Full Research

StageFR
Project No.14200102
Project NameCo-Creation of Sustainable Regional Innovation for Reducing Risk of High-impact Environmental Pollution
Project LeaderSAKAKIBARA Masayuki
URLhttps://srirep.org/

 

○Research Subject and Objectives

1.  Problem, background, and objectives
Mercury (Hg) is a toxic metal that seriously threatens the embryonic and early-childhood development of humans, and extremely poisonous to the human body. Mercury pollution is one of the most serious environmental issues and requires global action for its resolution (e.g. Gibb & O’Leary, 2014). Recent investigations by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) have highlighted the enormity of Hg pollution in developing countries and the associated harmful effects on human health and ecosystems. One of the main causes of Hg pollution is Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM), in which Hg is used as the traditional method of amalgamation to extract gold from the ore rock and emit 37% of global anthropogenic Hg into the atmosphere. This method is quicker, simpler, and more cost-effective than alternative methods, and is widely used in many ASGM communities (e.g. Gibb & O’Leary, 2014). According to data from the UNEP, ASGM produces 15-20 % of global gold market. Almost 15 million people, including about 5 million women and children, participate in ASGM activities in more than 70 countries. The Hg pollution generated during ASGM indirectly affects more than 100 million people worldwide (UNEP, 2013; ELI, 2014). Those ASGM activities are also sources of social problems, such as land tenure issues, social instability such as migration, and conflict between residents. The vicious cycle relating to poverty and environmental degradation in developing countries has long been discussed (World Bank, 1992; UNEP, 1995). However, the behavioural patterns that make it difficult for those living under chronically impoverished conditions to escape from those conditions are still not well understood (Sen, 1999; Banerjee and Duflo, 2011). 
The objectives of our FR is 1) to understand the link between poverty reduction and environmental management in ASGM areas, 2) to establish a process for constructing sustainable societies through regional innovations in ASGM areas, and 3) to strengthen environmental governance in ASEAN countries. 

 

2.  Methodology, structure and schedule
   In our FR, we will conduct the following research within the context of all ASEAN countries :
a) Case studies on reduction of Hg pollution using a future scenario of ASGM in Indonesia and Myanmar; FR members will (1) undertake environmental impact assessments; (2) study living conditions, cultures, history, and regional sociology; (3) cultivate or organize transdisciplinary communities of practice (TDCOPs) used by transdisciplinary boundary object (TBO); (4) co-create future scenarios; (5) co-design and co-production of transdisciplinary practical research; (6) start social implementation research; and (7) evaluate the progress of regional innovation by social, and economic studies.
b) Study on interregional networks that aim to generate Hg-free societies in Indonesia and Myanmar; the study of interregional networks will be conducted in three steps: (1) study of social informatics and construction of a platform in each region for communication; (2) study on the design, practical use and evaluation of information technologies and establishment of the linkage among each platform in a region; and (3) study on the expansion of platforms and networks and establishment of the linkage among multiple regions to make interregional networks.
c) Study on improvements in environmental governance in ASEAN countries; (1) study on the principles and processes used for multilayer and co-operative environmental governance and holding an international forum in each country; (2) study on regional approach from regional innovation to environmental governance and establishment of an UNEP association in each country of Southeast Asia; and (3) study on the establishment of multi-layered environmental governance and Establishment of ASEAN UNEP council.
d) Theoretical and practical studies of the design, practical use, and evaluation of TBO, and cultivation, development process, and roles of TDCOP; (1) basic research of TBO and TDCOP, and co-design TBOs; (2) study on the design of TBO and TDCOP and practice along future scenario by TDCOPs using TBO; and (3) study on the practical design of TBO and TDCOPs for the regional innovation and development from network of TDCOPs to regional innovation.
The following are the summery of the schedule of our FR.
1) FR2-4 (2020-22): We will conduct a) step 3 to 5 in Indonesia and step 1 to 5 in Myanmar; b) step 1 and 2; c) step 1 and 2; and d) step 1 and 2.
2) FR Year 5 (2023): We will conduct a) step 6 and 7 in Indonesia and Myanmar; b) step 3; c) step 3; and d) step 3.

 

3.  Expected results
   The regional innovation will arise as a consequence of environmental and industrial innovations introduced with a transdisciplinary approach, including the development of a future scenario for an Hg-free society, the co-creation and practical application of TBOs, and the mobilization of TDCOPs. By strengthening environmental governance, which consists of multiple layers of co-operative organizations, we will also develop a route via which the problem of global environmental Hg pollution can be resolved. 

 

4.  Project organization and membership
   The research organization consists of 1) communicator, 2) culture, history, and behavioral transformation group, 3) social science group, 4) natural science group, 5) technological development group, and 6) project management group. 

 

5. Contribution to the program
   RIHN research is organized into programmes and projects, rather than into pre-existing academic disciplines or domains. Our three research programmes and one core programme each include multiple projects, which involve studies consistent with the thematic foci of the RIHN programmes. The RIHN research programmes are organized around three themes in the Phase III Medium-Term Plan. Program 1: Transition to a society that can deal flexibly with environmental changes; Program 2: Fair use and management of diverse resources; Program 3: Design of well-being-enhancing living spaces and lifestyles. The Program 3 in RIHN, in particular, proposes research that will illuminate the reciprocal linkages between diverse rural and urban societies and contribute to the resolution of sustainability problems by working with various societal partners, such as governments, companies, and citizen groups. Special emphasis is placed on envisioning sustainable futures that improve the well-being of residents and gauging their feasibility (RIHN, 2018).
Our research project on the Southeast Asia will contribute to Program 3. In the Southeast Asia, the environmental disruption, biological diversity disappearance, expansion of the difference of the poverty and wealth, and traditional culture disappearance are rapidly progressing by the rapid expansion of the human activities accompanying economic expansion in the area. Moreover, the degradation of living space and the increased risk of global environmental pollution by ASGM activities in rural communities are accelerated by poverty.
It will provide a concrete framework for realizing a sustainable society from this research, and in that we will propose the change to society with a concrete future possibility. Furthermore, The FR of SRIREP project will take in the technique of the future design and future scenario which Program 3 has proposed as an effective technique for solving problem of regional society.


