01-2011.11.02, Utsunomiya, Japan. (in Japanese)

Hakoyama, F. Provision of Drinking Water in Rural Areas in Burkina Faso. the International Symposium on Sustainable Water Management, 2011.10.28, Hokkaido University.

Yoda, K., Tsuji, W., Inoue, T., Mohamed Abd Elbasit, Ahmed M.A. Eldoma, Magzoub K.M. Ali, Hoshino, B., Nawata, H. and Yasuda, H. Evaluation of the response of Mesquite seedlings to dry conditions. International Symposium-Mesquite invasion and land degradation in Sudan, 2011.10.13, Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University.

Nawata, H. Understanding the Mesquite Issues at the Village Level in Sudan: To Combat a Negative Heritage of "Combating Desertification". International Symposium "Mesquite invasion and land degradation in Sudan: Overview", 2011.10.13, Arid Land Research Center, Tottori.

Yoshikawa, K. Eco-physiological Study on Mangroves along the Red Sea Coast (tentative). RIHN/RSU MOU Symposium - RED SEA STUDIES: Retrospect and Prospect, 2011.10.04, RIHN.

Nawata, H. Red Sea Studies in RIHN 'Arab Subsistence' Project. RIHN/RSU MOU Symposium "Red Sea Studies: Retrospect & Prospect", 2011.10.04, RIHN.

Nawata, H. and Abdel Gabar BABIKER RIHN/SUST Research Cooperation on Comprehensive Measures to Manage the Alien Invasive Species Mesquite in Sudan. Present State and Issues of Cooperation between International Academic Research and Development Assistance in Eastern Sudan: Focusing on Agriculture, Livelihood, and Environmental Sector, 2011.09.19, RIHN.

Ishiyama, S., Nawata, H., Mutasim Mekki, and Mussab Hassan Study on Rain-fed Agricultural System of Semi-arid Zone, Gadarif State, Sudan, through SATREPS: Towards Local-to-local Technology Transfer. Present State and Issues of Cooperation between International Academic Research and Development Assistance in Eastern Sudan: Focusing on Agriculture, Livelihood, and Environmental Sectors, 2011.09.19, RIHN.

Takaki, K. Tunisian Revolution and its impact on the Palm Oasis Region. International Conference on Study of Human Subsistence Eco systems among Arab Societies, 2011.09.11, RIHN.

Yoshikawa, K. Summaries of Eco-physiological Study on Mangroves along the Red Sea Coast. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2011.09.10-2011.09.11, RIHN. (in Japanese)

Nakashima, A. Growth property of gray mangrove along the Red Sea Coast of Egypt and Sudan. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2011.09.10-2011.09.11, RIHN. (in Japanese) Announcement by Ken Yoshikawa

Yoshimori, I. Prompt report for analysis of Genetic variation of gray mangrove in the Red Sea Coast of Egypt. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2011.09.10-2011.09.11, RIHN. (in Japanese)

Matsuo, N. Water-use Efficiency of gray mangrove in the Red Sea Coast of Egypt. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2011.09.10-2011.09.11, RIHN. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Introduction: How Will You Live without Oil? Part 3. The 45the RIHN Public Seminar, 2011.09.09, RIHN. (in Japanese)

Sakata, T. Changes in the importance of camels. Project Meeting for "A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies: To Combat Livelihood Degradation for the Post-Oil Era", 2011.09.09-2011.09.11, RIHN.

Hoshino, B. & Nawata, H. Remote sensing methods for the evaluation of the mesquite tree (Prosopis juliflora) environmental adaptation to semi-arid Africa. IEEE IGARSS, 2011.07.24-2011.07.29, Vancouver, Canada. DOI:10.1002/ece3.9

Hoshino, B. CLASSIFICATION OF CASI-3 HYPERSPECTRAL IMAGE BY SUBSPACE METHOD. IEEE IGARSS, 2011.07.24-2011.07.29, Vancouver, Canada.

Nawata, H. Possibilities and problems of foreign workers for environmental conservation in Saudi Arabia: Participation of refugees in development assistance. IUAES/AAS/ASAANZ Conference 2011, Knowledge and Value in a Globalising World: Disentangling Dichotomies, Querying Unities, 2011.07.05-2011.07.08, Perth, Australia.

Nawata, H. What I learned from Professor Iwao Kobori: In China, Tunisia, Egypt, and Algeria. The 1st International Conference on Arid Land "Desert Technology X", 2011.05.24-2011.05.28, Narita, Tokyo.

Ishiyama, S. Changes of Human Subsistence in Sahara Oasis -Water Supply, Farm Expansion and Habitations Movement, A Case Study of In Belbel. "Desert Technology" The International Conference on Arid Land, 2011.05.24-2011.05.28, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture, Seatagaya, Tokyo, Japan.

Nawata, H. To combat a negative heritage of combating desertification: Developing comprehensive measures to control the alien invasive species mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) in Sudan. The Ist International Conference on Arid Land "Desert Technology X", 2011.05.24-2011.05.28, Narita, Tokyo.

