Full Research

Project No.R-04
Project NameEnvironmental Change and Infectious Disease in Tropical Asia
Abbreviated TitleThe RIHN Ecohealth Project
Project LeaderMOJI, Kazuhiko
Research AxisResources
Key Wordsecohealth, environmental change, infectious disease, malaria, liver fluke, filariasis, water-borne diseases, tropical monsoon Asia


○Research Subject and Objectives

We naturally and naively think that both environment and health are important. We imaginably and instinctively know that they are mutually linked positively; good health is being sustained by sound environment, and sound environment is indispensable for good health. But, the contrary happened in the past if we see the phenomena in the global level as shown below. The profound issue of "global health and global environment" is the lack of novel health concept suitable for the era of global environmental changes. We are stuck in the 20th century's health and development model. This RIHN project would like to propose "ecohealth" as the novel concept of environment and health for the future relation of humanity and nature.


In the last 200 years or so, especially in the 20th century, human health and hygiene indicators such as life expectancy and sanitation coverage improved dramatically (Riley, 2001), while the global environment has been deteriorated under the name of "development". Life expectancy is longer in the developed countries than the developing (or under-developed) countries, whereas ecological footprint or burden to the local, regional, and global environment is much bigger in the developed countries. According to the 20th-century's health and development model, development was thought as the solution for ill-health and poor hygiene. In this model, to be developed, to be industrialized, to be market-oriented, to be rich, to be clean, and to be healthy are thought as the inseparable, achievable and desirable goal, progress, and virtue for the human society as well as for the human life.


Innovation in science and technology, especially in the medical field, promoted this model. The modern health concept, that health is scientifically and objectively measurable, thus universal, pervaded . With the modern health concept, people started to be aware of their health, and put the value on it. Diseases became the problem which should be treated scientifically by trained specialist. Laymen were not allowed to raise objections against the decision of specialists. Then, the medical-oriented approach dominated the national and international health realm. Even the "Health for All by the Year 2000" and the "Primary Health Care (PHC)" advocated by World Health Organization (WHO) and UNICEF rely too much on the universal medical measures. The world believed that there is the universal and common goal of human health, and that the measures to attain it should be same. Control of infectious diseases such as malaria and filariasis was conducted by the standardized method all over the world. The medical-oriented approach based on the modern health concept was very successful in some parts and less successful in other aspects and areas. The outcome is the present world health situation.


While we (or some of us) are enjoying prosperity and health, there are large and ever-widening health divide/gap between rich and poor countries, and between rich and poor people within a country. To make things worse, the medical-oriented approach, being once thought as successful in the well-off countries, started to be less successful. With the demographic and societal changes, medical expense is rapidly increasing, and the medical service provision system is no more sustainable without further economic development. Should we count on further economic development? Does wealth enhance health in developed countries? The effect seems doubtful, witnessing the worldwide pandemic of obesity and other lifestyle-related diseases.


Limitation of the 20th-century's health and development model is now well-recognized. It does not pay attention to the environmental costs. It does not have the long-term sustainable view of the global level. Facing with the global environmental change (GEC), we need to change our way of life to mitigate GEC and adapt our societies to the coming GEC. We need to have the 21st-century's health and environment model. In order to do so the RIHN Ecohealth Project thought that we need to rethink the modern health concept itself.


Medical science, which is the foundation of the modern health concept, operationally see a living organism as an individual entity relatively independent from environment. it is prone to neglect personal historical experiences. Otherwise, medical science cannot deal it objectively. Medical science examines human itself with the same manner as examining cells, tissues, organs, or systems. We need not to blame medical science because of these. But, health concept in the 21st Century should not be based only on the medical science. As human health is related strongly with their ecosystem/environment, we should see human health and the ecosystem/environment as an integrated entity. This is the concept of "ecohealth"


The RIHN Ecohealth Project "Environmental Change and Infectious Disease in Tropical Asia" has conducted field researches in tropical monsoon Asia In summary, the field findings would be interpreted as follows: The health profile of a human population is a product of the human ecosystem (social-ecological system). Therefore, environment and health should not be separately studies. It should be recognized as an entity of ecohealth. From this viewpoint, ecohealth is unique for each ecosystem and each population. This means that strategies to promote good health should be unique for each ecosystem/environment. This view is very different from the universal goal and strategy of medical-oriented health.


What is needed now is, while understanding the diversity and uniqueness of local and regional ecohealth, to pursue the universal goal of sustainable global health for all. The project could not reach to this point. The project, however, accumulated the field data to elucidate the linkages between environmental changes and human infectious diseases in various setting of the tropical monsoon Asia. We think that this diversity of ecohealth itself characterizes the tropical monsoon Asia. The RIHN Ecohealth Project established good platforms and networks of ecohealth in this region. Using these platforms and networks, the project members both inside and outside Japan shall expand and deepen the scientific understanding and education/communication of ecohealth in this region.

○Progress and Results in 2019

The project has conducted field researches in Lao PDR, Vietnam, Bangladesh, and southern China in collaboration with various government and non-government institutions and projects. Main topics studied in Lao PDR were liver fluke and malaria infection in Savannakhet province. In the final report, we focused on conferences and meetings where the project results were presented.