○Progress and Results in 2019

1.  Project Progress During the PR Period

    In case study (a), we have propelled the survey of environmental impact assessment and health impact assessment on Hg pollution in collaboration with local university researchers in Gorontalo Province, Southern Bandung in West Java Province, and Bombana in Southeast Sulawesi Province in Indonesia.
(1) Gorontalo area: In FR1, in collaboration with members of Gorontalo State University, we conducted the surveys of natural resource, the environmental impact of Hg pollution, the health impact of Hg pollution on residents, socio-economic assessments, and cultural history. In particular, a total of 15 members participated in the survey in Bone Bolango Regency, Gorontalo Regency and North Gorontalo Regency in Gorontalo Province.
   The socio-economic groups have conducted pilot survey to examine basic household characteristics of each member (sex, age, location, status of residency, education, and major daily activities), composition of household income and their degree of affluence, social network in terms of financial and in-kind transactions, and preferences for potential job opportunities. Socio-economic group and researchers from University of Lampung examined rural livelihoods of fishermen and farmers to elaborate the design composite agriculture systems in rural Gorontalo.
   In addition, based on the research results during this period, some future scenarios for the Hg-free society have been revised. In this fiscal year, we started discussions with residents to cultivate a TDCOP (Cundill et al., 2015) learning about the issue of “Limboto Lake Disappearance”. During this time, activities for accreditation of Gorontalo Global Geopark were continuously carried out, and a roadmap to the geopark was proposed from SRIREP to Gorontalo Province.
(2) Southern Bandung area: In collaboration with the members of Bandung Institute of Technology, four field surveys and discussions with SH were conducted from February to September 2019 in Bunikasih village where the two discussions. Currently, chemical analysis of environmental samples and hair samples is in progress. In addition, the community and SRIREP members are planning to collaborate on a transdisciplinary practical research in the future.
(3) Publication of research results: ICTAR held in Gorontalo in 2017 will be published as a proceeding from IOP Publishing in January 2020 and TREPSEA 2018 in February 2020 respectively, including many papers by members.
   In February 2019, Director General Mr. Hla Maung Thein led members of Environmental Conservation Department (ECD), MONREC including Mr. Bobby, Chief Executive Officer of Network Activities Group (NAG) visited Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN) for discussing for the collaboration with RIHN. The project leader, Mr. Jun Miyauchi and members of SRIREP project visited Myanmar in April 2019 and discussed with senior officials: Director of Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, Environmental Conservation Department in Mandalay City and then with Director General and other senior officials of Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, Environmental Conservation Department in Nay Pyi Taw in Myanmar and explained the purpose and plan of our FR. We have agreed on the collaboration with the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation (MONREC), Environmental Conservation Department (ECD), and advancing the processes at this moment. Since February 2019, both members of MONREC-ECD and RIHN have been working for MOU/MOA matters for the collaboration after sharing the details of the contents of our FR.
   On (b) a study of interregional networks that aim to generate Hg-free societies in Indonesia, we have established the website of research network between areas in November: “Hg-Free Society Networks " by the Indonesia citizen participation, and share the information related with the Hg pollution by ASGM etc. Currently, more than 350 members already have joined tothe facebook page of " Hg Free Society Networks " in early January 2019.
From 20th to 22nd October, the project leader attended international seminars and presented the environmental issues including Hg pollution by ASGM, sponsored by three universities in Makassar City, Indonesia, Indonesian Muslim University, Hasanuddin University, and Bosowa University.
   In the research (c) on environmental governance strengthening by the countries’ citizen participation in Southeast Asia, we conducted the following research;
(1) We organized the 1st and 2nd Japan - ASEAN Medical Seminars on the Human Health Impact of Heavy Metals on 3rd May in Makassar and 5th May in Gorontalo in collaboration with some local universities, medical organizations, and Kumamoto Gakuen University.  on 3rd and 5th May in collaboration with some local universities, medical organizations, and Kumamoto Gakuen University in Makassar and Gorontalo, Indonesia.  Also, medical workshops regarding Hg poisoning were hold in both seminars. About 220 stakeholders participated in both seminars.also was held in both seminars. About 220 stakeholders participated in the seminars.
(2) We collaborated with UNEP's activities on environmental issues. Specifically, the “UNEP Global Environment Information Exhibition” was held in Yangon City, Myanmar from December 9th to 12th, hosted by UNEP, co-hosted by Japan Association for United Nation Environmental Programme (J-UNEP), Public Interest Incorporated Foundation Associates of the Earth (AOE), and RIHN, and sponsored by Max Myanmar Group and AYA Bank.
(3) On December 11, the 2nd TERPNEP (ASEAN-Japan Meeting Point of Collaboration by Stakeholders and Researchers for Reducing Environmental Problems in ASEAN Countries) was held in Nay pyi daw, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, in cooperation with Ehime University, Kagawa University, Kochi University, RIHN and MONREC. Members of TRPNEP including researchers and scientists from the universities of Japan and five ASEAN countries: Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Vietnam, as well as key stakeholders from Myanmar ministries, universities, NGO, and private companies, took part in the seminar.
Mr. Ohmn Win, Union Minister of Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Conservation, Dr. Ye Myint Swe, Deputy Minister, Managing Directors, Director Generals, and senior officials, as well as officers and researchers from different ministries including Ministry of Health and Sports, Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Transport and Communications, Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Irrigation, etc., attended the seminar. The total number of seminar attendees was more than 280 in TRPNEP2019 seminar.
   In the research (d), the FR member show the results of theoretical studies and some domestic case studies on community of practice. We also started the dialog with the important and isolated SHs.

 

2. Most Notable Outputs to Date

   In the case study (a), the residents decided to stop the gold mining operation in Brakasi Village, South Bandung, which was the subject of the study, through two video screenings of Minamata disease and discussions with the residents. These results suggest that in ASGM regions that are not economically dependent on gold, "health exposure to mercury in ASGM" may function as a TBO. This result is reflected in the “future scenario”. In addition, in the Bone Bolango district of Gorontalo, during several rounds of consultations during the interim period, a proposal was made to conclude a MoU with RIHN as a prefecture and to cooperate in the project. It is expected that cooperation with various SHs, including residents, will expand in the future, and the conditions for conducting targeted social implementation research are being prepared.

   For (c) Study on improvements in environmental governance in ASEAN countries: 1st and 2nd Japan - ASEAN Medical Sseminars on the Human Health Impact of Heavy Metals on 3rd May in Makassar and 5th May in Gorontalo in collaboration with some local universities, medical organizations, and Kumamoto Gakuen University. Medical workshops regarding mercury poisoning were hold in both seminars. About 220 stakeholders participated in both seminars.