Ishiyama, S. Cereals Agriculture and Domestic Animalsin the southern fringe of the Sahara – A case study of Cereal Cultivator, Gourmantchepeoplein North-East of Burkinafaso. 48th Japan Association for African Studies, 2011.05.21-2011.05.22, Hirosaki Unv. Hirosaki, Aomori. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Arid Land Civilization focusing on Coastal Zone of the Arid Tropics: A View point for Red Sea Societies. Meeting of Red Sea Societies Research, 2011.05.15, Tokyo University of Foreign Languages. (in Japanese)

Shindo, Y. Study on the Islamic Glass Trade Based on the Finds from Raya Site in the Sinai Peninsula. Meeting of Red Sea Societies Research, 2011.05.15, Tokyo University of Foreign Languages, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Suzuki, H. Western Indian Ocean World toward New World History. Meeting of Red Sea Societies Research, 2011.05.15, Tokyo University of Foreign Languages, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. Boat Culture of the Western Indian Ocean. Meeting of Red Sea Societies Research, 2011.05.15, Tokyo University of Foreign Languages, Tokyo.

Ozaki, K. Diffusion of Islamic Medical Knowledge in the Medieval Europe. Meeting of Red Sea Societies Research, 2011.05.15, Tokyo University of Foreign Languages, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Shimada, Y. Animal Power, Hydraulic Power, Ship Power. Meeting of Red Sea Societies Research, 2011.05.15, Tokyo University of Foreign Languages, Tokyo.

Ishikawa, H. Natural environment and agriculture in northern Ethiopia found in historical papers of the Society of Jesus. Meeting of Red Sea Societies Research, 2011.05.15, Tokyo University of Foreign Languages, Tokyo.

Nawata, H., Ishiyama, S., and Mutasim Mekki Subsistence of farmers from western Sudan and West Africa in Gadarif State at eastern edge of Sahel zone, Sudan. Meeting of Red Sea Societies Research, 2011.05.15, Tokyo University of Foreign Languages.

Nawata, H. 'Egyptian Revolution' from the view point of global environmental studies. The 17th Resource Program Meeting, 2011.04.26, RIHN. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. My sketch for future design: Solve the Sagrada Familia by Arabic science. The 30th Shusen Salon, 2011.04.26. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H., Ishiyama, S., and Mutasim Mekki Some issues of sorghum-centered rain-fed agricultural systems in the Gadarif state, eastern Sudan. The 20the Annual Meeting, Japan Association for Nilo-Ethiopian Studies, 2011.04.23-2011.04.24, Nagasaki University. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. Changes of Oasis Life in Algerian Sahara -Water Supply, Farm Expansion and Habitations Movement, A Case Study of In Belbel. Colloque International sur La Foggara, 2011.04.09-2011.04.11, Adrar, Algeria.

Nakamura, R. Boat Culture in the Western Indian Ocean. 2nd International Symposium: Saharan Civilization, 2010.12.22-2010.12.24, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan.

Nawata, H. Keystone Species of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies. RIHN Satellite Symposium for IAS International Conference 2010 at Kyoto "Keystone Species of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies", 2010.12.20-2010.12.21, RIHN, Kyoto.

Nawata, H. Historical and Ethnographical Studies on Operculum of Gastropods as Incense and Perfume in the Coastal Zones of Arid Tropics. RIHN Satellite Symposium for IAS International Conference 2010 at Kyoto "Keystone Species of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies", 2010.12.20-2010.12.21, RIHN, Kyoto.

Nawata, H. Livestock Playing a Key Role in Mesquite Expansion in Local Ecosystems. RIHN Satellite Symposium for IAS International Conference 2010 at Kyoto "Keystone Species of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies", 2010.12.20-2010.12.21, RIHN, Kyoto.

Fujii, Y., Abdel Gabar BABIKER, Sugimoto, Y., and Nawata, H. Allelopathic Activity of Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora) and Screening of Allelopathic Plants in Sudan. RIHN Satellite Symposium for IAS International Conference 2010 at Kyoto "Keystone Species of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies", 2010.12.20-2010.12.21, RIHN, Kyoto.

Nakamura, R. The Dryland Fishing Culture of the Ababda Maritime Society along the Red Sea Coast of Southern Egypt. RIHN Satellite Symposium for IAS International Conference 2010 at Kyoto, Keystone Species of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies, 2010.12.20-2010.12.21, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan.

Ichikawa, K. Conservation of Keystone Species in Human Subsistence Ecosystems: Studies on vocal behavior of the dugongs in Thailand. Keystone Species of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies, 2010.12.20-2010.12.21, RIHN, Kyoto.

Nawata, H. Traditional Resource Use and Conservation of Juniper Woodlands in the Arabian Peninsula: A Case Analysis of Raydah Nature Reserve, Southwestern Saudi Arabia. Islamic Area Studies Third International Conference 2010 "New Horizons in Islamic Area Studies: Continuity, Contestations and the Future", 2010.12.17-2010.12.19, Kyoto International Conference Center, Kyoto.

Nakamura, R. The Bantu and Arab Cultures on Kilwa Island as seen through Jini. The 2nd International Symposium: 50th Anniversary of Africa Nation States as Renaissance, 2010.12.13-2010.12.15, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan.