Ⅰ. Studies in Lao P.D.R. : 1) National Institute of Public Health, Ministry of Health (NIOPH) and Savannakhet (SVK) Provincial Health Department were the major counterparts In Lao P.D.R. Japanese Consortium of Lao Health Research (JC-HR- Lao) was established and meetings were held 3 times in Japan with the participation of Lao counterparts 2) Since 2007 (the PR period), NIOPH organized the National Health Research Forum (NHRF) annually in collaboration with the RIHN Ecohealth Project. The NHRF is the first annual international gathering in the field of public health in Lao, offering the very unique and good opportunities especially for young Lao researchers and health staff. The number of participants were around 150. 3) The 6th NHRF was held in Savannakhet in September 2012. Many young researchers from NIOPH and health staff from the district level of SVK province participated in the forum. Some made poster presentation. 4) Results of the project study in the Lahanam HDSS (Health and Demographic Surveillance System) covering 7,000 people, and in the Sepon HDSS covering 4,500 people were reported. 5) By introducing the finger-vein bio-metric identification to the HDSSs (2012), linkage among various epidemiological data sets became feasible both in Lahanam and Sepon. 6) These HDSS sites are the first two HDSSs in Lao, and offering the study fields for PhD and Master course students both from Lao P.D.R. and Japan. 7) Follow-up parasitological stool examination for school children/students and their parents in Lahanam was conducted together with ecohealth education in schools. The same operation will be done in Sepon in March 2013. 8) Environmental liver fluke egg contamination study was advanced applying the environmental DNA analysis and the water analysis for E.coli. 9 ) Hazard map of potential Ov infection based on distribution of intermediate host snails in the water body was advanced. 10) Village health volunteers and health staff are getting active through the mobile-phone network and training/communication meetings. The fund for constructing the Sepon VHV training center is under review in MOFA, Japan. 11) Fact-finding investigation for bed-net use was conducted. 12) In the national level, in collaboration with Lao National University Faculty of Education, ecohealth curriculum and proposed and pre-tested. 13) The national first study on HIV and sexual behavior of sex workers were done in SVK in collaboration with National Center for Global Health and Medicine (NCGM). The Asia HIV/AIDS Research Network Meetings were held in 2011 and 2013. 14) Water quality map making was started in SVK covering all the health centers. 15) Research funds for continuing the similar studies were obtained. Then, the ecohealth study in SVK based on HDSS will continue.


Ⅱ. Studies in Vietnam (with the Khan Phu Malaria Research Center, Quang Tri Province)

1) The RIHN Ecohealth Project supported the multidisciplinary study in Khan Phu Malaria (ACHIEVEMENTS IN FULL RESEARCH, CONTINUED 1)

Research Center, by hosting the first Vietnam-Japan symposium on monkey forest malaria in 2010. Then, the JSPS AA-platform program was started. The two project collaborated and advanced the integrated malaria study in this area. The 2nd symposium was held in Nha Tran in February 2012 and the third one in Inuyama in December 2012. 2) The Border malaria control and joint research is now active between Sepon, SVK, Lao P.D.R. and Quang Tri, Vietnam. 3) Malaria study in Quang Tri Province, Vietnam was conducted and data on Lao patients were also collected. 4) Entomological study collaboration was started between Lao P.D.R. and Vietnam. 5) DNA of monkey malaria Pk was found in Vietnam and in Lao. But, we could not find monkey malaria Pk itself from human in these countries. This is very different from east Malaysia. 6) The Japan-Vietnam (and Lao) research team will continue to make this research after finishing the RIHN project.


Ⅲ. Bangladesh: Climate change and human health : Bangladesh International Symposium on Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs) were held in 2008, 2010, and 2012 in Dhaka. The project contributed much for this. 2) Japanese Consortium for Bangladesh Health Research (JC-HR-Bangladesh) was established in 2012 with the name change from Filaria-Free Bangladesh (established in 2008). 3) The collaborative research with ICDDR,B (International Center for Diarrhea Disease Research, Bangladesh) on climate/weather and health was advanced. 4) Filariasis study was advanced in north-western part of Bangladesh. Savar Filaria and General Hospital was open in the suburb of Dhaka. Further collaborative study on ecohealth is planned there. 5) Ecohealth environmental community activity named "Beautiful Bangladesh Ecohealth Initiative" to control mosquitoes and flies was started. The Initiative are involving filariasis victims/patients as community workers. 6) The project collaborated with the SATREPS Leishmaniasis Project in Bangladesh. A RIHN researcher will join to this project after finishing this project.


Ⅳ. Studies in China : Biannual International Congress on Ecohealth (Ecohealth 2012) was held in October 2012 in Kunming, China. The project participated in it as the only group from Japan. 2) Ecohealth community monitoring was conducted in 10 villages in Yunnan in collaboration with YHDRA, Yunnan Health and Development Research Association. A book was published. 3) Collaboration with Chinese CDC (Center for Disease Control and Prevention), Chinese Preventive Medicine Association, Hainan Provincial CDC, Fujian Medical University, Yunnan University, Kunming Medical University was promoted. The project results were reported at the first international forum for tropical diseases and the 4th international forum for sustainable vector management. Three group of the CDC delegates visited RIHN. 4) Other infectious disease network (mainly on HIV/AIDS) with Beijing, Shanghai, Fujian were made. 5) The history team collected data/reports on disease control in China (Schistosomiasis et al .)


Ⅴ. Ecohealth profile of the tropical monsoon Asia and global environmental change: 1) The project is establishing a network of ecohealth research in the Greater Mekong Sub-regions. 2) Through this network, we will continue to find out ways to provide solution for "health and ecosystem/environment" of resource-poor people to increase their capability and preparedness for coming local and global environmental changes.

○Project Members

MOJI, Kazuhiko ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN),professor,project leader: human ecology and population health )

MASCI-TAYLOR, Nicholas CG ( Cambridge University, UK,professor,bio-anthropology )

KOBAYASHI, Shigeo ( Kyoto University, Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies,professor,agro-forestry )

IIJIMA, Wataru ( Aoyama Gakuin University Faculty of Letters,professor,history, history of disease control policies in East and Southeast Asia )

AHMED, Kamurddin ( Oita University Institute of Scientific Research,associate professor,molecular epidemiology )

HASHIZUME, Masahiro ( Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine,assistant professor,environmental epidemiology, climate change and health )

SUNAHARA, Toshihiko ( Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine,assistant professor,vector ecology and entomology )

YAMAMOTO, Taro ( Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine,professor,international health )

KOBAYASHI, Jun ( National Center for Global Health and Medicine (NCGM),group head,parasitology and international health policy )

BOUPHA, Boungnong ( National Institute of Public Health (NIOPH), Lao PDR,director/professor,public health policy )

KOUNNAVONG, Sengchanh ( Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences/NIOPH,senior researcher,maternal and child health and nutrition )