   On December 11, the 2nd TERPNEP (ASEAN-Japan Meeting Point of Collaboration by Stakeholders and Researchers for Reducing Environmental Problems in ASEAN Countries) was held in Nay pyi daw, the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, in cooperation with Ehime University, Kagawa University, Kochi University, RIHN and MONREC. Approximately 280 researchers and stakeholders from Japan, Myanmar attended the seminar.

 

3. Project Organization and Members

   The FR will be conducted within a transdisciplinary framework based on a fusion of social and natural sciences, and with the collaboration of the various SHs. The research organization consists of 1) communicator, 2) culture, history, and behavioural transformation group, 3) social science group, 4) natural science group, 5) technological development group, and 6) project management group.
1) Communicator: A “communicator” is a talented person who supports and promotes the dialogue between and mutual understanding of various SHs and researchers, and is classified as either a “long-stay communicator” or a “local communicator”. A long-stay communicator is a Japanese person who stays in the region for a certain period, and a local communicator is a SH from the local community.
2) Culture, history, and behaviour transformation group: The group members consist of researchers who studied the culture, anthropology, history, and regional sociology, as well as NPO personnel. These members investigate the elements of the TBO, including its credibility, legitimacy, salience, and plasticity, and the characteristics of the SHs, such as their economic interests, environmental interests, ethics, social participation, culture, history, local knowledge, and environmental resources. They resolve the process of transformation for the SHs by the practical application of the TBO. They also investigate many aspects of the TBO and assess its future prospects.
3) Social science group: This research group specializes in economics, environmental economics, development of economics, and statistics. It determines the regional economies, policies, and industries in the investigated areas from various socio-economic viewpoints by reviewing the existing data, investigating the circumstances of each community, administering questionnaires and conducting interviews with the SHs, and collecting basic information, including the incomes and poverty levels in the research areas. The group quantifies the effects of the introduction of new industries that utilize the ecosystem services or other environmental innovations by integrating local and scientific knowledge.
4) Natural science group: This research group specializes in biology, natural geography, geology, and ecology. It undertakes interdisciplinary research on the environmental impact of mercury in the ASGM area. In each area, it investigates the ecology, chemically analyzes environmental substances, undertakes epidemiological and public health surveys, and simulates the oceanic dispersal of the mercury emitted from the ASGM areas.
Before and after the environmental innovations are instated with the co-created environmental remediation technology, and industrial innovations are implemented by the practical application of new ecosystem services. It assesses the environmental impact on each area and analyses the effects of the project scientifically.
5) Technological development group: This research group specializes in material engineering, mechanical engineering, design engineering, vegetation engineering, fisheries, and forestry. Using a transdisciplinary approach with local SHs, it identifies useful local knowledge and combines it (PROJECT ORGANIZATION AND MEMBERS, CONTINUED 2) with scientific knowledge. It develops the basis of the environmental and industrial innovations by integrating local knowledge and scientific knowledge.
6) Project management group: This group will manage the progress of the research by the other four groups, and coordinate the dialogue between communicators and scientists, and between communicators and SHs.
   During the FR1, our research members submitted in the beginning FR1 has been changed partially. It is based on the request of Gorontalo State University. It was judged by the core members that this change was important to strengthen the research organization to carry out case studies in Gorontalo within the period. Specifically, the changed portion is to add some members in Gorontalo State University related with the case study.

○Project Members

SAKAKIBARA, Masayuki ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Professor,Research supervisor )

MATSUDA, Hiroyuki ( Yokohama National University,Professor,Leader of Natural Science Group )

SHIMAGAMI, Motoko ( Ehime University,Associate Professor,Sociology of community in ASGM area )

MATSUMOTO, Yuichi ( Kwansei Gakuin University,Professor,Theoretical and practical studies on TDCOP )

KASAMATSU, Hiroki ( Ehime University,Senior Assistant Professor,Sociology of the local community in ASGM area )

KIMIJIMA, Satomi ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Reseacher,Case studies of ASGM sites in Indonesia and Myammar )

KAUNG, Xiaoxu ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Reseacher,Chemical analysis of environmental samples )

WIN THIRI KYAW ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Reseacher,Medical study on mercury toxicity in Myanmar )

KOMATSU, Satoru ( Nagasaki University,Associate Professor,Social economic evaluation in ASGM area )

YAMAMOTO, Yuki ( Nagasaki University,Associate Professor,Social economic evaluation in ASGM area )

NARABAYASHI, Kenji ( Ehime University,Professor,Environmental Law in Southeast Asian Countries )

KITAMURA, Kenji ( Kanazawa Univirsity,Assistant Professor,Theoretical study on TDCOP )

ABE, Akira ( Mie Prefectural College Of Nursing,Professor,Theoretical research on poverty and environmental ethic problems )

MIYAKITA, Takeshi ( Kumamoto Gakuen University,Professor,Research on a reconstruction of community /Epidemiologic survey on ASGM areas )

SAYANAGI, Nobuo ( Yamanashi Eiwa College,Associate Professor,Psychological study on poverty in ASEAN countries )

YAMAGUCHI, Tsutomu ( ESPEC MIC Corp.,Chief of Nagoya office,Technological support for the development of plant products )

SUGAWARA, Hisanari ( Gunma Museum of Natural History,Curator,Study on community management of global geopark )

Okamoto, Ikuko ( Toyo University,Professor,Study on internatioal development )

MIYASAKI, Hidetoshi ( Global Environmental Forum,Researcher,Practical research of value-added composite agriculture in non-polluted area )

ITO, Yutaka ( Akita Universitu,Lecturer,Social economic evaluation in ASGM area )

KOHMOTO, Daichi ( Nara University of Education,Associate Professor,Study on community management of global geopark )

WATANABE, Yasuko ( Watanabe-tette,CEO,Design development of traditional hand-craft "Karawang" in Gorontalo province )

KOIZUMI, Hatsue ( Soshisha, the Minamata Disease Museum,Staff,Sociology of community in ASGM area )

ABBAS, Habo Hasriwiani ( Universitas Islam Indonesia,Lecturer and Researcher,Medical geology of traditional smelters in Sulawesi )

BASRI ( College of Health Sciences Makassar,Lecturer and Researcher,Environmental science in ASGM area in Bombana Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia )

PRASETIA, Hendra ( Lampung University,Lecturer and Researcher,Development of bioindicator using dendrochemistry )

GAFUR, Abdul Nurfitri ( BAPPEDA-LITBANG of Bone Bolango regency,Expert of Researcher,Environmental science in ASGM area in Bone Bolango Regency )