Hakoyama, F. Trends of Safe Drinking Water Supply in the Sahel Region: Global Principles, Foreign Assistances and National Policy. 1st Ameli-Eaur International Workshop Sustainable Water and Sanitation System & 7th International Symposium on Sustainable Water and Sanitation System, 2010.09.21-2010.09.22, Paris. JST-JICA Research Project(2009-2014) Improving Sustainable Water and Sanitation systems in Sahel Region in Africa: Case of Burkina Faso

Nawata, H. Creating a New Form of Social Networks through a Camel Race in the Sahara Desert. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. Human subsistence in Sahara oasis. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Banjo, R., Matsuo, N. Effects of water absorption stress by Grey mangrove in Egyptian Red Sea coast on water use efficiency by the leaves. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Hoshino, B., Jia, R., Nawata, H., Abdelaziz Karamalla, Yoda, K. Extracting vegetation distribution in eastern Sudan by using satellite and ground measurements. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Horie, K. Women in InBelbel. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Fujii, Y. A proposal for integrated management of alien invasive species, papilionaceous Prosopis. spp: particularly from the view point of allelopathy. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Yoda, K., Jia, R., Mohamed Elbasit, Hoshino, B., Nawata, H., Yasuda, Y. A revisional study on growth regime of Mesquite (Prosopis). Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Shindo, Y., Nishimoto, S., Nawata, H. Change of material culture in Raya/al-Turarea. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Takaki, K. Traditional life in oasis in Tunisia and its future- Date palm, brick and solar energy. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Nishimoto, S., Yasuoka, Y., Yasuoka, A., Nawata, H. Studies on architectural construction method and conservation-restoration method of coral architectures in Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Nakashima, A., Teraminami, T., Ominami, M. Effects of environmental condition on the growth of current year branches of Grey mangrove in Red Sea coast. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Nakamura, R. A report of cultural anthropological surveys on Bedouin/Ababda community in southern Egyptian Red Sea coast. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Sakata, T. Distribution of Camels. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Kobori, I. Algerian Sahara: Field Surveys in Tidikelt. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Kogo, M. Why seaside?. Mangrove paleontological research organization, 2010.09.18-92012020, RIHN, Kyoto.

Mohamed Abd Elbasit and Yasuda, H. Impact of invasive plant species(Mesquite) on water resources in arid region. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Yoshikawa, K., Inoue, M., Yoshimori, I. Progress report of analysis on forest structure of Grey mangrove in Red Sea coast and surveys on genetic variation. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto.

Nawata, H. To Combat a Negative Heritage of Combating Desertification: Learning from Problems caused by Planting the Alien Invasive Species Mesquite. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab-Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto. (in Japanese)

Nishimoto, S., Yasuoka, Y., Yasuoka, A. and Nawata, H. Architectural Survey and Restoration Work of Coral Buildings in Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. Annual Meeting of RIHN Arab Subsistence Project, 2010.09.18-2010.09.20, RIHN, Kyoto. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Introduction: How Will You Live without Oil? Part 2. The 40th RIHN Public Seminar, 2010.09.17, RIHN, Kyoto. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. Is rural life good for the enviroment? Creatng life and natural energy. The 40th RIHN Public Seminar part 2, 2010.09.17.

Nawata, H., Ishiyama, S., and Nakamura, R. Sudanese people may have a longest history of sorghum production in the world: Anthropological understanding of its domestication and co-evolution with Striga. SATREPS-JSPS AA Science Platform Program Joint Seminar on Striga spp., the food security scourge in Africa, 2010.09.15, Awaji Yumebutai International Conference Center, Awaji, Hyogo.

Nawata, H. Extinct Species and Humans. The First RIHN Kids Seminar, 2010.08.23, RIHN, Kyoto. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. A Future Proposal: Our Livelihoods during the Oil Boom. The Second Public Symposium of RIHN Ecohistory Program, 2010.08.22, The Museum of Kyoto. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B., Nawata, H., and Jia, R. Land surface characteristics retrieval using ALOS PALSAR polarization in along the Red Sea coastal. 38th COSPAR Scientifoc Assembly of the Committee on Space Research, 2010.07.18-2010.07.25, Bremen, Germany.

Nawata, H. Nature Conservation through Cooperative Work with Foreign Workers: About Herding Issue in and around the Nature Reserve of the Juniper Woodlands. the 47th Annual Meeting, Japan Association for African Studies, 2010.05.30, Nara City Hall, Nara. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B. Extracting ground surface characteristics in Red Sea coast using PARSAR (HH/HV) back scattering coefficien. Meeting of the Remote Sensing Society of Japan, 2010.05.27-2010.05.28, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Nawata, H. Traditional Natural Resource Use and Conservation of Juniper Woodlands in the Arabian Peninsula: A Case Analysis of Raydah Nature Reserve, Southwestern Saudi Arabia. The 26th Annual Meeting, Japan Association for Middle East Studies, 2010.05.19, Chuo University, Hino-city, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Exploitation and Conservation of Middle East Tree Resources in the Oil Era. the 26th Annual Meeting, Japan Association for Middle East Studies, 2010.05.09, Chuo University, Hino-city, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. Forest destruction and improved kitchen range in southern edge of Sahara - Efficiency in practical use. The 26th Meeting of Annual Meeting of JAMES, 2010.05.08-2010.05.09, Chuo University, Tokyo.