PONGVONGSA, Tiengkham ( Savannakhet Malaria Station, Lao PDR,director,malaria and parasitology )

ISLAM, Sirajul ( ICDDR, B, Bangladesh,department head,environmental microbiology )

HUNTER, Paul ( University of East Anglia, UK,professor,environmental epidemiology )

HOSSAIN, Moazzem ( Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Bangladesh/ IACIB,director, professor,epidemiology and cotrol of neglected tropical diseases )

RAHMAN, Mamudur ( IEDCR, Bangladesh,director, professor,epidemiology )

TOMITA, Shinsuke ( University of Tokyo Graduate School of Agricultural and Life Sciences,assistant professor,area study of Southeast Asia )

ASAKURA, Takashi ( Tokyo Gakugei University,professor,health sociology )

TOJO, Bunpei ( RIHN,project researcher,area study and GIS )

CAI, Guoxi ( RIHN,project researcher,social epidemiology )

NISHIMOTO, Futoshi ( RIHN,project researcher,social anthropology )

KANEKO, Satoshi ( Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine,professor,epidemiology )

ITO, Makoto ( Aichi Medical University,professor,parasitology )

FUKUSHI, Yuki ( RIHN,project researcher,Chinese history of hygiene system )

JIANG, HongWei ( RIHN,project researcher,human ecology )

IWASA, Mithuhiro ( National Museum of Ethnology,research fellow,medical anthropology and ethics )

ICHIKAWA, TOMO ( Shanghai Jiao Tong University,Lecturer,Japanese history of hygiene system )

IWASAKI, Shinpei ( RIHN/JSPS,posdoc researcher,environmental study )

WATANABE, Chiho ( University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine,professor,environmental toxiology and human ecology )

MURAYAMA, Nobuko ( Niigata University of Health and Welfare,professor,public health nutrition and human ecology )

TAKAGI, Masahiro ( Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine,professor,medical entomology )

NAKAZAWA, Shusuke ( Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine,assistant professor,malariology )

MAENO, Yoshimasa ( Fujita Health University,associate professor,moleculer biology )

WATANABE, Hisami ( Ryukyu University,professor,environmental immunology )

TSUZUKI, Ataru ( Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine,posdoc researcher,entomology and public health )

ABE, Tomoko ( Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine,posdoc researcher,public health nursing of malaria )

KANO, Shigeyuki ( NCGM Research Institute,department head,malariology )

IWAGAMI, Moritoshi ( NCGM Research Institute,research fellow,malariology )

XANGSAYARATH, Phonepadith ( Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine/NIOPH,grad student,malariology )

SOURAXAY, Phrommala ( National Institute of Public Health, Lao PDR,deputy director,public health management )

PANOM, Phongmany ( Savannakhet Provincial Health Department, Lao PDR,director,public health administiration )

SAMLANE, Phompida ( Center Of Malariology, Parasitology And Entomology, Lao PDR,director,malariology )

CRAVIOTO, Alejandro ( ICDDR, B, Bangladesh,director/professor,microbiology )

CAIRNCROSS, Sandy ( London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine,professor,tropical environment health )

WAGATSUMA, Yukiko ( Tsukuba University Graduate School of Comprehensive Human Sciences,professor,epidemiology and international health )

HAYASHI, Taiichi ( Kyoto University Diseaster Prevention Research Institute,associate professor,meteorology )

TERAO, Toru ( Kagawa University,associate professor,meteorology )

MURATA, Fumie ( Kochi University,assistant professor,meteorology )

TANIMURA, Susumu ( Hyogo Prefectural University,associate professor,spatial epidemiology )

GOTO, Kensuke ( Nagasaki University Institute of Tropical Medicine,assistant professor,disaster information studies )

TOMOKAWA, Sachi ( Shinshu University,assistant professor,health education and school health )

FARUQUE, A.S.G. ( ICDDR, Bangladesh,senior researcher,clinical chemistry )

NONAKA, Daisuke ( University of Tokyo Graduate School of Medicine,assistant professor,international health and malariology )

SATO, Megumi ( Niigata University,assistant professor,parasitology and helminthology )

AOYAGI, Kiyoshi ( Nagasaki University Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences,Professor,Hygiene and Public health )

MORITA, Eitaro ( Asia Health and Education Fund (AHEF),Secretary general,international cooperation )

KITAMURA, Hitoshi ( AHEF,President,international cooperation )

ZHANG Konglai ( Union Medical Colledge, Beijing, China,Professor,public health )

ZHANG Kaining ( Yunnan Health and Development Research Association, China,Professor,public health )

ZHOU Qiong ( Yunnan University,Professor,environmental history )

LI Yushang ( Shanghai JiaoTong University,Professor,environmental history )

MORINAKA, Koichi ( Non Profit Organization Asia Health and Education Fund,Member,International medical cooperation, Project management )

○Future Themes

Activities scheduled in FY2013: CR-1 will be conducted.


Other related projects are as follows:


1) DIAS-GRENEei Ecohealth Project (2012-2015) with the University of Tokyo 


2) Geo/Eco-health Project on Water Quality in Lao P.D.R.


On October 15-16, We shall join the 7th National Health Research Forum in Vientiane with NIOPH, and JCHR-Lao P.D.R.



Yuki FUKUSHI 2010,12 Public Health and Modern Shanghai:Social History of preventing epidemics . Ochanomizu-syoten, Tokyo, 322pp (in Japanese)

Guoxi CAI, Hua CHEN, Zhuo ZHANG 2009,10 A new influenza pandemic is coming. Tianjin Science and Technology Press, Tianjin, China, 135pp. (in Chinese)

Megumi Sato 2009,05 Application of the Ribosomal DNA based Copro-PCR for the Diaginosis of Opisthorchis Viverrini Infection in Humans. Mahidol University, Bangkok, 141 pp A thesis submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies, Mahidol University for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Tropical Medicine) on May 20, 2009

Matsuzono M, Moji K, Sirakawa C 2008,02 Anthropology and International Health Coporation(人類学と国際保健医療協力). Akashi shoten, Tokyo, 212pp. (in Japanese)

Kobayashi S et al 2008 Thinning effects and coppices regeneration at the teak (Tectona grandis) plantation in Thong Pha Phum, Thailand.. Proceedings of International Workshop on Thinning as an Essential Management Tool of Sustainable Teak Plantation. . Kasetsart University


Moazzem Hossain, Eisei Noiri,and Kazuhiko Moji 2011,02 Climate Change and Kala-Azar.. T.K.Jha & E. Noiri Editors (ed.) Kala Azar in South Asia. Springer,. Kala Azar in South Asia.. Springeer, pp.127-137.