PATEDA, Sri Manovita ( Ehime University,Graduate student,Development of bioindicator on mercury exposure )

BASIR ( Ehime University,Graduate student,Case study in Bombana Regency, Southeast Sulawesi Province, Indonesia )

BADARU, Arifia Warapsari ( Ehime University,Graduate student,Survey of geosites in Gorontalo Geopark Concept )

RACHAMAN, Agus Bahar ( Ehime University,Graduate student,Practical research of value-added composite agriculture in non-polluted area )

ISA, Ishak ( State University of Gorontalo,Professor,Study on bioethanol )

MOHAMAD, Jahja ( State University of Gorontalo,Associate Professor,Physical analytical study on natural products )

ARIFIN, Indriati Yayu ( State University of Gorontalo,Lecturer and Researcher,Analysis of total mercury concentration on natural samples, Study on medical geology )

LAHINTA, Agus ( State University of Gorontalo,Lecturer,Study on Karawo management )

OLILINGO, Fachruddin ( State University of Gorontalo,Lecturer,Social-economical evaluation on transdisciplinary practical researches )

PONGOLIU, D. Isyana Yayu ( State University of Gorontalo,Lecturer,Social-economical evaluation on transdisciplinary practical researches )

MANYOE, Noviantari Intan ( State University of Gorontalo,Lecturer,Study on Geopark )

ZAENAL, Abidin ( Bogor Agricultural University,Lecturer and Researcher,Development of environmental remediation materials )

KARDENA, Edwan ( Institut Teknology Bandung,Associate Professor,Study of environmental governance in Indonesia )

ABDURRACHMAN, Mirzam ( Institut Teknology Bandung,Lecturer,Basic study of Geopark, Case study of ASGM site in Southern Bandung area, Indonesia )

KURNUAWAN, Andri Idham ( Institut Teknology Bandung,Lecturer and Researcher,Basic study of Geopark, Case study of ASGM site in Southern Bandung area, Indonesia )

ARIFIN, Bustanul ( University of Lampung,Professor,Socioeconomic evaluation of agricultural areas in Gorontalo province )

ISOMONO, Hanung ( University of Lampung,Lecturer,Socioeconomic evaluation of agricultural areas in Gorontalo province )

BOBBY ( Network Activities Groups,Chief Executive Officer,Practice of action program and its management in Myanmar )

MUHAMMAD, Gobel ( Bogor Agricultural University,Graduate student,Local communicator )

MOHAD, Lamanasa ( Bone Bolango Regency,Prefecture staff,Local communicator )

JOMAE, Kyoko ( Ehime University,Clerical Assistant,Project management )

MYO HAN HTUN ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Research Associate,Management on websites and Supporting FR researchers )

TAKEHARA, Mari ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Research Associate,Project management )

○Future Themes

a) Case studies of reduction of Hg pollution using a future scenario of ASGM
   We will conduct the analytical and theoretical research, and practical research in Gorontalo area, Southern Bandung area and Bombana area in Indonesia, as well as Tha Beik Kyin township and Yamethin township in Mandalay Region, Myanmar in the case studies.
For Myanmar: Due to the revised plan of FR, the basic research will be conducted with the following procedures during FR2 in Myanmar.
   In the first step of the analytical and theoretical research, FR members will study, (1) environmental and human health impact assessment of Hg pollution by ASGM in Mandalay, (2) social economic investigation in Mandalay, (3) culture, history, and behavioural investigation in Mandalay, (4) social relationship among actors in ASGM in Mandalay, and (5) starting the evaluation of social capital and resilience on the socio-ecological system in the ASGM.
For Indonesia: FR members and key SHs will practically co-create and utilize the TBO for the transformation of SHs and activation of their dialog, find useful local knowledge by “Kikigaki” for the co-creation of TBO, Co-create the future scenario for Hg-free society. We will cultivate or organize TDCOPs used by TBO, co-create future scenarios, and co-design and co-production of transdisciplinary practical research. The transdisciplinary practical research includes “introduction of resource recycling type combined agriculture”, “co-creation of New Industry by using traditional local knowledge”, “environmental issues of Limboto lake”, “development of eco-tourism”, and “co-creation of new technology for reduction of Hg-emission into the atmosphere”.
     The Natural Science Group will develop the environmental indicators to comprehensively assess the impact of mercury pollution. This will enable us to evaluate the effects of the transdisciplinary practice research.
For quantitative and qualitative examination of livelihoods in mining-dependent villages for the next 4 years, socio-economic groups will conduct following research activities in FR2;
1) Research theme 1: Transdisciplinary approaches: heavy metal contamination and intergenerational health outcome
・Conduct extensive baseline survey for 1,000 households in Bone Bolango Regency to identify basic household characteristics of each member, maternal and child health, degree of affluence, job preferences.
・Examine exposure to heavy metal contamination through environmental assessment.
・Inhabitants, especially pregnant mothers and children, undergo medical health checks to examine health status that are potentially hampered by heavy metal contaminations.
・Quantitative examination of action researches initiatives (e.g. nets of sugar palm)
・Mutual discussion among researchers/practitioners of State University of Gorontalo and Bone Bolango Regency.
2) Research theme 2: Case study: role of composite agricultural systems for regional innovation
・Pilot examinations of rural livelihoods that have adopted organic agriculture, and examine effectiveness to conserve Lake Limboto.
・Field observations among researchers from University of Lampung and State University of Gorontalo.
b) A study of interregional networks that aim to generate Hg-free societies in Indonesia
The aim of this study is for the construction and the establishment of interregional networks to aim for Hg-free societies in Indonesia and Myanmar. FR members will conduct the analytical and theoretical research, and each research is divided into three steps: 1) study on social informatics, 2) study on the design, practical use & evaluation of information technologies, and 3) study on the expansion of platforms & networks. We are currently developing the websites including the contents and expected to launch a homepage (English language) by early February 2020 and other two languages: Indonesia (Bahasa) and Myanmar by early March and April 2020 respectively.
For Indonesia: In the first step of theoretical research, FR members will study of the information ( RESEARCH PLAN, CONTINUED 2)
and communication tools in cultural & institutional contexts, and also interdisciplinary study of the design, uses, and consequences of information technologies.
In the first step of practical research, FR members will step up the platforms in each region for communication among SHs and researchers for creating of a new dialogue opportunity among SHs, young scientists and funders, and sharing the information and experience between platform members to get mutual understanding between them.
Our study will also include the second step of research such as study of social behaviourism among platform members, and the effectiveness of information and communication tools as theoretical research, and also FR members and base universities will develop a website and multiple SNSs for members of different TDCOPs, will apply various theories, models, philosophies, will expand the platforms, and then link each other for sharing among platform members as our practical research.  such as TDCOPs, the researchers and base universities will establish regional networks to expand the residents’ networks further. When a regional network working towards a Hg-free society is formed, they will establish a collaboration between the members of various TDCOPs and carry it out.
For Myanmar: Although Myanmar research plan is two years behind and similar processes with Indonesia’s research plan which is based on the involvement of base universities in Indonesia, FR members will start the processes by collaboration with local NGO and SHs, including government officials instead of based universities. The involvement of SHs from academic institutions to collaborate with FR members for the case studies and processes of the full research is highly expected. 
c) A study of improvements in environmental governance in ASEAN countries
FR members will conduct both analytical and theoretical research, and transdisciplinary practical research in three steps during the establishment of UNEP council in each ASEAN country with the support of J-UNEP and collaboration with SRIREP members for solving the problem of Hg pollution. FR members will study on the current conditions and challenge of environmental governance and its policy in each ASEAN country and environmental governance for sustainable development as the first step of analytical and theoretical research. Then the members will setup workshops or seminars among SRIREP members, J-UNEP and each country’s SHs to share and discuss the knowledge and experience on environmental governance and policy, and also will design an international forum for creating environmental governance as our first step of practical research.
For Indonesia: The tentative schedule for the international seminar among SRIREP members, J-UNEP members, and Indonesia counterparts will be in May, 2020.
For Myanmar: We expect to make an international workshop or seminar between SRIREP members, J-UNEP members, and central government officials in 2020.
    We will continue the other steps base on the results of the first step.
d) Theoretical and practical studies of the design, practical use, and evaluation of TBO, and cultivation, development process, and roles of TDCOP
Theoretical research and practical research will be conducted, and each research has three steps: 1) basic research of TBO and TDCOP, 2) study on the design of TBO and TDCOP, and 3) study on the practical design of TBO and TDCOPs for the regional innovation.
For Indonesia: FR members will study on theoretical research of TBO and TDCOP, and develop a new evaluation index of TBO and TDCOP as the first step of theoretical research. FR members, communicators, and key SHs will design and create various TBOs based on the evaluation of the elements of the future scenarios, analysis on the present conditions and issues of the developed TBOs and construct a platform for cultivating TDCOPs as the first step of practical research.
For Myanmar: FR members will study only basic and theoretical research as the first step in 2020 due to two years behind schedule of Indonesia processes. Practical research processes will follow in next year.