Nakamura, R. Direct and Environmental Uses of Mangrove Resources on Kilwa Island, Southern Swahili Coast, Tanzania. The 26th Meeting of Annual Meeting of JAMES, 2010.05.08-2010.05.09, Chuo University, Tokyo.

Nawata, H. Islam and Nature Reserve Management: Rehabilitation of the Traditional Resource Management System Hima in the Arabian Peninsula. The 19th Annual Meeting, Japan Association for Nilo-Ethiopian Studies, 2010.04.17, Meisei Univesity, Hino-city, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. A study on the afforestation model program as struggle against the desertification :A case study on environmental NGO's project in Chad-. The 46th Annual Meeting, Japan Association for African Studies, 2009.05.23-2009.05.24, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Why do We Focus on Sharing Research Results with Local Peoples?. Open Symposium "Some Issues for Sharing Research Results with Local Peoples: Focusing on Local Languages and Degital Media". The 18th Annual Meeting, Japan Association for Nilo-Ethiopian Studies, 2009.04.25, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Publishing Retrospect and Prospect of Mangrove Afforestation and Study in Dryland Environments in Arabic and English. Open Symposium "Some Issues for Sharing Research Results with Local Peoples: Focusing on Local Languages and Degital Media", The 18th Annual Meeting, Japan Association for Nilo-Ethiopian Studies, 2009.04.25, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Human-Camel Relationships on the Coastal Zone of the Arid Tropics. The 266th Meeting "Geography and Area Studies in Human-Animal Relationships", The Human Geographical Society of Japan, 2009.04.18, Osaka. (in Japanese)

Shimada, Y. How will You Live after Finishing Oil Resources?. Open Seminar for the Public "How will You Live after Finishing Oil Resources?", 2009.04.17, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan. (in Japanese)

Kobori, I. and Horie, K. New Trends on Qanat Studies. the ninth conference of International Dryland Development Commission (IDDC), 2008.11.07-2008.11.10, Alexandria, Egypt.

Kobori, I. Comparative Study of QANAT in the Islamic World. RIHN International Symposium "The Hydrological Cycle and Adaptive Water Management: Experience across Asia", 2010.03.08, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan.

Laureano, P. The Uses of Traditional Knowledge for Water Management in the Oases and City-oases of Sahara and Yemen to Cope with Global Crises. RIHN International Symposium "The Hydrological Cycle and Adaptive Water Management: Experience across Asia", 2010.03.08, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan.

Nawata, H. Camels as Natural Desalination Device: A Case Study of Traditional Water Mangement in the Coastal Zone of the Arid Tropics. RIHN International Symposium "The Hydrological Cycle and Adaptive Water Management: Experience across Asia", 2010.03.08, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan.

Kobori, I. Comparative Study of QANAT in the Islamic World. International Symposium at WASEDA University THE CULTURES OF WATER MANAGEMENT: CIVILIZATIONS AND ENVIRONMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST, 2010.03.06, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.

Laureano, P. The Uses of Traditional Knowledge for Water Management in the Oases and City-oases of Sahara and Yemen to Cope with Global Crises. International Symposium at WASEDA University THE CULTURES OF WATER MANAGEMENT: CIVILIZATIONS AND ENVIRONMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST, 2010.03.06, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.

Hakoyama, F. Provision of Drinking Water in the Sahel Region. International Symposium at WASEDA University THE CULTURES OF WATER MANAGEMENT: CIVILIZATIONS AND ENVIRONMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST, 2010.03.06, Waseda University, Tokyo, Japan.

Nakamura, R. Comparative Study on Western Indian Ocean World: Fishing Culture in Lamu Archipelago, Northern Kenya. Afro-Eurasia Civilizations: The 2nd International Workshop, 2010.01.23-2010.01.24, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan. (in Japanese)

Sakata, T. Camels as Working Animals. Afro-Eurasia Civilizations: The 2nd International Workshop, 2010.01.23-2010.01.24, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Fishing, Pastoral, and Agricultural Cultures along the Marine Silkroad. Comparative Study on Early Agriculture and Pastoral Cultures in Silkroad, 2010.01.15, Kyoto. (in Japanese)

Nishimoto, S. and Nawata, H. Investigations to al-Tur, Sinai, Egypt in 2009: Restoration of the Modern House No. 33. Project Meeting of Arab-Subsistence Project, 2009.12.16, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan. (in Japanese)

Yoshikawa, K., Inoue, M., Yoshimori, I., Miyamoto C., Nakashima, A., Teraminami, T., Takayama, H., Matsuo, N., Banjou, R. The 2009 Activity Report of Mangrove Survey Team. Project Meeting of Arab-Subsistence Project, 2009.12.16, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan. (in Japanese)

Jia, R. Remote Sensing Methods for Mesquite (Prosopis spp.) Control. Project Meeting of Arab-Subsistence Project, 2009.12.16, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan. (in Japanese)

Kobori, I. Desertfication and Sustainable Development in the Algerian Sahara: Field Surveys in Tidikelt. Sustainable Development in Algerian Sahara, 2009.12.15, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan.