Wataru IIJIMA 2010,12 China Maritime Customs and the context of "International" (in Japanese). Haruki WADA, Kanichi GOTO, Yoichi KIBATA (ed.) Modern East Asian History, IWANAMI Koza vol.1. Iwanami-shoten, Tokyo, Japan.

Yuki FUKUSHI, Tomo ICHIKAWA, Guoxi CAI, Wataru IIJIMA, Kazuhiko MOJI 2010,12 Research Trend for History of Eoudemics and Dister in Japan. Qiong ZHOU, Jianguo GAO (ed.) Disasters and Social Transformation in South-East CHINA (in Chinese). Yunnan UNiversity Press, KUNMING, China.

Guoxi CAI, Hua CHEN, Zhuo ZHANG and Kazuhiko MOJI. 2010,08 History of influenza A (H1N1) epidemic- infectious diseases and ecohealth,. Shaoting YIN・Junhei KUBOTA・Guoxi CAI (ed.) Chinese culture and environmen. Yunnan people’ publishing house, Kunming , Yunnan, China, pp.41-48. (in Chinese)

Yuki FUKUSHI 2010,06 Cholera prevention Movement in War-time Shanghai . Ezra F. Vogel, Kenichiro HIRANO (ed.) Society and Culture during Sino-Japanese War China . Keio Gijyuku daigaku Syuppankai (in Japanese), Tokyo, Japan.

Kobayashi, Shigeo 2010 The rehabilitation of degraded tropical forest based on secondary succession.. FAO Regional Workshop on "Advancing the Application of Assisted Natural Regeneration (ANR) for Effective Low-Cost Forest Restration". , Bohol, Philippines., pp.19-22.

Kazuhiko MOJI, Futoshi NISHIMOTO 2010 View of ECOHEALTH. RIHN (ed.) RIHN Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Studies. Kobundo.

Kazuhiko MOJI 2010 Global Environment and Health. RIHN (ed.) RIHN Encyclopedia of global environmental studies. Kobundo.

Fujihara, Y., Watanabe, T., Nagano, T., Tanaka, K. and Kojiri, T. 2009 Adapting to climate change on the water resources systems of the Seyhan River Basin in Turkey.. M. Taniguchi, W.C. Burnttt, Y. Fukushima, M. Haigh & Y. Umezawa (ed.) From Headwaters to the Ocean: Hydrological Changes and Watershed Management. Taylor and Francis, pp.257-264.

IIJIMA, W 2009 ‘Colonial Medicine and Malaria Eradication in Okinawa in the Twentieth Century: From the Colonial Model to the United States Model’. Yip Ka-che (ed.) “Disease, Colonialism, and the State: Malaria in Modern East Asia History”. Hong Kong University Press, Hong Kong, pp.61-70.

Nagano, T., Hoshikawa, K., Onishi, T., Kume, T. and Watanbe T. 2009 Long-term changes in water and salinity management in Lower Seyhan Plain, Turkey. . M. Taniguchi, W.C. Burnttt, Y. Fukushima, M. Haigh & Y. Umezawa (ed.) From Headwaters to the Ocean: Hydrological Changes and Watershed Management. Taylor and Francis, pp.313-320.

Kobayashi, Shigeo, Yarwudhi, C., Puangchit, L., Thaiutsa, B. 2008 Thinning effects and coppices regeneration at the teak (Tectona grandis) plantation in Thong Pha Phum, Thailand. Proceedings of International Workshop on Thinning as an Essential Management Tool of Sustainable Teak Plantation.. Kasetsart University..

【Translations / Joint Translations】

Moji K, Kaneda E, Matsuyama A, Komazawa D 2008,03 Rising Life Expectancy: A Global History(健康転換と寿命延長の世界誌). Meiwa shuppan, Tokyo, 236pp. Translation of James C. Riley Rising Life Expectancy: A Global History. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 241pp.

Yamamoto T, Moji K 2007 Modern Infectious Disease Epidemiology (2nd edition). Showado, Kyoto, Translation of Giesecke J . Arnold, London,


【Editing / Co-editing】

Zhang Zhuo, Cai Guoxi, Moji Kazuhiko, Wu Xiaonan, Yamamoto Taro, et al. (ed.) 2008,04 A practical handbook for preventing exposure to blood among health workers. Tianjin Science and Technology Press, Tianjin, (in Chinese) ISBN 978-7-5308-4521-9


【Original Articles】

Masahiro Hashizume, Luis Fernando Chaves, A. S. G. Faruque, Md Yunus, Kim Streatfield, Kazuhiko Moji 2013,03 A Differential Effect of Indian Ocean Dipole and El Nino on Cholera Dynamics in Bangladesh. PLoS One. 8(3). DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0060001

Miao Miao, Zenglei Wang, Zhaoqing Yang, Lili Yuan, Daniel M. Parker, Chaturong Putaporntip, Somchai Jongwutiwes, Phonepadith Xangsayarath, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Kazuhiko Moji, Trinh Dinh Tuong, Tomoko Abe, Shusuke Nakazawa, Myat Phone Kyaw, Guiyun Yan, Jeeraphat Sirichaisinthop, Jetsumon Sattabongkot, Jianbing Mu, Xin-zhuan Su, Osamu Kaneko, Liwang Cui 2013,03 Genetic Diversity and Lack of Artemisinin Selection Signature on the Plasmodium falciparum ATP6 in the Greater Mekong Subregion. PLoS One. 8(3). DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0059192

Sachi Tomokawa1, Toshio Kobayashi2, Tiengkham Pongvongsa3, Bangon Nisaygnang4, Eiko Kaneda5, Sumihisa Honda6 2012,05 RISK FACTORS FOR OPISTHORCHIS VIVERRINI INFECTION AMONG SCHOOLCHILDREN IN LAO PDR. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 43(3):574-585.