  

Papers

【Original Articles】

Abbs. H. H., Sakakibara. M, Sera. K., Nurgahayu, Andayanie. E. 2020,07 Mercury Exposure and Health Problems of the Students Using Skin-Lightening Cosmetic Products in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Cosmetics 7(58). DOI:10.3390/cosmetics7030058 (reviewed).

Basri, Sakakibara. M., SERA. K. 2020,02 Mercury in Soil and Forage Plants from Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in the Bombana Area, Indonesia. Toxics 2020 8. DOI:10.3390/toxics8010015 (reviewed).

Komatsu, S., Yamamoto, Y., Ito, Y., Kaneko, S., Dhital, R. P. 2019,12 Water for life: ceaseless routine efforts for collecting drinking water in remote mountainous villages of Nepal. Environment, Development and Sustainability. DOI:DOI:10.1007/s10668-019-00552-9 (reviewed).

Yamamoto, Y., Matsumoto, K., Kawata, K., and Kaneko, S. 2019,10 Gender-based differences in employment opportunities and wage distribution in Nepal. Journal of Asian Economics 64(101131). DOI:DOI:10.1016/j.asieco.2019.07.004 (reviewed).

Yamamoto, Y., Takeuchi, K., and Kӧling, G. 2019,10 Preventing peatland fires in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia: The role of economic incentives and social norms. Journal of Forest Economics. DOI:DOI:10.1561/112.00000509 (reviewed).

Pateda, S. M., Sakakibara, M. and Sera 2018,11 Lung Function Assessment as an Early Biomonitor of Mercury-Induced Health Disorders in Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining Areas in Indonesia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 2018 15(11). DOI:10.3390/ijerph15112480 (reviewed).

Iwasaki Y., Kagaya T., Matsuda H. 2018,10 Comparing macroinvertebrate assemblages at organic-contaminated river sites with different zinc concentrations: Metal-sensitive taxa may already be absent. Environmental Pollution(241):272-278. DOI:doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2018.05.041 (reviewed).

Matsumoto, Y. 2018,10 Case study on enhancing learning in communities of practice: Non-canonical view and boundary crossing. Journal of Business Management 41:52-63. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Hossain A., Nakamichi T., Habibullah-Al-Mamun M., Tani K., Masunaga S., Matsuda H. 2018,08 Occurrence and Ecological Risk of Pharmaceuticals in River Surface Water of Bangladesh. Environmental Research(165):258-266. DOI:doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.04.030 (reviewed).

Matsumoto, Y. 2018,03 Purchasing the ‘secondary meaning’ of communities of practice: Based on analysis of activity theory through a case of Japanese nursing homes. The Knowledge Management Society of Japan 16:1-14. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Basri, Sakakibara, M., and Sera. K. 2017,02 Current Mercury Exposure from Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Bombana, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia—Future Significant Health Risks. Toxics 5(7). DOI:10.3390/toxics5010007 (reviewed).

Gafur, N. A., Sakakibara, M., Sano, S., and Sera, K. 2018,10 A Case Study of Heavy Metal Pollution in Water of Bone River by Artisanal Small-Scale Gold Mine Activities in Eastern Part of Gorontalo, Indonesia. . Water 10(1507):1-10. DOI:10.3390/w10111507 (reviewed).

Prasetia. H., Sakakibara, M., Omori, K., Jamie S. Laird, Sera, K. and Kurniawan, I.A 2018,01 Mangifera indica as Bioindicator of Mercury Atmospheric Contamination in an ASGM Area in North Gorontalo Regency, Indonesia.. Geosciences 8(1):1-9. DOI:10.3390/geosciences8010031 (reviewed).

Nurfitri, A. G., Sakakibara, M., Sera, K. 2017 Pytoremediation of Heavy Metal-Polluted Mine Drainage by Eleocharis acicularis. Environmental Science: An Indian Journal 13:1-11. (reviewed).

Basri, Sakakibara, M. and Ratnawati 2017 The Economic Characteristic in Bombana Artisanal Small-Scale Gold Mining, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. Proceedings of 2nd Transdisciplinary Research on Environmental Problems in Southeast Asia IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science(71). DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/71/1/012016 (reviewed).

Yamazaki, S., Okazaki, K., Kurahashi, T. and Sakakibara, M. 2017 Phytoremediation of arsenic and molybdenum-contaminated alkaline wastewater by Eleocharis acicularis in winter in Japan. Proceedings of 2nd Transdisciplinary Research on Environmental Problems in Southeast Asia IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science(71). DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/71/1/012018 (reviewed).

Hendra Prasetia, Sakakibara, M. and Takehara, A. 2017 Heavy metals accumulation by Athyrium yokoscenece in a mine area, Southwest Japan. Proceedings of 2nd Transdisciplinary Research on Environmental Problems in Southeast Asia IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science(71). DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/71/1/012025 (reviewed).

Okazaki, K., Yamazaki, S., Kurahashi, T. and Sakakibara, M. 2017 An Artificial Channel Experiment for Purifying Drainage Water Containing Arsenic by Using Eleocharis acicularis. Proceedings of 2nd Transdisciplinary Research on Environmental Problems in Southeast Asia IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science(71). DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/71/1/012026 (reviewed).

Habo, H. A., Sakakibara, M., Hakim K. A. and Hardi, I. Y. 2017 Social Demography of Traditional Gold Smelter in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Proceedings of 2nd Transdisciplinary Research on Environmental Problems in Southeast Asia IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science(71). DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/71/1/012027 (reviewed).

Arifin, Y. I., Sakakibara, M. and Sera, K. 2017 Heavy metals concentrations in scalp hairs of ASGM miners and inhabitants of the Gorontalo Utara regency. Proceedings of 2nd Transdisciplinary Research on Environmental Problems in Southeast Asia IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science(71). DOI:10.1088/1755-1315/71/1/012028 (reviewed).

Research Presentations

【Oral Presentation】

Arifin. B., Development of Sustainable Agriculture and Conservation of Lake Limboto in Gorontalo, Indonesia. SRIREP Project International webinar, 2020.09.14. Online

Pateda, S. M. Impact of Artisanal and Small-scale Gold Mining Activity on Human Health in Gorontalo Province, Indonesia: A Perspective in Geomedical-science. The 2nd ASEAN-Japan Meeting point of Collaboration by Stakeholders and Researchers for Reducing Environmental Problems in ASEAN Countries (TRPNEP2019), 2019.12.11-2019.12.11, Hilton Nay Pyi Taw, Naypyidaw, Myanmar.

Sakakibara, M. Bio-Eco-Geo-Medi-Socio (BEGMES)-Science Study of Environmental Pollution in Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining Area in Indonesia. The 2nd ASEAN-Japan Meeting point of Collaboration by Stakeholders and Researchers for Reducing Environmental Problems in ASEAN Countries (TRPNEP2019), 2019.12.11-2019.12.11, Hilton Nay Pyi Taw, Naypyidaw, Myanmar.

Kuruniawan, I. A. Preliminary Studies of Environmental Assessment in Artisanal Small Gold Mining in Bunikasih Area, West Java Indonesia. The 2nd ASEAN-Japan Meeting point of Collaboration by Stakeholders and Researchers for Reducing Environmental Problems in ASEAN Countries (TRPNEP2019), 2019.12.11-2019.12.11, Hilton Nay Pyi Taw, Naypyidaw, Myanmar.

Kuang, X. Sustainable approach for recycling crushed stone powder for the removal of hazardous Ions (F, B, As, Cr(VI)) from solid wastes. 2019 Korea-Japan-Taiwan Joint Geoscience Symposium, 2019.10.14-2019.10.18, Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea.

Komatsu, S. Effect of Grid−based Electrif ication on the Solar Electrif ied Rural Villages: Case Study of Bangladesh. 24th Annual conference, The Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies , 2019.09.27-2019.09.29, Fukushima University, Fukushima.

Matsumoto, Y. Boundary crossing and collaborative learning in communities of practise: Using SAIDO Learning in Japanese nursing homes. European Group for Organizational Studies 35th EGOS Colloquium, 2019.07.04-2019.07.06, University of Edinburgh Business School, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Sakakibara, M Futurability of Gorontalo Geopark- Promoting Earth Heritage & Sustaining Local Communities. , 2018.09.04-2018.09.04, Gorontalo Province, Indonesia.

Kasamatsu. H. Protecting Environment and Generating Employment Opportunities surrounding Limboto Lake Area. SRIREP Project 2nd International mini seminar, 2020.09.11. Online

Kimijima. s. Limboto Lake-related concerns and generation of sustainable local socioeconomic activities. SRIREP Project 1st International mini seminar, "Protecting Environment and Generating Employment Opportunities surrounding Limboto Lake Area”, 2020.07.01. Online

Kimijima, S. An opportunity of Positioning Technology for Monitoring Socioeconomic Impacts resulting from a Rapid Development in Myanmar. 2019 Korea-Japan-Taiwan Joint Geoscience Symposium, 2019.10.14-2019.10.18, Pukyong National University, Busan, Korea.

Matsuda. H. Transdisciplinary approaches for the reactivation of Japanese biosphere reserves. 4th International Sympoisum of Decision Science for Future Earth, 2019.08.01-2019.08.01, Kyushu University, Fukuoka.

Sakakibara, M. Establishment of multi-layered environmental governance in collaboration with private sectors. The 7th Joint seminar with Hokkaido University and RIHN/The 28th RIHN Regional Community Seminars, 2019.07.18-2019.07.18, Hokkaido University, Sapporo,. (in Japanese)

Yamamoto, Y. Forest ecosystem service and agriculture in Indonesia. 29th Annual meeting, the Japan Society of Tropical Ecology, 2019.06.14-2019.06.16, Hokkaido University, Sapporo.

Yamamoto. Y. The effects of forest ecosystem services on agriculture: Evidence form Indonesian Farmers. Three society meeting in Nagasaki, 2019.06.01-2019.06.01, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki.

Kasamatsu, H. Sakakibara, M., Tanaka, K., Komatsu, S. and Shimagami, M. Transdisciplinary approaches for creation innovative livelihood alternatives in high environmental loading areas affected by mercury pollution in Indonesia.. World Social Science Forum, 2018.09.25-2018.09.28, Fukuoka International Congress Center, Fukuoka city.

Shimagami, M., Kasamatsu, H. and Sakakibara, M. Kikigaki Program as a Transformative Boundary Object for Stimulating Sustainable Refional Innovation through Cross-generational Urban-Rural Interaction: Case studies from Japan and Indonesia. he 3rd international conference of the Transdisciplinary Reseach on Environmental Problems in Southeaset Asia(TREPSEA), 2018.08.11-2018.08.12, Hotel TC Damhil UNG ,Gorontalo, Indonesia.

Basri and Sakakbiara, M. Health Impact Assessment of Artisanal and Small-Scale Gold Mining in Bomabana, Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia.. The 3rd international conference of the Transdisciplinary Reseach on Environmental Problems in Southeaset Asia(TREPSEA), 2018.08.11-2018.08.12, Hotel TC Damhil UNG ,Gorontalo, Indonesia.

Arifin, Y.I., Sakakbiara, M. and Sera, K. Assessing impact of artisanal and small scale gold mining activities on inhabitants and miners: a case study in Bolaang Mongohdow, North Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. The 3rd international conference of the Transdisciplinary Reseach on Environmental Problems in Southeaset Asia(TREPSEA), 2018.08.11-2018.08.12, Hotel TC Damhil UNG ,Gorontalo, Indonesia.

Hendra Prasetia , Sakakibra, M. and Sera, K. Atmospheric Mercury Contamination Assessment Using Various Tree Bark in an ASGM Area in North Gorontalo Regency, Indonesia. The 3rd international conference of the Transdisciplinary Reseach on Environmental Problems in Southeaset Asia(TREPSEA), 2018.08.11-2018.08.12, Hotel TC Damhil UNG ,Gorontalo, Indonesia.

Abbas, H.H., Sakakibara, M., Sera, K. and Sididi, M. The Social Economic and Mercury Exposure of Goldsmith in Manggala Subdistrict of Urban Artisanal Gold Minig (UAGM) Area in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia. The 3rd international conference of the Transdisciplinary Reseach on Environmental Problems in Southeaset Asia(TREPSEA), 2018.08.11-2018.08.12, Hotel TC Damhil UNG ,Gorontalo, Indonesia.

Kasamatsu, H., Shimagami, M. and Sakakibara, M. The Researchers Role and Future View of TDCOPs from Case Study of Dihime Limboto-ko, Gorontalo District. The 3rd international conference of the Transdisciplinary Reseach on Environmental Problems in Southeaset Asia(TREPSEA), 2018.08.11-2018.08.12, Hotel TC Damhil UNG ,Gorontalo, Indonesia.

Andi, A., Sakakbiara, M. and Sano, S Heavy Metal Potential at Settling Pond of Coal Mining, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. The 3rd international conference of the Transdisciplinary Reseach on Environmental Problems in Southeaset Asia(TREPSEA), 2018.08.11-2018.08.12, Hotel TC Damhil UNG ,Gorontalo, Indonesia.

Htun, M.H. and Sakakibara, M. Assessment of the Effectiveness of the Knowledge and Practice Based Mercury (HG) Free Society Networks for the Reduction of Mercury Pollution Problems in ASEAN Countries.. The 3rd international conference of the Transdisciplinary Reseach on Environmental Problems in Southeaset Asia(TREPSEA), 2018.08.11-2018.08.12, Hotel TC Damhil UNG ,Gorontalo, Indonesia.

Okazaki, K., Kurahashi, T., Yamazaki, S. and Sakakakibara, M. Temperature dependence for purification of leachate containing heavy metals by phytoremediation using the artificial channel.. The 3rd international conference of the Transdisciplinary Reseach on Environmental Problems in Southeaset Asia(TREPSEA), 2018.08.11-2018.08.12, Hotel TC Damhil UNG ,Gorontalo, Indonesia.

Sakakibara, M., Tanaka, K., Kasamatsu, H. and Shimagami, M. Co-creation of Sustainable Regional Innovation for Reducing Risk of High-impact Environmental Pollution. The 3rd international conference of the Transdisciplinary Reseach on Environmental Problems in Southeaset Asia(TREPSEA), 2018.08.11-2018.08.12, Hotel TC Damhil UNG ,Gorontalo, Indonesia.

Sri Manovita Pateda, Sakakibara, M. and Sera, K. Lung function assessment as an early biomonitor of mercury-induced health disorders in an artisanal and smale-scale gold mining area of Gorontalo province,Indonesia. The 24th NMCC Annual Meeting, 2018.05.11-2018.05.12, Hotel Metropolitan Morioka, Morioka city.

Hendra Prasetia,Sakakibara, M. and Sera, K. Atmospheric mercury contamination assessment using various tree bark in an ASGM area in North Gorontalo Rregency,Indonesia. The 24th NMCC Annual Meeting, 2018.05.11-2018.05.12, Hotel Metropolitan Morioka, Morioka city.

Sakakibara, M. Co-creation of regional innovation in highly-polluted area by transdisciplinary approach. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research (ICTAR), 2017.08.19, Indonesia. Conference Book of International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research, 3.

Kuruniawan, I. A., Sakakibara, M., Arifin, Y. I.,and Eraku, S. S. The potential of Gorontalo Province as world Geopark. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research (ICTAR), 2017.08.19, Indonesia. Conference Book of International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research, 4.

Prasetia, H., Sakakibara, M., and Sera, K. Preliminary study of atmospheric mercury contamination assessment using tree bark in ASGM area, Gorontalo Province, Indonesia. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research (ICTAR), 2017.08.19, Indonesia. Conference Book of International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research, 4.

Nurfitri, A. G., Sakakibara, M., and Sera K. Mercury levels in human hair of Turabolo ASGM area, Gorontalo Province, Indonesia. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research (ICTAR), 2017.08.19, Indonesia. Conference Book of International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research, 2.

Yamaguchi, T., Sakakibara, M., and Mohamad, J. Creation of handmade net for soil erosion prevention using natural fiber of sugar palm and its significance for regional innovation. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research (ICTAR), 2017.08.19, Indonesia. Conference Book of International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research, 36.

Okazaki, K., Yamazaki, S., Kurahashi, T., and Sakakibara, M. An artificial channel purification experiment for arsenic-rich drainage from the abandoned mine by using Eleocharis acicularis. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research (ICTAR), 2017.08.19, Indonesia. Conference Book of International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research, 37.

Indriati, Y. I., Sakakibara, M., and Sera, K. Total mercury levels in scalp hairs of Gorontalo Province. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research (ICTAR), 2017.08.19, Indonesia. Conference Book of International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research, 38.

Masulili, F. and Sakakibara, M. Peperite texture at the contact between andesitic dyke and granitic fault gauge, Northwestern Matsuyama, Japan: A field observation. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research (ICTAR), 2017.08.19, Indonesia. Conference Book of International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research, 39.

Basri, Sakakibara, M., and Ratnawati The stakeholders position map relating to the mercury pollution reduction in artisanal and small-scale gold mining sector, Bombana, Southeast Sulawesi. International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research (ICTAR), 2017.08.19, Indonesia. Conference Book of International Conference on Transdisciplinary Approach Research, 40.

【Poster Presentation】

Kamei. Y., Murakami. K., Murakami. Y., Sakakiyama. T., Doi. F., Takahashi. T., Sakakibara.M. The first geotour consisted of activity programs for overseas student in Shikoku Seiyo Geopark. JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020, 2020.05.24-2020.05.28, Makuhari, Chiba. (in Japanese)  https://confit.atlas.jp/guide/event/jpgu2020/top

Nakamura. C., Tsuji. T., Ikeda. M., Nishizaka. N., Ohnishi. K., Sakakibara. M Validity of thickness of Aso-4 tephra fall deposit of the Uwa Basin, western Shikoku . JpGU-AGU Joint Meeting 2020, 2020.05.24-2020.05.28, Makuhari, Chiba. (in Japanese)  https://confit.atlas.jp/guide/event/jpgu2020/top

【Invited Lecture / Honorary Lecture / Panelist】

Sakakibara, M. Role of geosciences in transdisciplinary approach to solve complex problems in society. International journal writing training, 2020.03.04-2020.03.04, State University of Gorontalo, Gorontalo state, Indonesia.

Sakakibara, M Mercury-Contaminated Whitening Cosmetics in Indonesia. The seminar for Master’s course students of Public health for University Muslim Indonesia, 2019.11.17-2019.11.17, University Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia. (Invitation lecture)

Sakakibara, M. Studies of Environmental Pollutions and Health Problems in Indonesia for Remediating Polluted Environments. The seminar for the under graduate students of Public health for University Muslim Indonesia, 2019.11.17-2019.11.17, University Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia. (Invitation lecture)

Sakakibara, M. Bio-Eco-Geo-Medi-Socio (BEGMES)-science study of environmental pollution in artisanal and small-scale gold mining area in Indonesia. 1st INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON HEALTH SCIENCES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRY, 2019.11.16-2019.11.17, The Four Point Hotel Makassar, Indonesia.

Sakakibara, M. Transdisciplinary Reseach and Practice for Reducing Environmental Problems in ASEAN Countries. st ASEAN -Japan Meeting Pont of Collaboration by Stakeholders and Reseachers for Reducing Environmental Problems in ASEAN Coutries, 2018.12.08-2018.12.09, Bandung, Indonesia.

Sakakibara, M. Transdisciplinary approach for solving complex society problems. Transdisciplinary research on legal studies, 2020.03.02-2020.03.02, State University of Gorontalo, Gorontalo state, Indonesia.

Sakakibara, M. Reduction of Environmental Problems and Future Business by Introducing Sustainable Finance, The Issue of Chinese versus America Trade War. International Class at University Bosowa, 2019.10.22-2019.10.22, University Bosowa, Makassar, Indonesia.

Sakakibara, M. Waste and its Environmental Problem -How do we manage the waste? . International Class in School of Public Health of Makassar University, 2019.10.21-2019.10.21, Hasanuddin University, Makassar, Indonesia. (Invitation lecture)

Sakakibara, M. Heavy Metal Pollution and its Toxity. International Class at Indonesia Timur University, 2019.10.21-2019.10.21, Indonesia Timur University, Makassar, Indonesia. (Invitation lecture)

Sakakibara, M. Studies of Environmental Pollutions and Health Problems in Indonesia for Remediating Polluted Environments. International Class at University Muslim Indonesia, 2019.10.20-2019.10.20, University Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Indonesia. (Invitation lecture)

Sakakibara, M. Co-creation of sustainable regional innovation for reducing risk of high-impact environmental pollution. ISeNREM 2019, 2019.08.15-9209.08.15, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Bogor, Indonesia.

Tanaka, K. Could payment by results (PbR) be future of PES in agriculture?. International Conference of the 50 Years PERHEPI, 2019.07.24-2019.07.26, Bogor Agricultural University (IPB), Bogor, Indonesia.

Sakakibara, M. Medical Geology and its Challenges. 2nd Japan - ASEAN Medical Seminar on Human Health Impact of Heavy Metals, 2019.05.05-2019.05.05, Indonesia, Gorontalo.  http://www.chikyu.ac.jp/srirep/his2/

Sakakibara, M. Medical Geology and its Challenges. 1st Japan - ASEAN Medical Seminar on Human Health Impact of Heavy Metals, 2019.05.03-2019.05.03, Indonesia, Makassar.  http://www.chikyu.ac.jp/srirep/his1/

Sakakibara, M., Tanaka, K., Kasamatsu, K., Shimagami, M., Komatsu, S. Co-creation of sustainable regional innovation for reducing risk of high-impact environmental pollution. International Conference on Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change, 2019.04.22-2019.04.23, ANA Crowne Plaza Osaka, Osaka.

Masayuki Sakakibara Co-Creation of Sustainable Regional Innovation for Reducing Risk of High-impact Environmental Pollution. International Lecturer, 2018.11.26-2018.11.26, Hasanuddin University, Makkasar, Indonesia.

Masayuki Sakakibara Co-Creation of Sustainable Regional Innovation for Reducing Risk of High-impact Environmental Pollution. International Lecturer, 2018.11.25-2018.11.25, Public Health Universitas Muslim Indonesia, Makkasar, Indonesia.

Masayuki Sakakibara Co-Creation of Sustainable Regional Innovation for Reducing Risk of High-impact Environmental Pollution. International Lecturer, 2018.11.25-2018.11.25, School of Health Sience of Makassar, Makassar, Indonesia.

Masayuki Sakakibara Earthquake safety Activity Program For Young Children. International Seminar of Inovative teaching method for young Learners at University of Gorontalo State, 2018.03.19-2018.03.19, University of Gorontalo State, Gorontalo, Indonesia.