Benkhalifa, A. My Experience to Biodiversity Actions in Algeria. Sustainable Development in Algerian Sahara, 2009.12.15, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan.

Nakamura, R. Maritime Environments and Multi-ethnic Coexistence in Swahili Society: The Current Situation of the Former Islamic Kingdom, Kilwa Island, Southern Tanzania. JSPS AA Science Platform Program, Religious Dynamics of Contemporary Africa concerning the destruction of Traditional Life Mode and New Religious Movement, 2009.12.13-2009.12.15, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan.

Hoshino, B. Remote Sensing Methods for Mesquite (Prosopis spp.) Control. JSPS AA Science Platform Program, Religious Dynamics of Contemporary Africa concerning the destruction of Traditional Life Mode and New Religious Movement, 2009.12.13-2009.12.15, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan.

Ishiyama, S. Agriculture céréalière et mobilité humaine a la région du Lac Tchad. JSPS AA Science Platform Program, Religious Dynamics of Contemporary Africa concerning the destruction of Traditional Life Mode and New Religious Movement, 2009.12.13-2009.12.15, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan. (in French)

Hoshino, B., Nawata, H., Jia, R. and Elbasit, M. A. Remote sensing methods for mesquite (Prosopis spp.) change detection. JSPS AA Science Platform Program-RIHN Project Joint Seminar, Towards a Sustainable Management of the Noxious Weeds Mesquite (Prosopis spp.)and Striga Hermonthica in Sub Saharan Africa, 2009.11.10-2009.11.11, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan.

Babiker, A. G. T,. El Tayeb, N. M. and Ahmed, E. A. Mesquite (Prosopis juliflora): Experience, lessons and the way forwards in Sudan. JSPS AA Science Platform Program-RIHN Project Joint Seminar, Towards a Sustainable Management of the Noxious Weeds Mesquite (Prosopis spp.)and Striga Hermonthica in Sub Saharan Africa, 2009.11.10-2009.11.11, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan.

Nawata, H. Towards an integrated plan for mesquite management: A response to a request from the local people of southen Tokar in the early 1990s . JSPS AA Science Platform Program-RIHN Project Joint Seminar, Towards a Sustainable Management of the Noxious Weeds Mesquite (Prosopis spp.)and Striga Hermonthica in Sub Saharan Africa, 2009.11.10-2009.11.11, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan.

Ahmed, E. A. and Babiker, A. G. T. Efficacy of some selected herbicides on mesquite [Prosopis juliflora (Swartz) DC]. JSPS AA Science Platform Program-RIHN Project Joint Seminar, Towards a Sustainable Management of the Noxious Weeds Mesquite (Prosopis spp.)and Striga Hermonthica in Sub Saharan Africa, 2009.11.10-2009.11.11, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan.

Fujii, Y. How to get on mesquite (Prosopis juliflora): Allelopathic activity and how to use as useful natural resources. JSPS AA Science Platform Program-RIHN Project Joint Seminar, Towards a Sustainable Management of the Noxious Weeds Mesquite (Prosopis spp.)and Striga Hermonthica in Sub Saharan Africa, 2009.11.10-2009.11.11, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Sudan.

Nakamura, R. Spirit (jini) and Magic (uchawi) Beliefs in Kilwa Island, Southern Swahili Coast, Tanzania. JSPS AA Science Platform Program, Religious Dynamics of Contemporary Africa concerning the destruction of Traditional Life Mode and New Religious Movement, 2009.10.10, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan.

Ishiyama, S. Importence de culture decrue dams un milieu musulman au sud du lac Tchad. JSPS AA Science Platform Program, Religious Dynamics of Contemporary Africa concerning the destruction of Traditional Life Mode and New Religious Movement, 2009.10.10, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan. (in French)

Shimada, Y. Introduction of Religious Dynamics of Contemporary Africa concerning the Destruction of Traditional Life Mode and New Religious. JSPS AA Science Platform Program, Religious Dynamics of Contemporary Africa concerning the destruction of Traditional Life Mode and New Religious Movement, 2009.10.10, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan.

Nawata, H. Why do I Study Camel-Dependent Lifestyles in Arab Societies?: To Combat Livelihood Degradation for the Post-Oil Era. RIHN Ecohistory Programme International Symposium "Towards the Future of Civilization: 3 Science Fiction Novelists Dialogue at the R.I.H.N, 2009.08.28-2009.08.29, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan.

Nakamura, R. Maritime Environments of the Swahili Coastal Civilizations. The 16th Congress of The International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 2009.07.27-2009.07.31, Yunnan University, Kunming, China.

Laureano, P. Traditional water technology in dry land. The 16th Congress of The International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 2009.07.27-2009.07.31, Yunnan University, Kunming, China.

Shimada, Y. General Presentation: Afro-Eurasian Inner Dry Land Civilizations. The 16th Congress of The International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 2009.07.27-2009.07.31, Yunnan University, Kunming, China.

Nawata, H. Human-camel relationships in the coastal zones of the arid tropics: A case study of the Beja on the Red Sea coast in eastern Sudan. The 16th Congress of The International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 2009.07.27-2009.07.31, Yunnan University, Kunming, China.