Zhang KL, Zhou JS. 2011,03 Recapturing public health sciences for HIV/AIDS in China.. Public Health.. (reviewed).

Moazzem Hassain, Eisei Noiri and Kazuhiko Moji 2011,02 Climate Change and Kala-Azar. T.K.Jha, E.Noiri (ed.) Kala-Azar in South Asia. Springer,

Hashizume M, Faruque AS, Moji K.et.al 2011,02 The Indian ocean dipole and cholera incidence in Bangladesh: a time-series analysis.. Environ Health Perspect:239-244.

Li XM, Cai GX, et al 2011,02 Investigation of community healthcare services and programmed immunization of floating children: A study in Kunming City, China. Information, An International Interdisciplinary Journal. 14(2):651-656. (reviewed).

Minematsu K, Takamura N, Goto K, Honda S, Aoyagi K, Moji K, Tsunawake N. 2011,02 A proposed method for the evaluation of body fat in Japanese adults that predicts obesity. Nutr Res. 31(2):113-121. (reviewed).

Hashizume M, Faruque ASG, Terao T, Yunus M, Streatfield K, Yamamoto T, Moji K. 2011,01 The Indian Ocean Dipole and cholera incidence in Bangladesh: A time series analysis. Environ Health Perspect.. Environ Health Perspect. 119:239-244. (reviewed).

Megumi Sato, Tippayarat Yoonuan, Surapol Sanguankiat, Supaporn Nuamtanong, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Inthava Phimmayoi, Vilayphone Phanhanan, Boungnong Boupha, Kazuhiko Moji, Jitra Waikagul 2011,01 Human Trichostrongylus colubriformis Infection in a Rural Village in Laos. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 84(1):52-54. DOI:10.4269/ajtmh.2011.10-0385

Sato M, Yoonuan T, Sanguankiat S, Nuamtanong S, Pongvongsa T, Phimmayoi I, Phanhanan V, Boupha B, Moji K, Waikagul J. 2011,01 Short report: Human Trichostrongylus colubriformis infection in a rural village in Laos.. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 84(1):52-54. (reviewed).

Wanna Maipanich1, Kittipong Chaisiri1, Tippayarat Yoonuan1, Megumi Sato2, Marcello Otage Sato3, Tiengkham Pongvongsa4, Boungnong Boupha5, Kazuhiko Moji6, Jitra Waikagul1 2011 Zoonotic Helminth Contamination of the Environment in Rural Villages of Southern Lao PDR. J Trop Med Parasitol. 34:54-61.

Hossain M, Bulbul T, Ahmed K, Ahmed Z, Salimuzzaman M, Haque MS, Ali A, Hossain S, Yamada K, Moji K, Nishizono A. 2010,11 Five-year (January 2004-December 2008) surveillance on animal bite and rabies vaccine utilization in the Infectious Disease Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.. Vaccine. 29(5):1036-1040. (reviewed).

SUN Jia-yu , CAI Guo-xi, et al 2010,08 Prevalence of Chronic Diseases and their Influencing Factors among Peasants Participating in NCMS: A Study in 4 Districts of Kunming.. China Preventive Medicine, 11(8):781-783. (reviewed).

Sato M, Sanguankiat S, Yoonuan T, Pongvongsa T, Keomoungkhoun M, Phimmayoi I, Boupa B, Moji K, Waikagul J. 2010,07 Copro-molecular identification of infections with hookworm eggs in rural Lao PDR.. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 104(9):617-622. (reviewed).

Zhang Z, Yamamoto T, Wu XN, Moji K, Cai GX, Kuroiwa C. 2010,05 Educational intervention for preventing bloodborne infection among medical students in China.. J Hosp Infect. 75(1):47-51. (reviewed).

Watanabe K, Muhoho ND, Mutua WR, Kiliku FM, Awazawa T, Moji K, Aoki Y. 2010,04 Assessment of Voiding Function in Inhabitants Infected with Schistosoma haematobium.. J Trop Pediatr. . (reviewed).

Hashizume M, Faruque ASG, Wagatsuma Y, Hayashi T, Armstrong B. Climatic 2010 components of seasonal variation: cholera incidence in Dhaka, Bangladesh. . Epidemiology 21(5):706-710. (reviewed).

Megumi Sato, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Surapol Sanguankiat, Tipparayat Yoonuan, Paron Dekumyoy, Thareerat Kalambaheti, Malaythong Keomoungkhoun, Inthava Phimmayoi, Boungnong Boupha, Kazuhiko Moji, Jitra Waikagul 2010 Copro-DNA diagnosis of Opisthorchis viverrini and Haplorchis taichui infections in an endemic area of Laos. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 41. (reviewed).

Hashizume M, Nishiwaki Y, Michikawa T, Ueda K, Onozuka D, Yokota K, Mine M, Mori A, Shimizu A, Sugimoto N, Yamamoto T. 2010 Effects of Asian Dust Events on Daily Mortality in Nagasaki, Japan.. Epidemiology 22:S130. (reviewed).

Ahmed K, Batuwanthudawe R, Chandrasena TG, Mitui MT, Rajindrajith S, Galagoda G, Pun SB, Uchida R, Kunii O, Moji K, Abeysinghe N, Nishizono A, Nakagomi O. 2009,11 Rotavirus infections with multiple emerging genotypes in Sri Lanka.. Arch Virol. 155(1):71-75. (reviewed).

Guoxi CAI, Jun KANG, Zhuo ZHANG, Taro YAMAMOTO, Kaining ZHANG and Kazuhiko MOJI 2009,10 AIDS/STD Epidemics among Cross-Border Floating Populations in South China. Journal of International Health 24(3):236-236. (reviewed).

Magafu MG, Moji K, Igumbor EU, Hashizume M, Mizota T, Komazawa O, Cai G, Yamamoto T 2009,07 Usefulness of highly active antiretroviral therapy on health-related quality of life of adult recipients in Tanzania. AIDS Patient Care STDS 23(7):563-570. (reviewed).

Uga S, Hoa NT, Noda S, Moji K, Cong L, Aoki Y, Rai SK, Fujimaki Y. 2009,06 Parasite egg contamination of vegetables from a suburban market in Hanoi, Vietnam.. Nepal Med Coll J. 11(2):75-78. (reviewed).

Guoxi CAI, Jun KANG, Ling SHEN, Xiangdong MIN, Zhunyou WU, Keming ROU ,Taro YAMAMOTO, Zhuo ZHANG, and Kazuhiko MOJI 2009,05 Assessment of a questionnaire used for an AIDS-related KABP survey among physicians in China. Information, An International Interdisciplinary Journal 12(3):721-730. (reviewed).

Abe T, Honda S, Nakazawa S, Tuong TD, Thieu NQ, Hung le X, Thuan le K, Moji K, Takagi M, Yamamoto T. 2009,01 Risk factors for malaria infection among ethnic minorities in Binh Phuoc, Vietnam.. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 40(1):18-29. (reviewed).

Hayashi, T, Terao, T., Islam, M.N., Murata and F., Yamane, Y. 2009 Rainfall Characteristics in Northeastern Indian Subcontinent during Pre-monsoon and mature Monsoon Seasons, Several Features and Future Perspective of Weather Condition in the Northeastern Region of the Indian Subcontinent. Abstracts of papers, International Workshop on Agriculture and Sustainable Development in Brahmaputra Basin, Assam. pp.55-56.

Hayashi, T., Wagatsuma Y., Terao T., and Faruque, A.S.G. 2009 Climate Change Impact on Health: Diarrhea Diseases in Bangladesh. Abstracts of papers, International Workshop on Agriculture and Sustainable Development in Brahmaputra Basin, Assam. pp.51-54.

Hashizume, M., T. Terao and N. Minakawa 2009 The Indian Ocean Dipole and malaria risk in the highlands of western Kenya. PNAS 106:1857-1862.

Kusmaningtyas, R., Kobayashi, S., Takeda, S. 2009 The impact of local community agricultural practices on livelihood security and forest degradation around the Tesso Nilo national park in Riau Province, Sumatra, Indonesia.. TROPICS 18:45-55.

E. Akca, J. Arocena, G. Kelling, T. Nagano, P. Degryse, J. Poblome, H. Cambel, G. Buyuk, T. Tumay and S. Kapur 2009 Firing Temperatures and Raw Material Sources of Ancient Hittite Ceramics of Asia Minor. Trans. Ind.. Ceram. Soc. 68(1):35-40.

Sato M, Sanguankiat S, Pubampen S, Kusolsuk T, Manipanich W, Waikagul J. 2009 Egg Laying Capacity of Haplorchis taichui (Digenea: Heterophyidae) in Humans. Korean J Parasitol 47:165-168. (reviewed).

Megumi Sato, Urusa Thaenkham, Paron Dekumyoy, Jitra Waikagul 2009 Discrimination of O. viverrini, C. sinensis, H. pumilio and H. taichui using nuclear DNA-based PCR targeting ribosomal DNA ITS regions. Acta Trop 109:81-83. (reviewed).

Hashizume M, Armstrong B, Hajat S, Wagatsuma Y, Faruque AS, Hayashi T, Sack DA. 2008,01 The effect of rainfall on the incidence of cholera in Bangladesh.. Epidemiology 19(1):103-110. (reviewed).

Zhang, K. L., R. Detels, et al 2008 China's HIV/AIDS epidemic: continuing challenges. Lancet 372(9652):1791-1793. (reviewed).

Terao, T., F. Murata, Md. N. Islam and T. Hayashi 2008 Characteristics of atmospheric disasters and rainfall in pre- and mature summer monsoon seasons over northeast India and Bangladesh. The Oxford-Kobe environment seminar: The environmental history of Europe and Japan. pp.209-218.

T.Terao, M.N.Islam, F.Murata, T.Hayashi 2008 High temporal and spatial resolution observations of meso-scale features of pre- and mature summer monsoon cloud systems over Bangladesh. Natural Hazards 44(3):341-351.

Akca, E., M. Cimrin, J. Ryan, T. Nagano, M.Topaksu, S. Kapur 2008 Differentiating the natural and man-made terraces of Lake Van. Lake and Reservoirs 13(1):83-93.

Fujihara, Y., K. Tanaka, T. Watanabe, T. Nagano, T. Kojiri 2008 Assessing the Impacts of Climate Change on the Water Resources of the Seyhan River Basin in Turkey: Use of Dynamically Downscaled Data for Hydrologic Simulations. Journal of Hydrology 353(1-2):33-48.

Sato M, Sanguankiat S, Pubampen S, Kusolsuk T. 2008 Enterobiasis: a neglected infection in adults. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 39:213-216. (reviewed).

Zhang Z, Moji K, Cai GX, Ikemoto J, Kuroiwa C 2008 Risk of sharps exposure among health science students in northeast China. BioScience Trends 2(3):105-111. (reviewed).

F.Murata, T.Terao, T.Hayashi, H.Asada, and J.Matsumoto 2008 Relationship between atmospheric conditions at Dhaka, Bangladesh, and rainfall at Cherrapunjee, India. Natural Hazards 44(3):399-410.

Hashizume M, Armstrong B, Wagatsuma Y, Faruque AS, Hayashi T, Sack DA. 2007,11 Rotavirus infections and climate variability in Dhaka, Bangladesh: a time-series analysis.. Epidemiol Infect:1-9. (reviewed).

Hashizume M, Armstrong B, Hajat S, Wagatsuma Y, Faruque AS, Hayashi T, Sack DA. 2007,10 Association between climate variability and hospital visits for non-cholera diarrhoea in Bangladesh: effects and vulnerable groups.. Int J Epidemiol 36((5)):1030-1037. (reviewed). Epub 2007 Jul 30.

Yahata Y, Imai H, Fukuda Y, Zhang Y, Satoh T, Nakao H, Moji K, Amano K 2007,09 BCG immunization age in urban and rural areas of Akita Prefecture, Japan. J Physiol Anthropol 26(5):547-551. (reviewed).

Nakamura S, Hongo R, Moji K, Oku T 2007,09 Suppressive effect of partially hydrolyzed guar gum on transitory diarrhea induced by ingestion of maltitol and lactitol in healthy humans. Eur J Clin Nutr 61(9):1086-1093. (reviewed). Epub 2007 Jan 24.

Cai G, Moji K, Honda S, Wu X, Zhang K. 2007,08 Inequality and unwillingness to care for people living with HIV/AIDS: a survey of medical professionals in Southeast China.. AIDS Patient Care STDS 21(8):593-601. (reviewed).

Guoxi Cai, Kazuhiko Moji, Xiaonan Wu and Konglai Zhang 2007,06 Knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and practices of Chinese migrants in Nairobi, Kenya and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania toward HIV⁄AIDS.. Tropical Medicine and Health 35(1):11-18. (reviewed).

Yoda T, Minematsu K, Abe T, Basuki S, Artasutra K, Dachlan YP, Moji K, Kanbara H, Rakue Y, Mizota T. 2007,03 Evaluation by villagers of the malaria control project on Lombok and Sumbawa Islands, west Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia.. Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 38(2):213-222. (reviewed).

Cai G, Chen H 2007,02 Epidemic of Infectious diseases after Indian Ocean Tsunami. Strait Journal of Preventive Medicine 13(1):60-61. (in Chinese) (reviewed).

Akter, N., Md. N. Islam, T. Terao and T. Hayashi 2007 Selection of parameterization in MM5 for the estimation of rainfall in Bangladesh. Bangladesh Journal of Physics 3:75-83.

Kobayashi, Shigeo. 2007 An overview of techniques for the rehabilitation of degraded tropical forests and biodiversity conservation. . Current Science 11:1596-1603.

Research Presentations

【Oral Presentation】

Bumpei, Tojo GIS and Ecohealth :Environment Change Analysis and Introducing Paperless System to Demographic Severance System. The 3rd national health research forum to support the health research systems strenthening in Laos, 2009.10.02-2009.10.03, Champasak, Laos.

Terao, T. Effects of Interannual Variations of SST over the Tropical Oceans on Summer Monsoon Trough and Tropical Cyclone Activity over the Western North Pacific.. IAMAS, IAPSO, IACS 2009 Joint Assenbly, 2009.07.19-2009.07.29, Montreal, Canada. (in Japanese)

Shigeo Kobayashi, Masahiro Ichikawa, Arbert Ricse, Puth Ordonez. Human Security of local community related with non-timber forest products in Pucallpa, Peru.. 第19回日本熱帯生態学会年次大会, June 2009, 堺市、大阪市大.

Terao, T., Md. N. Islam, F. Murata, Y. Yamane and T. Hayashi Diurnal variation of rainfall intensity in pre-monsoon and monsoon over Bangladesh and the Northeastern India. 2nd International Conference on Water and Flood Management, 2009.05.15-2009.05.17, The Bangladesh China Friendship Conference.

Zhang Z, Moji K, Wu XN, Zhang KL, Cai GX, Ali M, Kuroiwa C, Does a Blood-born Pathogen prevention program affect the incidence of exposure to blood?. The Unite For Sight Six Annual Global Health Conference. New Haven, Connecticut, USA, April 2009, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Tomo Ichikawa “Military Medicine and Bacteriology in Modern Japan”. International convention of Asian Scholars 6 Korea (Daejon) ,“Dialogue between Past and Present: Historical and Contemporary Research on the Disease Environment”, 2009.

Terao, T., Md. N. Islam, F. Murata, Y. Yamane and T. Hayashi Rainfall characteristics in northeastern Indian subcontinent during pre-monsoon and mature monsoon seasons. Workshop on agricultural ecosystem and sustainable development in Brahmaputra basin, 2008.12.19-2008.12.20, Guwahati University, Guwahati, India.

Hayashi, T, Wagatsuma Y., Terao T., and Faruque, A.S.G. Climate Change Impact on Health: Diarrhea Diseases in Bangladesh. International Workshop on Agriculture and Sustainable Development in Brahmaputra Basin, Assam, 2008.12.19, Department of Geography, Gauhati University, Assam, India.

F.Murata An observational plan about raindrop-size distributionat Cherrapunjee. International workshop on agricultural ecosystem and sustainable development in Brahmaputra basin, December 2008, Assam, India (Guwahati Univ.).

Shigeo Kobayashi, Vilayphone, A., Ito, M., Kourouma, S. Human security of local communities related to the utilization of fuel woods and water: a comparative case study between Laos, Southeeast Asia and Guinea, West Africa. . FORTROP II International Conference "Tropical Forestry Changing World". , November 2008, Bangkok, Kasetsart University.

M Sato, T Pongvongsa, M Keomoungkhoun, I Phimmayoi, S Sanguankiat, T Yoonuan, N Homsuwan, K Moji, J Waikagul Parasitic baseline data for implementing the control program in Lahanam village, Savannakhet province, Lao P.D.R.. 49th Meeting of Japanese Society of Tropical Medicine, 2008.10.25-2008.10.26, International Medical Center of Japan, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo.

Toru Terao and Taiichi Hayashi Reviews on climate variability and river wter management over the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna basin in norheastern Indian subcontinent. 2nd Kagawa University-Chiang Mai University Academic Symposium, 2008.10.16-2008.10.18, Kagawa University, Takamatsu, Japan.

Shigeo Kobayashi. Establishment of uneven Teak (Tectona grandis) plantation by thinning in Thom Pha Phun, Thailand.. 6th Workshop of "uneven-aged silviculture" IUFRO 1.05 group., October 2008, Shizuoka, Japan.

Tomo Ichikawa “Military Medicine and Indigenous Society in Colonial Taiwan”. Workshop "Environmental Changes and Infectious Diseases: Historical Perspective and Contemporary Issues", September 2008, Academia Sinica, TAIWAN.

CAI G, MOJI K, WU Z, ROU K, ZHANG K An Epidemiological Study on AIDS among Cross-Border Floating Population . International Convention of Asian Scholars (ICAS6), 2008.08.05-2008.08.07, Daejeon, Korea.

Shigeo Kobayashi, Miho Ito, Sekor Kourouma, Gen Yamakoshi. Human security of villagers related with fuel woods in Guinea, West Africa.. 第18回日本熱帯生態学会年次大会, June 2008, 東京、東京大学.

Guoxi CAI, Zhuo ZHANG, Taro YAMAMOTO, Konglai Zhang and Kazuhiko Moji Social Factors and AIDS in China-Mobile population and SWs. Chinese Southwestern Culture and Environmental Research Forum, 2008.05.25-2008.05.31, China Three Gorges University, Yichang, China.

Shigeo Kobayashi. Strategic approach for the sustainable land-use as forest based on the secondary succession processes.. ATBC Asian Chapter on "towards sustainable land-use in tropical Asia", April 2008, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Terao, T., Md. N. Islam, S. M. Shah-Newaz, F. Murata and T. Gridded hourly rainfall estimations over the northeastern Bangladesh using raingauge, radar and satellite data. The 6th International Symposium on Asian Monsoon System, December 2007, Acros Fukuoka, Fukuoka, Japan.

F.Murata, T.Hayashi, T.Terao, S.Karmakar An initial result of intensive upper-air observations at Dhaka, Bangladesh in July - August 2007. Joint Conference on the 6th International Symposium on Asian Monsoon System (ISAM6) and The 9th East Asian Climate Workshop (EAC9), December 2007, Fukuoka, Japan.

Kagawa M, Tahara Y, Byrne NM, Moji K, Tsunawake N Hills AP Impact of gender and maturation on anthropometric characteristics and relationship with percentage body fat estimated from underwater weighing in Japanese. The 39th Conference of the Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH), 2007.11.21-2007.11.25, Saitama, Japan.

Shigeo Kobayashi. Is the information of secondary succession process effective for rehabilitation of degraded tropical forest?. 第17回日本熱帯生態学会年次大会, June 2007, 高知、高知大学.

Kobayashi, Shigeo Rehabilitation of degraded tropical forest based on secondary succession. (Keynote address). Inagural Conference of the Asian Chapter of the Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation., March 2007, Mahabalipuram, India.

Fukushi Yuki “International Sanitary Convention (1926) and the Quarantine Regulation in Modern China”. International convention of Asian Scholars 6, Korea (Daejon) ,“Dialogue between Past and Present: Historical and Contemporary Research on the Disease Environment”, .

Moji K et al. Tropical medicine and area studies in Asia and Pacific: Integration towards the better population health of the region.. Symposium of The 21st Pacific Scientific Congress , June 2007, Okinawa, Japan. Symposium of The 21st Pacific Scientific Congress (Okinawa, Japan)

Moji K, Kaneda E, Boupha B Establishing a Demographic Surveillance System in Lao PDR as a Tool Bridging Tropical Medicine and Area Study. The 21st Pacific Scientific Congress, June 2007, Okinawa, Japan. in "Tropical medicine and area studies in Asia and Pacific: Integration towards the better population health of the region2

Moji K et al. Lao health development study in Savannakhet 2003-2007 and beyond: Making a new type long-term collaborative scheme in the field of public health sciences. Lao PDR. National Health Research Forum, September 2007, Vientiane, Lao PDR.

Moji K, Kounnavong S, et al. Lao health development study in Savannakhet 2003-2007 and beyond: Introduction of Lahanam DSS.. The 9th Annual Workshop of the Health System Research Project and the Field Laboratory of Bavi, December 2007, Hanoi, Vietnam. (in Japanese)

Moji K Global Environment and Health. Annual meeting of the Ngasaki Society of Study of Health Science, December 2007, Nagasaki, Japan.

【Poster Presentation】

Megumi Sato, Tiengkham Pongvongsa, Surapol Sanguankiat, Tipparayat Yoonuan, Nirandorn Homsuwan, Malaythong Keomoungkhoun, Inthava Phimmayoi, Sichanh Pansansy, Vongphaka Boutsyhalath, Boungnong Boupha, Kazuhiko Moji, Jitra Waikagul Diagnosis of Opisthorchis viverrini and Haplorchis taichui infections by Copro-PCR. 3rd National Health Research Forum to support the health research systems strengthening in Lao PDR, 2009.10.02-2009.10.03, Pakse, Laos.

Eitaro Morita, Tomo Ichikawa, Wataru Iijima Statistics on “Indo-China” during French Colonization“Annuaire statistique de l’Indochine”. The 3rd national health research forum to support the health research systems strenthening in Laos, October 2009, Champasak, Laos.

F.Murata, T.Terao, Y.Yamane, T.Hayashi, H.J.Syiemlieh, S.Singh, A.Habib Surface observation network for heavy rainfall around Cherrapunji, India. IAMAS(MOCA-09), July 2009, Motreal, Canada.

M Sato, T Pongvongsa, M Keomoungkhoun, I Phimmayoi, S Pansansy, V Boutsyhalath, S Sanguankiat, T Yoonuan, N Homsuwan, K Moji, B Boupa, J Waikagul Parasitic baseline data for implementing the control program in Lahanam village, Savannakhet province, Lao P.D.R. 2nd National Health Research Forum to support the health research systems strengthening in Lao PDR, 2008.09.22-2008.09.23, Vientiane, Laos.