Ishiyama, S. Human mobility in the Sub-Sahara arid land:Southward Migration of Kanemubu and drought in Lake Chad region. The 16th Congress of The International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences, 2009.07.27-2009.07.31, Yunnan University, Kunming, China.

Nakamura, R. Ecological Basics in Kilwa Island, Southern Swahili Coast. International Workshop on Afro-Eurasia Inner Dryland Civilizations, 2009.07.19-2009.07.20, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan.

Ishiyama, S. Reevaluation on human mobility of the Sub-Sahara arid land: Southward Migration of Kanemubu and drought in Lake Chad region. Afro-Eurasia Civilizations: The 1st International Workshop, 2009.07.18-2009.07.20, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan.

Nawata, H. A Study of “Nariwai (Subsistence)” for the Post-oil Era. The 43rd Annual Meetings, Japanese Society of Cultural Anthropology, 2009.05.31, Osaka. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Subsistence and Local Development on the Coastal Zone of the Arid Tropics. The 43rd Annual Meeting, Japanese Society of Cultural Anthropology, 2009.05.31, Osaka. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. Mangrove Inland Sea Reagional Society: Case Study on the Kilwa Island, Swahili Coast. The 43rd Annual Meetings, Japanese Society of Cultural Anthropology, 2009.05.30-2009.05.31, Osaka. (in Japanese)

Ishiyama, S. Desertification and afforestation :A case study on sub-Sahara region. The 43rd Annual Meetings, Japanese Society of Cultural Anthropology, 2009.05.30-2009.05.31, Osaka. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. The Problem of Mesquite in the Sudan. The 46th Annual Meeting, Japan Association for African Studies, 2009.05.23, Toyko. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. How will You Live after Finishing Oil Resources?. Open Seminar for the Public "How will You Live after Finishing Oil Resources?", 2009.04.17, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto, Japan. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Getting along with Arab Ordinary Peoples: Muslim Societies form Anthropological Perspectives. Meeting of Iwate Islamic Archaeology, 2009.02.07, Kitakami. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Human-Camel Relationships and World-View with Livestock on the Coastal Zone of the Arid Tropics. Meeting for Human and Livestock Study, 2008.12.07, Obirin University, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Babiker, A.G.T. Mesquite (Prosopis spp.): Experience and lessons and the way forward in Sudan. 150th Meeting of African Area Studies, Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, 2008.12.01, Kyoto.

Ibrahim, Ahmed Eltayeb Ahmed Sudan University of Science and Technology: Past, Present and Future. 150th Meeting of African Area Studies, Center for African Area Studies, Kyoto University, 2008.12.01, Kyoto.

Ishiyama, S. La migration ‘Kanemubu’ vers le sud a la region du Lac Tchad. 40 ans derecherche japonaise au Nord Cameroun à la mémoire d’Eldridge Mohammadou et P.K. Eguchi, 2008.11.29, Muna Hall, Yaoundé, Cameroon. (in French)

Nawata, H. Mangroves as Fish Nursery and Forage Safekeeping in Coastal Zones of the Arid Tropics. the ninth conference of International Dryland Development Commission (IDDC), 2008.11.07-2008.11.10, Alexandria, Egypt.

Shimada, Y. Reconsidering Animal Power as the Basis of Afro-Eurasian Dryland Civilizations. the ninth conference of International Dryland Development Commission (IDDC), 2008.11.07-2008.11.10, Alexandria, Egypt.

Nakamura, R. Local Mangrove Resource Use of Kilwa Island in Southern Swahili Coast. the ninth conference of International Dryland Development Commission (IDDC), 2008.11.07-2008.11.10, Alexandria, Egypt.

Onuma, H. The Master Plan for the Restoration, Conservation, and Management of Mangrove in theSultanate of Oman. Mangroves in Drylands: Seeking ways to clarify social ecosystems andto strengthen subsistence productivities,, 2008.07.23-2008.07.24, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Kishi, A. A Conservation Plan for Dugong along the Northeastern Coast of the Red Sea in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Mangroves in Drylands: Seeking ways to clarify social ecosystems and to strengthen subsistence productivities, 2008.07.23-2008.07.24, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Baba, S. A Gap between Practitioners and Researchers on Mangrove from My Ten Years of Experience on the Ground. Mangroves in Drylands: Seeking ways to clarify social ecosystems and to strengthen subsistence productivities, 2008.07.23-2008.07.24, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Kogo, M. Study and Activities on Mangrove Afforestation in Myanmar. Mangroves in Drylands: Seeking ways to clarify social ecosystems and to strengthen subsistence productivities, 2008.07.23-2008.07.24, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Akimichi, T. Mangrove in Southern Thailand. Mangroves in Drylands: Seeking ways to clarify social ecosystems and to strengthen subsistence productivities, 2008.07.23-2008.07.24, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Miyamoto, C. Study and Activities on Mangrove Afforestation in Vietnam. Mangroves in Drylands: Seeking ways to clarify social ecosystems and to strengthen subsistence productivities, 2008.07.23-2008.07.24, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Nawata, H. Introduction:Towards an integrated plan to control an exotic species mesquite. Towards an integrated plan to control an exotic species mesquite (Prosopis spp.), 2008.05.12-2008.05.13, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Sugimoto, Y. Physiologyand ecology of root parasitic plants. Towards an integrated plan to control an exotic species mesquite (Prosopis spp.), 2008.05.12-2008.05.13, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Abdalla M. A. Abu Sin My research and development planfor nomadic people in Butana, central Sudan. Towards an integrated plan to control an exotic species mesquite (Prosopis spp.), 2008.05.12-2008.05.13, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Babiker, A.G.T. Mesquite (Prosopis spp.): Experience and lessons and the way forward in Sudan. Towards an integrated plan to control an exotic species mesquite (Prosopis spp.), 2008.05.12-2008.05.13, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Fujii, Y. Allelopathyof mesquite (Prosopis juliflora). Towards an integrated plan to control an exotic species mesquite (Prosopis spp.), 2008.05.12-2008.05.13, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Sakata, T. Approachesfrom comparative nutritional physiology. Towards an integrated plan to control an exotic species mesquite (Prosopis spp.), 2008.05.12-2008.05.13, RIHN, Kyoto, Japan.

Abdalla M. A. Abu Sin Development and Culture. , 2008.05.08, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan.

【Poster Presentation】

Ishiyama, S. Humanistic Approaches of Arab Subsistence Project, RIHN - A case of Algerian Sahara field Survey. International Workshop on Humanistic Approaches towards Global Environmental Change, 2013.03.16-2013.03.17, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan.

Nawata, H., S. Nishimoto, Y. Yasuoka, A. Yasuoka, and Y. Shindo Architectural and Anthropological Survey on Coral Buildings in Sinai Peninsula, Egypt. 12th International Coral Reef Symposium, July 2012, Cairns, Australia.

Ishiyama, S., H. Nawata, Mutasim Mekki Mahmoud Elrasheed, and Mussab Hassan Abbass A Study of Traditional Rainfed Agriculture in African Semiarid Area. 23rd Annual meeting of The Japanese Association for Arid Land Studies, 2012.05.26-2012.05.27, ObihiroCity, Hokkaido, Japan. (in Japanese)

Ishihara, A., I. Yoshimori, A. Seo, and K. Yoshikawa Genetic diversity of gray mangrove Avicennia marina(Forssk.) Vierh. in the Red Sea Coast. The 123th Japanese Forest Society, 2012.03.26-2012.03.29, Utsunomiya University. (in Japanese) HerAnnouncement

Ando-Mizobata, N., Ichikawa, K., Arai, N. and Adulyanukosol, K. Daily patterns of vocal characteristics of dugongs in Thailand. 19th biennial conference on the biology of marine mammals, 2011.11.27-2011.12.02, Tampa, Florida, USA.

Damiani, G., Ichikawa, K. and Lanyon, J. Acoustic characteristics of dugong vocalizations and vocal behaviour of herds in southern Queensland, Australia. 19th biennial conference on the biology of marine mammals, 2011.11.27-2011.12.02, Tampa. Florida.

Hoshino, B., Jia, R., Nawata, H., Karamalla Abdelaziz, Yoda, K., and A.T. Babiker Retrieve the soil moisture from RADAR Backscattering co-efficient using ALOS/PALSAR polarization (HH/VV) data. 38th COSPAR Scientific Assembly of the Committee on Space Research, 2010.07.18-2010.07.25, Bremen, Germany.

Hoshino, B., Karamalla Abdelaziz, Jia, R., Nawata, H., and A.T. Babiker Remote sensing method for mesquite (Prosopis spp.) cotrol in coastal area of Red Sea. 38th COSPAR Scientific Assembly of the Committee on Space Research, 2010.07.18-2010.07.25, Bremen, Germany.

Nakamura, R. Fish Culture in Swahili Maritime Society: Inland Sea Fishery originated in the Bantu and Open Sea Fishery originated in the Arab in Kilwa Island, Southern Tanzania Coast. The 46th Research Meetings of Japan Association for African Studies, 2009.05.23-2009.05.24, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo, Japan. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. A Study of Human Subsistence Ecosystems in Arab Societies: To Combat Livelihood Degradation for the Post-oil Era. Seventh Seminar of Inter-Civilization Dialogue between Japan and the Islamic World, Eighth Seminar of Development of Islamic Ideology, "Harmonization of Civilization with Environments", 2009.03.11-2009.03.12, Kuwait.

Yoshikawa, K., Yamaguchi, Y. and Hayashi, S. Ecological and Genetical Studies of Mangrove (Avicennia marina) Forests in the Sultanate of Oman. the ninth conference of International Dryland Development Commission (IDDC), 2008.11.07-2008.11.10, Alexandria, Egypt.

Nawata, H. Food Habitat in the Coastal Zones of the Arid Tropics. the 11th International Coral Reef Symposium "Reefs for the Future", 2008.07.07-2008.07.11, Fort Lauderdale, Florida,USA..

【Invited Lecture / Honorary Lecture / Panelist】

Nawata, H. A Bridge between 'Knowledge' in Japan and 'Tradtion' in Sudan: To combat a negative heritage of combating desertification. International Biennial of Cultural and Landscape Heritage, November 2012, Florence, Italy.

Hakoyama, F. Sustainability of water and sanitation situation in the Sahel Region. World Water Forum, 2012.03.12, Marseille, France.

Horie, K. A Woman of Inberber lived in Sahara. , March 2012, The Embassy of Algeria in Tokyo.

Yoshikawa, K. Ecology and physiology of gray mangrove a long Red Sea coast. Open seminar of Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University, 2012.01.24, Arid Land Research Center, Tottori. (in Japanese)

Ozaki, K. Food and Medicine in the Arab Islamic World. Public Lecture on Islamic Culture held by the Institute of Oriental Philosophy, 2011.09.27, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Horie, K. A Woman of Islamic World. , May 2011, Tokyo SHIGAKU KAIKAN.

Ozaki, K. Diffusion of Arabic Food in the Medieval Europe. Research Meeting on Medieval Islamic held by the Institute of Oriental Philosophy, 2011.04.16, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Nakamura, R. Comparative Study on the Mangrove Culture in the Western Indian Ocean World: Tanzania, Kenya and Egypt. 16th Anual Meeting of Japan Association for Mangroves, 2010.11.06-2010.11.07, Toyko University of Agriculture, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Hoshino, B. Is the earth dry? – from a view point of nature and life in Afro-Eurasia. Public forum "Changing global environment part 1", 2010.10.23, .  JICA, Sapporo

Yoda, K. Water transport in trees. , 2010.10.14, Rakuno Gakuen University.

Nawata, H. Global environment problems in post-oil era. , 2010.09.17, Amagasaki,Hyogo, Department of international understanding, Hyogo Hanshin Senior college.

Ishiyama, S. Let’s ask about global environment to scientists. Integrated study, Harano Kyoto municipal elementary school, 2010.09.02, RIHN, Kyoto.

Nawata, H. General description of Sudan. Pre-assignment training for human resources for international cooperation (experts), 2010.06.25, Training Center for International Cooperation.

Abdelaziz Karamalla Gaiballa, Hoshino, B. Environmental problems in eastern Sudan. , 2010.06.09, Fuji Women's University.

Abdelaziz Karamalla Gaiballa Environment/resource and social problems in Sudan. , 2010.06.08, Rakuno Gakuen University, Ebetsu sity.

Abdelaziz Karamalla Gaiballa Environment/resource and social problems in Sudan. , 2010.06.08, Nohoro community center, Ebetsu sity.

Ishiyama, S. Cultural anthropology- Let's study life in arid lands in Africa. People in savanna, people in oasis. Department of Environmental Systems Science, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University, 2010.05.07, Faculty of Science and Engineering, Doshisha University.

Nawata, H. General description of Sudan. Pre-assignment training for human resources for international cooperation (experts), 2010.04.19, Training Center for International Cooperation.

Hakoyama, F. Greetings from organizer. Peace forum in Hokkaido "6 years since Iraq war- Bravery to stand against it. Young men resisting war in America", 2010.03.13, El Plaza, Sapporo.

Nawata, H. Global environmental problems and Japan-Middle-East relationship in post-oil era. Department of international understanding, Hyogo Hanshin Senior college, 2010.02.12, Amagasaki, Hyogo.

Hakoyama, F. About peace. Staff training course of Hokkaido Catholic federation, 2009.11.26-2009.11.27, Fuji Women's University.

Hakoyama, F. Force doesn't bring peace. Tokachi peace front forum, 2009.09.10, .

Hakoyama, F. Overall host. "Messages to Africa from the north-before the "Year of Africa" UNDP/JICA, 2009.08.27, Hotel Ohkra, Sapporo.

Hakoyama, F. Discussions on educational problems in Japan through current status of the children in the world. Shiribeshi mother and female teacher's meeting "40th meeting of mother and female teachers-(Theme "More lithely, more strongly- in the hope for children's happiness") ", 2009.07.04, Public center, Tomari village.

Nawata, H. Japanese symbiotic relationship between human and nature, Satoyama. Seventh Seminar of Inter-Civilization Dialogue between Japan and the Islamic World, Eighth Seminar of Development of Islamic Ideology, "Harmonization of Civilization with Environments", 2009.03.11, Kuwait.

Nawata, H. Adaptive Mechanisms and Survival Strategies of Afician Pastoralists A Case of the Beja in Eastern Sudan. Open Seminar "Grassland Ecosystems and Pastoralists' Grassland Use in the World", Global COE Program "Animal Global Health", 2009.01.29, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Obihiro. (in Japanese)

Nawata, H. Environmental Conservation with Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Community Participation: Hima in the Middle East and Satoyama in Japan. "Egypt-Japan Seminar on Environmental Management," Co-organized by Ain Shams University/ Japan Foundation/ Embassy of Japan, 2010.03.18, Cairo, Egypt.

Nawata, H. Environmental Conservation with Traditional Ecological Knowledge and Community Participation: Hima in the Middle East and Satoyama in Japan. "Balancing Industrial Development and the Environment: Making the Best Use of Local Knowledge and Indigenous Practices," Co-organized by Public Commission for the Protection of Marine Resources, Environment & Wildlife. General Directorate of Environment & Wildlife Protection/ Japan Foundation/ Embassy of Japan, 2010.03.16, Kingdom of Bahrain.

Hoshino, B. Remote sensing method of alien species (plants) degradation detection. , 2009.12.23, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty.