Full Research

StageFR
Project No.E-04
Project NameVulnerability and Resilience of Social-Ecological Systems
Abbreviated TitleResilience Project
Project LeaderUMETSU, Chieko
Research AxisECOSOPHY
URLhttp://www.chikyu.ac.jp/resilience/
Key Wordsresilience, poverty, social-ecological system, resource management, environmental variability, vulnerability, human security, semi-arid tropics

 

○Research Subject and Objectives

<Research Objectives>

The objective of this research is 1) to consider impacts of environmental variability on vulnerability and resilience of human activities in the semi-arid tropics; 2) to study factors affecting social-ecological systems and their recovery from shocks; 3) to analyze factors determining ability of households and communities to recover from environmental shocks and the roles of institutions in improving household resilience; and 4) to identify the factors affecting resilience of social-ecological systems and ways in which the resilience of subsistence farmers in the semi-arid tropics to environmental variability can be strengthened. 

 

<Background>

A vicious cycle of poverty and environmental degradation, such as forest degradation and desertification, is a major cause of global environmental problems. This is especially the case in the semi-arid tropics (SAT) including Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia, where a majority of the world’s poor are concentrated. Within the SAT, communities’ livelihoods depend critically on fragile and poorly endowed natural resources, and poverty and environmental degradation are widespread. People in these regions depend largely on rain-fed agriculture, and their livelihoods are vulnerable to environmental variability. Environmental resources such as vegetation and soil are also vulnerable to human activities. To surmount these environmental challenges, human society and ecosystems must be resilient to (recover quickly from) environmental shocks. Thus in this project we consider society and ecology as one social-ecological system and empirically analyze its resilience.

 

<How do you utilize the results of the project to help solving “global environmental issues”?>

Through data collection, observation and analysis, our research will identify key resilience indicators able to provide ecosystem and resource management options for communities in the SAT. These results will be disseminated through workshops, conferences, working papers and peer-reviewed publications to share information with concerned governmental and non-governmental agencies and groups.

○Progress and Results in 2017

In FY2006 we established research collaborations with variousinstitutions in Zambia. 

In FY2007 we prepared experimental field sites and installed monitoringequipment such as weather stations, on-farm rain gauges and soil moisturemeasurement devices. Comprehensive weekly household surveys including bodymeasurement and monitoring of rainfall and crop growth commenced in November2007. Intensive field data for the 2007/2008, 2008/2009, 2009/2010 agriculturalseasons were collected and data compiled completed for full analysis. 

InFR2011, we organized a series of meetings for disseminating research outcomesto all stakeholders concerned.

 

Findings to the objective1) Rainfall variability and the impact to crop production

· The seasonal pattern of rainfallvaried across these three rainy seasons and farmers were facing not only annualvariation but also seasonal variation of precipitation. In the last threecropping seasons 2007/2008, 2008/2009 and 2009/2010, our study site received morerainfall than the annual average. The December 2007 heavy rain (473 mm/week) caused significant damagesto agricultural production and regional infrastructure such as roads andbridges. After the flooding, farmers responded quickly by replanting maize, and shiftingto other crops.

·  In agronomicfield experiments in Eastern Province, the impacts oftree burning on soil nutrient status and maize yield varied according to theamount of tree biomass burnt. The field experiment in Southern Provincesuggested that maize yield was strongly influenced by topography andtemperature. Cultivation under different topographic contexts partly mitigatedclimatic shocks.

 

Findings to the objective 2) Impact of heavy rain on householdconsumption and factors affecting recovery

· Resilience at the householdlevel was quantitatively measured and factors affecting resilience wereidentified. A sharp decline in food consumption before harvest was observed afterheavy rain in December 2007. After March 2008, food consumption gradually recovered,however the speed of recovery was very slow. Heavy rainfall in 2007 resulted ina sharp increase in maize prices in February 2009 affecting the ability ofhouseholds to purchase food. It took more than one year for most households torecover food consumption to the level before December 2007 heavy rainfall. Therecovery speed was high in lowland due to personal gift, public food aid andnon-agricultural income. Cattle holdings helped household recovery in upperterrace. Some new activities for getting cash income, such as livestock sales,fishery and wage labor emerged to offset a shortfall of income. Flexibility inemploying diverse strategies to successfully cope with climatic shocks is asuggestive of household resilience.

 

Findings to the objective 3) Copingstrategies to recover food consumption and livelihoods

·  The level of vulnerability differs among different types of actors,such as farmers, households and rural societies. Rural households and communities in Africa are facing not only risks from natural disastersbut also risks from social and economic changes, such as international pricehikes of cash crops, political transitions, and changes in land tenure systemsand agricultural policies. During the course of transitions from old systems tonew systems, access to some resources decreased while other access to otherresources expanded.

·  We also revealed that vulnerability increased for various reasonsand it could be attributable economic, socio-political and even cultural spheresand their interactions. With regards to social networks, communication toolssuch as cellular phones are recently playing an important role in helpingfarmers to cope with climatic as well as economic shocks for requesting goodsin need.

 

Findings to the objective 4) Howto enhance resilience of households of food security

· Resilience in SAT context can be defined as the short-run recovery offood consumption, food production and livelihoods. In the long-run, resilienceis the adaptive capacity of household, community and region to absorb shocks,adapt to change and to learn, innovate and transform.

· Various assets including agricultural technology,livestock and land holdings and cash income opportunities/abilities areconsidered as crucial for recovery of households and communities. Diversifiedaccess to resource use help households to recover from shock quickly.

· The availability and the access to ecologicalservices that supply wild food during the lean period to household is alsoimportant for consumption smoothing.

· Strengthening social safety net in differentlevels is necessary to increase adaptive capacity.

· Development of infrastructure that enablehouseholds to access market for crop sales and  food purchase, as well as for stabilizing foodprices in the region is also important.

· Social system and ecological system sometimesmoved at a different speed. Comprehensive approaches and long-run observations arenecessary to understand complex responses and feed backs due to environmentaland socio-economic factors affecting rural households.

· For enhancing adaptive capacity of individualsand households, long-term strategies are required to improve basic servicessuch as education, medical services, public road and transport.

· In the long-run, not only is increasingspecific resilience against climatic change and/or disaster risks but alsoincreasing general resilience of the society required to prepare foruncertainty.

○Project Members

UMETSU Chieko ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Associate Professor,Regional analysis, farm survey )

YACHI Shige ( Center for Ecological Research, Kyoto University,Associate Professor,Advisor )

SHINJO Hitoshi ( Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University,Associate Professor,Organic materials and soil fertility )

ANDO Kaori ( Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University,Graduate student (PhD),Organic materials and soil fertility )

SHIBATA Shozo ( Field Science Education and Research Center, Kyoto University,Professor,Tree/shrub components and its succession )

TANAKA Ueru ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Associate Professor,Soil degradation and erosion )

KURAMITSU Hajime ( Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University,Graduate student (MA),Grass/herb components and its succession )

MIURA Reiichi ( Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University,Lecturer,Grass/herb components and its succession )

MIYAZAKI Hidetoshi ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project Researcher,Measurement of land plot, crop components )

Mwale,Moses ( Mt. Makulu Central Research Station, Zambia Agriculural Research Station,Vice Director,Soil analysis )

SAKURAI Takeshi ( Hitotsubashi University,Professor,Household survey and analysis )

KANNO Hiromitsu ( National Agricultural Research Center for Tohoku Region,Team Leader,Measurement of rainfall data )

SHIMONO Hiroyuki ( Faculty of Agriculture, Iwate University,Assistant Professor,Crop science Modelling )

YAMAUCHI Taro ( School of Medicine, Hokkaido University,Associate Professor,Community health and nutrition )

KITSUKI Akinori ( Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University,Graduate Student (PhD),Household survey and analysis )

MIURA Ken ( Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University,Graduate student (MS),Household survey and analysis )

Akiko NASUDA ( Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University,Graduate Student (PhD),Household survey and analysis )

KUBO Harutaka ( Graduate School of Health Sciences, Hokkaido University,Graduate student (MS),Human growth, nutrition and health )

Sayuri KON ( Higashinaeho Hospital,Medical Therapist,Human growth, nutrition and health )

SHIMADA Shuhei ( Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University,Professor,Village society and institution )

ISHIMOTO Yudai ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project Researcher,Emergency food of farm household )

ITO Chihiro ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project Research Associate,Labor migration in rural area )

KYO Akie ( Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University,Graduate student (PhD),Co-existence with sickness and care )

KODAMAYA Shiro ( Graduate School of Social Acience, Hitotsubashi University,Professor,Agricultural development and social change )

NARISAWA Noriko ( Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University,Graduate student (PhD),Economic activities of female farmers )

Kajoba, Gear M. ( University of Zambia,Senior Lecturer,Land tenure system and food security )

Mulenga, Chileshe ( University of Zambia,Senior Lecturer,Analysis of social behaviors )

YOSHIMURA Mitsunori ( Remote Sensing Technology Center of Japan (RESTEC),Senior Researcher,Ecological change monitoring )

MATSUMURA Keiichiro ( Department of Sociology, Rikkyo University,Associate Professor,Land tenure system and rural livelihood )

SAEKI Tazu ( National Institute for Environmental Studies,NIES Assistant Fellow,Climate monitoring )

YAMASHITA Megumi ( Survey College of Kinki,Lecturer,Vegetation monitoring )

Lekprichakul, Thamana ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Senior Project Researcher,Household survey and analysis )

Palanisami, K. ( Tamilnadu Agricultural University,Director,Household survey and analysis )

YATAGAI Akiyo ( Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba,Research fellow,Monsoon rainfall analysis )

Ranganathan, C.R ( Tamilnadu Agricultural University,Professor,Economic modelling )

Chandrasekaran,B. ( Tamilnadu Agricultural University,Director,Rice production analysis )

KUME Takashi ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Associate Professor,Tsunami impact study )

Gheethalakshmi,V. ( Tamilnadu Agricultural University,Professor,Monsoon rainfall analysis )

Savadogo, Kimseyinga ( University of Ouagadougou,Professor,Household data analysis )

Tom Evans ( Department of Economics, Indiana University,Associate Professor,Agent-based modelling )

○Future Themes

Plan for CR1 and CR2

-Resilience is a wider concept that plays an important role in the discussionof sustainability. Resilience concept is applied to many research agenda ofGlobal Environmental Change (GEC) including climatic change and disaster risk reduction(DRR) by providing analytical framework. In recent years, practical applicationand demand is increasing rapidly.

-Especially, after the Great East Japan Earthquake and Tsunami in 11March 2011, the report submitted to the Prime Minister in June 2011 by theReconstruction Design Council “Towards Reconstruction: Hope beyond the Disaster”incorporates many ideas of resilience thinking. We plan to utilize resilienceconcept for research and practices for disaster reconstruction.

-We plan to organize the 4th Lusaka Workshop in August2013 for making resilience network within Southern Africa Region. 

Books

【Authored/Co-authored】

Ishimoto, Yudai 2012,03 A Livelihood System in Sahel: Adaptation and Coping Behavior for Drought and Insect Damage. Kyoto University African Stuty Series, 006. The Center for African Area Studies of Kyoto University, Sakyo, Kyoto, 179pp. (in Japanese)

K. Palanisami, C. Ramasamy, C. Umetsu eds., 2008 Groundwater Management and Policies. Macmillan India Ltd.,, New Delhi, INDIA, 300pp.

Hanzawa, K. 2008 Agriculture of Zambia. Japan Association for International Collaboration of Agriculture and Forestry, 153pp. (in Japanese)

Keijiro Otsuka and Takeshi Sakurai 2007,11 Poverty and Economic Development. Tokyo-Keizai-Shimpo-sha, Tokyo (in Japanese)

【Chapters/Sections】

Umetsu, Chieko 2012 “Ecohealth in Sub-Sahara Africa: Survival in variable environment”. Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (ed.) Ecohealth in Sub-Sahara Africa: Survival in variable environment. RIHN Series. Showado, Kyoto. (in Japanese) (forthcoming in 2012)

Umetsu, Chieko 2010,10 “Resilience: A way to consider how to respond to environmental variability”. Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (ed.) The RIHN Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Studies. Kobundo, Tokyo, pp.556-557. (in Japanese)

Umetsu, Chieko 2010,10 “Poverty and food security: towards empowerment of individuals and households”. Research Institue for Humanity and Nature (ed.) The RIHN Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Studies. Kobundo, Tokyo, pp.280-281. (in Japanese)

K. Palanisami, Chieko Umetsu, C.R. Ranganathan, 2008,09 Why Farmers Still Invest in Wells in Hard-rock Regions When the Water-table is fast Declining?. M. Taniguchi, W.C. Burnttt, Y. Fukushima, M. Haigh & Y. Umezawa (ed.) From Headwaters to the Ocean: Hydrological Changes and Watershed Management. Taylor and Francis, London, pp.503-508.

Kume, Takashi, Chieko Umetsu, K. Palanisami, 2008,09 he role of monsoon rainfall in desalinization of soil-groundwater system and in vegetation recovery from the 2004 tsunami disaster in Nagapattinam district, India. M. Taniguchi, W.C. Burnttt, Y. Fukushima, M. Haigh & Y. Umezawa (ed.) From Headwaters to the Ocean: Hydrological Changes and Watershed Management. Taylor and Francis, London, pp.409-414.

K. Palanisami, P. Paramasivam, C.R. Ranganathan, P.K. Aggarwal, S. Sentilnathan, 2008,09 Quantifying vulnerability and impact of climate change on production of major crops in Tamil Nadu, India.. M. Taniguchi, W.C. Burnttt, Y. Fukushima, M. Haigh & Y. Umezawa (ed.) From Headwaters to the Ocean: Hydrological Changes and Watershed Management. Taylor and Francis, London, pp.509-514.

Umetsu, Chieko 2008,03 "Resilience in view of disadvantaged group”. Research Institue for Humanity and Nature (ed.) Chikyu no Shohosen (A Prescription for the Earth). RIHN Series. , pp.92-95. (in Japanese)

Yamauchi, T. 2007 Modernization, nutritional adaptability, and health in Papua New Guinean Highlanders and Solomon Islanders.. R. Ohtsuka R, S. J. Ulijaszek (ed.) Health Change in the Asia-Pacific Region, . Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Shinjo, H. and Kosaki, T. 2007 “Global environmental problems related with soils”,”Soil erosion” and Salinization”. Kamon, M., Kusakabe, O. and Nishigaki, M., (ed.) Handbook of Environmental Geotechnics. Asakura Shoten, Tokyo, pp.19-41. (in Japanese)

Sakurai, T. 2006 Measurement and Analytical Framework on Social Capital. S. Yokoyama and T. Sakurai (ed.) Potential of Social Capital for Community Development. Asian Productivity Organization, Tokyo.

Sakurai, T. 2006 Rainfall as an Idiosyncratic Shock: Evidence from West Africa Semi-Arid Tropics. J.S. Caldwell et al (ed.) Supporting Farmer Decisions in Response to Climatic Risk. JIRCAS Working Report , No. 49. Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Tsukuba, pp.60-74.

Sakurai, T. 2006 Role of Social Capital for Economic Development: Evidence and Issues. S. Yokoyama and T. Sakurai (ed.) Potential of Social Capital for Community Development. Asian Productivity Organization, Tokyo.

【Translations / Joint Translations】

Yanai, J., Funakawa, S., Shinjo, H. and Moritsuka, N. 2009,02 Dojyougaku Nyumon. Kokon Shoin, Chiyodaku, Tokyo, 123pp. (in Japanese) Translation of William Dubbin Soils. Iowa State Press, USA, 110pp.

Chieko UMETSU 2008,06 Chpater 5: Africa: An Independent Focus of Agricultural Development? . T. Osada and Y. Sato (ed.) Noko Kigen no Jjinruishi.[ Kyoto University Press, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, pp.153-172. (in Japanese) Translation of Bellwood, Peter First Farmer: The Origin of Agricultural Societies. Blackwell,

Editing

【Editing / Co-editing】

Shoko Sakai and Chieko Umetsu (ed.) 2014 Social-Ecological Systems in Transition. , in press

Papers

【Original Articles】

Chieko Umetsu, Thamana Lekprichakul, Takeshi Sakurai, Taro Yamauchi, Yudai Ishimoto, Hidetoshi Miyazaki 2014 Dynamics of social-ecological systems: the case of farmers' food security in the semi-arid tropics. Shoko Sakai and Chieko Umetsu (ed.) Social-Ecological Systems in Transition. Springer, (reviewed). in press

Chieko Umetsu 2013,12 Food Security and Resilience in Semi-Arid Tropical Zambia. Sand Dune Research 60(2):79-83. (in Japanese)

Ishimoto, Y., Miyazaki, H., Seto, S., Tanaka, U 2013,12 Safety Net of Agro-pastoralists in the Sahel: Survival Devices Embedded in Food Consumption System. Sand Dune Research 60(2):73-78. (in Japanese)

Ishimoto, Y., Miyazaki, H., Seto, S., C. Umetsu, Tanaka, U. 2013,11 Resilience of Agro-pastoralists Livelihood System in the Sahel : A Case of Introduction of Migration in I-village, Northeastern Burkina Faso. Journal of arid land studies 23(2):73-77. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Hidetoshi MIYAZAKI, Yudai ISHIMOTO, Ueru TANAKA, Chieko UMETSU 2013,08 THE ROLE OF THE SWEET POTATO IN THE CROP DIVERSIFICATION OF SMALL-SCALE FARMERS IN SOUTHERN PROVINCE, ZAMBIA. African Study Monographs 34(2):119-137. (reviewed).

ISHIMOTO Yudai, MIYAZAKI H., UMETSU C. 2013,07 Social Safety Net Using Mobile Phones -A Case Study of Southern Province, Zambia-. Journal of agricultural development studies 24(1):26-35. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Umetsu, Chieko 2013,03 Resilience of ocial-ecological systems for food security . ARDEC(48):8-12. (in Japanese)

Hiromitsu Kanno, Takeshi Sakurai, Hitoshi Shinjo, Hidetoshi Miyazaki, Yudai Ishimoto, Tazu Saeki, Chieko Umetsu, and Sesele Sokotela, Milimo Chiboola 2013,04 Indigenous Climate Information and Modern Meteorological Records in Sinazongwe District, Southern Province, Zambia. Japan Agricultural Research Quarterly (JARQ) 47(2):191-201. (reviewed).

Shimono, Hiroyuki, Hidetoshi Miyazaki, Hitoshi Shinjo, Hiromitsu Kanno, Takeshi Sakurai 2012,06 Do Zambian smallholders choose the optimal sowing date for high maize productivity?. Tropical Agriculture and Development 56(2):62-70. (reviewed).

Miura, Ken, Hiromitsu Kanno, Takeshi Sakurai 2012,03 Shock and Livestock Transactions in Rural Zambia: a Re-examination of the Buffer Stock Hypothesis. The Japanese Journal of Rural Economics 14:20-34. (reviewed). the Best Article Award 2013

Takeshi Sakurai, Akiko Nasuda, Akinori Kitsuki, Ken Miura, Taro Yamauchi, Hiromitsu Kanno 2011,12 Measuring Resilience of Household Consumption – The Case of the Southern Province of Zambia –. he Special Issus of the Journal of Rural Economics 2011:393-400. (reviewed).

Akiko Nasuda, Hiromitsu Kanno, Takeshi Sakurai 2011,12 Analysis of Impact of Heavy Rainfall Shocks on Time Allocation in Rural Zambia. The Special Issus of the Journal of Rural Economics 2011:385-392. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Akinori Kitsuki and Takeshi Sakurai 2011,12 Seasonal Change of Consumption and Its Composition in Rural Zambia. The Special Issus of the Journal of Rural Economics 2011:380-384. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Ken Miura, Hiromitsu Kanno, and Takeshi Sakurai 2011,12 Livestock Transactions as Coping Strategies in Zambia: New Evidence from High-Frequency Panel Data. Global COE Discussion Paper.

Ken Miura, Hiromitsu Kanno, and Takeshi Sakurai 2011,12 Livestock Transactions as Coping Strategies in Zambia: New Evidence from High-Frequency Panel Data. PRIMCED Discussion Paper No. 15.

Lekprichakul, Thamana, Chieko Umetsu, Tom Evans. 2011,09 Building Social-Ecological Resilience to Food Insecurity in Zambia: Closing a Gap between Thinking and Practice. Proceedings of the Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies (SEEPS) Conference.

Lekprichakul, Thamana and Chieko Umetsu 2011,06 2004/05 Drought Responses and Recovery of Communities in Southern and Eastern Province of Zambia: A Malmquist Productivity Index Approach to Resilience Measurement. Proceedings of the Resilience International Symposium on “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World”.

Sakurai, Takeshi, Akiko Nasuda, Akimi Kitsuki, Ken Miura, Taro Yamauchi, Hiromitsu Kanno 2011,04 Vulnerability and Resilience of Households: The Case of Zambia. The Economic Review 62(2):166-187. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

K.Palanisami, C.R.Ranganathan and Chieko Umetsu. 2011,04 “Groundwater Over-exploitation and Efficiency in Crop Production in South India: Application of Data Envelopment Analysis”. Journal of Applied Operational Research 3(1):13-22. (reviewed).

Lekprichakul, Thamana, Chieko Umetsu, K.Palanisami, Takashi Kume 2011,03 Shock Sensitivity, Land Use Recovery and Resilience: What Can We Learn from the Indian Ocean Tsunami’s Affected Farmers in Tamil Nadu, India?. Proceedings of the 1st EnvironmentAsia International Conference on “Environmental Supporting in Food and Energy Security: Crisis and Opportunity”.

Kume, Takashi, Chieko Umetsu, K. Palanisami 2010,04 “Examination of Recovery from Salinization of Agricultural Area in Tamil Nadu State, India due to the December 2004 Tsunami”. Transactions of the Japanese Society of Irrigation Drainage and Rural Engineering 78(2):83-88. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Hanzawa, Kazuo 2010,03 Use of Dambo Resource and Agricultural Change: 18th Years in a Village of Central Province, Zambia. Journal of Arid Land Studies 19(4):579-583. (in Japanese)

Ito, Chihiro 2010 The Role of Labor Migration to Neigboring Small Towns in Rural Livelihoods: A Case Study in Southern Province, Zambia.. African Studies Quarterly, 12(1): 45-73. (on-line).  http://www.africa.ufl.edu/asq/index.htm

Yoshimura M., Yamashita M., Okamoto M., Miyazaki H., Ishimoto Y. 2009,10 Geospatial Information Analysis for Vulnerability and Resilience of Social- Ecological System. Proceedings of the 30rd Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, TS20-3(CD-ROM).

Yamashita M., Miyazaki H. and Yoshimura M. 2009,10 Utilization of multi-spatial and temporal data for understanding the village level’s livelihood. Proceedings of the 30nd Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, TS20-4(CD-ROM).

Kume, Takashi, Chieko Umetsu, K. Palanisami 2009,05 Impact of the December 2004 tsunami on soil, groundwater and vegetation in the Nagapattinam district, India. Journal of Environmental Management 90:3147-3154. DOI:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.05.027 (reviewed).

Matsumura, Keiichiro 2009,03 Food Security Insitution and Humabnosphere in Zambia. Kyoto Working Papers on Area Studies (No. 47):1-12. (in Japanese)

Chakravorty, Ujjayant, Eithan Hochman, Chieko Umetsu and David Zilberman 2009,02 Water allocation under distribution losses: Comparing alternative institutions. Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 33(2):463-476. DOI:doi:10.1016/j.jedc.2008.04.014 (reviewed).

V. Geethalakshmi, Akiyo Yatagai, Chieko Umetsu, K. Palanisamy 2009,01 Impact of ENSO and the Indian Ocean Dipole on northeast monsoon rainfall of Tamil Nadu State in India. Hydrological Processes 23:633-647. DOI:10.1002/hyp.7191

Shimada S. 2009,01 Introductory analysis of social vulnerability in rural Africa. E-Journal GEO 3(2):1-16. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

NAKAMURA Tetsuya 2009,01 The Livelihood of ‘Escarpment Tonga’: A Case Study of One Village, Southern Zambia.. Working Paper on Social-Ecological Resilience Series(No.2008-005):1-33. (in Japanese)

ITO Chihiro 2009,01 Re-thinking Labour Migration in Relation to Livelihood Diversity in African Rural Area: A Case Study in Southern Province, Zambia . Working Paper on Social-Ecological Resilience Series(No.2008-006):1-21.

Yamauchi, T., Lekprichakul T, Sakurai T, Kanno H, Umetsu C, Sokotela S., 2008,12 Training Local Health Assistants for a Community Health Survey in a Developing Country: —Longitudinal Monitoring of the Growth and Nutrition of Children in Zambia—. J. Higher Education and Lifelong Learning 16:67-75.

Sakurai,Takeshi 2008,09 Smallholders' adaptability to climate change in Sub-Saharan Africa: preliminary investigation based on farm household survey in Zambia. Wako Keizai 41(1):43-65. (in Japanese)

Ito Chihiro 2008,09 New "Hometowns" Realized through Relatiohnship with Migrants. Asian and African Area Studies 8(1):113-117. (in Japanese)

Lawrence S Flint 2008,06 Socio-Ecological Vulnerability and Resilience in an Arena of Rapid Environmental Change: Community Adaptation to Climate Variability in the Upper Zambezi Floodplain. Working Paper on Social-Ecological Resilience Series (No.2008-004):1-48.

Takeshi Sakurai and Kimseyinga Savadogo 2007,11 Civil War Shock and Poverty: The Case of Rural Burkina Faso. Keijiro Otsuka and Takeshi Sakurai (ed.) Poverty and Economic Development. Tokyo-Keizai-Shimpo-sha, Tokyo, pp.159-186. (in Japanese)

Yamauchi, T. , Kim, S.N., Lu, Z., Ichimaru, N., Maekawa, R., Natsuhara, K., Ohtsuka, R., Zhou, H., Yokoyama, S., Yu, W., He, M., Kim, S.H., and Ishii, M. 2007 Age and gender differences in the physical activity patterns of urban school children in Korea and China. Journal of Physiological Anthropology(26):101-107.

Yamauchi, T., Midorikawa, T., Hagihara, J., and Sasaki, K. 2007 Quality of life, nutritional status, physical activity, and their interrelationships of elderly living on an underpopulated island in Japan. Geriatrics and Gerontology International 7:26-33.

Chakravorty, Ujjayant, Donna Fisher, Chieko Umetsu 2007 Environmental Effects of Intensification of Agriculture: The Livestock Production and Regulation. Environmental Economics and Policy Studies 8(4):315-336. (reviewed).

Shinjo, H., Kato, A., Fujii, K., Mori, K., Funakawa, S., and Kosaki, T. 2006 Carbon dioxide emission derived from soil organic matter decomposition and root respiration in Japanese forests under different ecological conditions. . Soil Science and Plant Nutrition(52):233-242.

Walker, R., Hill, K., Gurven, M., Migliano, A., Chagnon, N., Djurovic, G., Hames, R., Hurtado, A.M., Oliver, W.J., De Souza, R., Valeggia, C., and Yamauchi, T. 2006 Growth rates, developmental markers, and life histories in 21 small-scale societies. American Journal of Human Biology 18:295-311.

Zhou, H., Yamauchi, T., Natsuhara, K., Yan, Z., Lin, H., Ichimaru, N., Kim, S.W., Ishii, M., and Ohtsuka, R. 2006 Overweight in urban schoolchildren assessed by body mass index and body fat mass in Dalian, China. . Journal of Physiological Anthropology 25:41-48.

Umetsu, Chieko, Thamana Lekprichakul and Ujjayant Chakravorty 2006 Efficiency and Technical Change in the Philippine Rice Sector during the Post Green Revolution Era. Studies in Regional Science 36(1):161-178. (reviewed).

Beekley, M.D., Abe, T., Kondo, M., Midorikawa, T., and Yamauchi, T. 2006 Comparison of maximum aerobic capacity and body composition of elite Sumo wrestlers to elite athletes in combat and other sports. Journal of Sports Science & Medicine(Combat Sports Special Issue):13-20.

Ohashi, J., Naka, I., Kimura, R., Tokunaga, K., Yamauchi, T., Natsuhara, K., Furusawa, T., Yamamoto, R., Nakazawa, M., Ishida, T., and Ohtsuka, R. 2006 Polymorphisms in the ABO blood group gene in three populations in New Georgia Islands, Solomon Islands. . Journal of Human Genetics 51(5):407-411.

Sakurai, T. 2006 Intensification of Rainfed Lowland Rice Production in West Africa: Present Status and Potential Green Revolution. Developing Economies XLIV(2):232-251. (reviewed).

【Review Articles】

Hitoshi SHINJO Shigeru ARAKI 2011 Advances in soil science in Sub-Saharan Africa. 1. Introduction to ecological environments and agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa. Japanese Society of Soil and Plant Nutrition 82(4):330-337. (in Japanese) (reviewed).

Research Presentations

【Oral Presentation】

Chieko Umetsu, Thamana Lekprichakul, Takeshi Sakurai, Shuhei Shimada, Hitoshi Shinjo, Mitsunori Yoshimura Environmental variability and farmers’ resilience to food insecurity in Southern Zambia. IHDP Session, Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2012, 2012.05.20-2012.05.25, International Conference Hall, Makuhari Messe, Chiba.

Umetsu, C., Shinjo H., Sakurai T., Shiamda S., Yoshimura M., Lekprichakul T. Dynamics of social-ecological systems: Farmers' resilience and food security in Southern Zambi. Planet Under Pressure 2012, 2012.03.25-2012.03.29, Excel London, London.

Lekprichakul Thamana, Chieko Umetsu Measuring Climatic Resilience Using Generalized Malmquist Productivity Index. DEA Symposium 2012,, 2012.02.20-2012.02.21, Seikei University, Tokyo.

Ishimoto, Y. and Miyazaki H. Reciprocity in Southern Province of Zambia: An Analysis of Mobile Phone Use. the Japanese Society of Regional and Agricultural Development Autumn Study Meeting, 2011.11.16, Nagoya, Aichi. (in Japanese)

H. Miyazaki, Y. Ishimoto, H. Shinjo, U.Tanaka. Can sweet potato become major crop?. the Japanese Society of Regional and Agricultural Development Autumn Study Meeting, 2011.11.16, Nagoya, Aichi. (in Japanese)

Takeshi Sakurai, Hiromitsu Kanno, and Chieko Umetsu Are they ready for climate change? Evidence of farmers’ potential resilience against unexpected weather event from Zambia. Annual Conference of Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 2011.09.23-2011.09.24, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki. (in Japanese)

Lekprichakul, Thamana, Chieko Umetsu, Tom Evans Building Social-Ecological Resilience to Food Insecurity in Zambia: Closing a Gap between Thinking and Practice. Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies (SEEPS) Conference, 2011.09.23-2011.09.24, Nagasaki University, Nagasaki.

Takeshi Sakurai, Hiromitsu Kanno, Taro Yamauchi, Hiroyuki Shimono, Akiko Nasuda, Akinori Kitsuki, Ken Miura, Sayuri Kon, Harutaka Kubo Assessment of Household Resilience: The Case of Southern Province of Zambia. 3rd Lusaka Resilience Workshop, 2011.08.25, Golfview Hotel, Lusaka.

Lekprichakul, Thamana, Chieko Umetsu, Tom Evans Assessment of Vulnerability and Resilience to Food Insecurity in Zambia. the 3rd Lusaka Resilience Workshop: “Towards Resilience of Rural Households and Communities” , 2011.08.25, Golfview Hotel, Lusaka.

H. Miyazaki, Masako Miyashita, Jungo Nishio, Ueru Tanaka and Hitoshi Shinjo Ecological Resilience of the Farms under Various Agro-Ecosystems in Southern Province of Zambia. Resilience International Symposium "Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World", 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Takeshi Sakurai, Hiromitsu Kanno, Taro Yamauchi, Hiroyuki Shimono, Akiko Nasuda, Akinori Kitsuki, Ken Miura, Sayuri Kon, Harutaka Kubo How to Integrate Social Science and Natural Science in the Study on Socio-Ecological Resilience: The Case of Southern Province of Zambia. Resilience International Symposium on “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World”, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Evans TP and Caylor KK. Integrated Analysis for Spatial and Temporal Resilience to Food Insecurity. Resilience International Symposium “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World”, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Taro Yamauchi ,Sayuri Kon, Harutaka Kubo, Thamana Lekprichakul, Takeshi Sakurai, Chieko Umetsu Longitudinal Monitoring Survey on the Nutritional Status of Adults Living in Contrasting Ecological Zones in Zambia. Resilience International Symposium on “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World”, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Lekprichakul, Thamana, Chieko Umetsu 2004/05 Drought Responses and Recovery of Communities in Southern and Eastern Province of Zambia. Resilience International Symposium: “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World” , 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Chihiro Ito The Characteristics of “Rural Business” and its Impact on Local Livelihood and Vulnerability: A Case Study of Southern Province, Zambia. International Symposium:Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Mitsunori Yoshimura, Megumi Yamashita, Keiichiro Matsumura, Hidetoshi Miyazaki, Yudai Ishimoto Adaptation and Coping Behavior for Food Security in Southern Province. Resilience International Symposium Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Hiroyuki Shimono, Hidetoshi Miyazaki, Hitoshi Shinjo, Hiromitsu Kanno and Takeshi Sakurai Effects of Planting Date on Maize Productivity in Zambia. Resilience International Symposium Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Takeshi Sakurai, Akiko Nasuda, Akinori Kitsuki, Ken Miura, Taro Yamauchi, and Hiromitsu Kanno Measuring Resilience of Household Consumption – The Case of the Southern Province of Zambia –. Annual Conference of Agricultural Economics Society of Japan, 2011.06.11-2011.06.12, Waseda University, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Akinori Kitsuki and Takeshi Sakurai Seasonal Change of Consumption and Its Composition in Rural Zambia. Annual Conference of Agricultural Economics Society of Japan, 2011.06.11-2011.06.12, Waseda University, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Akiko Nasuda, Hiromitsu Kanno, and Takeshi Sakurai Analysis of Impact of Heavy Rainfall Shocks on Time Allocation in Rural Zambia. Annual Conference of Agricultural Economics Society of Japan, 2011.06.11-2011.06.12, Waseda University, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Takeshi Sakurai, Akiko Nasuda, Akinori Kitsuki, Ken Miura, Taro Yamauchi, Hiromitsu Kanno Rainfall Variability and Farmers’ Resilience in Semi-Arid Tropics in Zambia. Japan Geoscience Union Meeting 2011, 2011.05.22-2011.05.27, Makuhari Messe International Conference Center, Chiba.

Hanzawa, K. Food Security and Small-Scale Irrigated Farming in C Village, Central Province, Zambia. Annual Meeting of Japan Association of African Studies, 2011.05.20-2011.05.22, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki. (in Japanese)

H. Miyazaki, Y. Ishimoto, M. Yamashita, H. Shinjo, U. Tanaka. Coping Behavior with Rainfall Change by Farmer in Southern Zambia. Annual Meeting of Japan Association for African Studies, 2011.05.20-2011.05.22, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki. (in Japanese)

Ishimoto, Y. A Preliminary Study on Reciprocity via Mobile Phones: A Case Study of Southern Province of Zambia. Annual Meeting of Japan Association of African Studies , 2011.05.20-2011.05.22, Hirosaki University, Hirosaki. (in Japanese)

Evans TP. Agent-Based Modeling of Smallholder Decision-Making and Food Security in Rural Zambia. Policy Analysis and Public Finance Faculty Group Speaker Series, 2011.04.01, Indiana University, Bloomington.

Lekprichakul, Thamana, Chieko Umetsu, K.Palanisami, Takashi Kume Shock Sensitivity, Land Use Recovery and Resilience: What Can We Learn from the Indian Ocean Tsunami’s Affected Farmers in Tamil Nadu, India?. the 1st EnvironmentAsia International Conference on “Environmental Supporting in Food and Energy Security: Crisis and Opportunity”, 2011.03.22-2011.03.25, Rama Garden Hotel, Bangkok.

Umetsu, Chieko, Thamana Lekprichakul, K.Palanisami, M. Shanthasheela, Takashi Kume “Resilience of Tsunami Affected Farm Households in Coastal Region of Tamil Nadu, India”. Resilience2011 Meeting, 2011.03.12-2011.03.16, Arizona State University, Tempe, U.S.A..

Kume, Takashi, Chieko Umetsu, K. Palanisami “How can resilience be understood and quantified? -A case study of the 2004 tsunami disaster in Nagapattinam district, Tamil Nadu, India” . Resilience2011 Meeting, 2011.03.12-2011.03.16, Arizona State University, Tempe, U.S.A..

Evans, Tom, Thamana Lekprichakul, Chieko Umetsu, Kelly Caylor “An agent-based model of land use and smallholder resilience to climate variability in rural Zambia” . Resilience2011 Meeting, 2011.03.12-2011.03.16, Arizona State University, Tempe, U.S.A..

Sakurai, Takeshi, Hiromitsu Kanno, Taro Yamauchi "How vulnerable and resilient are farmers against unexpectedly extreme weather?: Evidence from the case of heavy rain in drought-prone semi-arid area of Zambia". Resilience2011 Meeting, 2011.03.12-2011.03.16, Arizona State University, Tempe, U.S.A..

Thamana Lekprichakul, Chieko Umetsu, Tom Evans “Spatial Heterogeneity and Temporal Dynamics of Social-Ecological Resilience to Food Insecurity: A Case of Zambia”. Resilience2011 Meeting, 2011.03.12-2011.03.16, Arizona State University, Tempe, U.S.A..

Evans TP. Spatial Analysis and Modeling of Climate Variability, Food Security, and Social-Ecological Resilience in Rural Zambia. Geography Colloquium Series,, 2011.02.25, Michigan State University, East Lansing.

Matsumura, Keiichiro Logic of Distribution in Food Aid: Zambia, Ethiopia, America/ International Community. The 75th Meeting of Current Anthropology, 2011.01.30, Tokyo University, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Matsumura, Keiichiro Hunger and Reforestation: Environmental Dilemma in Northern Ethiopia. The 12th Symposium Waseda. Society of Cultural Anthropology, 2011.01.22, Waseda University, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Takeshi Sakurai Empirical Analyses of Household and Individual Resilience: The Case of Heavy Rainfall in Drought-Prone Zone in Zambia. Annual Conference of Japan Society for International Development, 2010.12.04-2010.12.05, Waseda University, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Kume, Takashi, Chieko Umetsu, K.Palanisami "Recovery of agricultural fields from the 2004 tsunami in Nagapattinam district, Tamil Nadu, India". the GLP Open Meeting 2010, 2010.10.17-2010.10.19, Arizona State University, Arizona, U.S.A..

Miyazaki, Hidetoshi, Y. Ishimoto, M. Yamashita, H.Shinjo, U.Tanaka "Land Use Management and Coping Behaviors with Climate Change: A Case Study of Southern Zambia". the GLP Open Meeting 2010, 2010.10.17-2010.10.19, Arizona State University, Arizona, U.S.A..

Lekprichakul, Thamana “Shock sensitivity, land use recovery and resilience: Lessons learned from the Indian Ocean's tsunami affected farmers in Tamil Nadu". the GLP Open Meeting 2010, 2010.10.17-2010.10.19, Arizona State University, Arizona, U.S.A..

Evans, Tom “An agent-based model of land use and smallholder resilience to climate variability in rural Zambia”. the GLP Open Meeting 2010, 2010.10.17-2010.10.19, Arizona State University, Arizona, U.S.A..

Umetsu, Chieko, Thamana Lekprichakul, K.Palanisami, M. Shanthasheela, Takashi Kume, “Resilience of Tsunami Affected Households in Coastal Region of Tamil Nadu, India”. The 2010 Meeting of the Society of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 2010.09.11-2010.09.12, Nagoya University, Nagoya. (in Japanese) Proceedings, pp.224-225.

Lekprichakul, Thamana. “Shock sensitivity and resilience: Lessons learned from the Indian Ocean tsunami survivors in Tamil Nadu, India”. the 16th Annual Asian Development Studies Program National Conference, East-West Center,, 2010.06.29-2010.07.01, Honolulu, Hawaii.

C.R.Ranganathan, Chieko Umetsu, K.Palanisami, Thamana Lekprichakul The impact of climate change on yield and yield variability and optimum land allocation for major crops in Tamil Nadu, India: An econometric approach. JASID 2009 Annual Meeting, 2009.11.21-2009.11.22, Ritsumeikan Asia Pacific University, Oita.

Hitoshi Shinjo, Kaori Ando, Yoko Noro, Hajime Kuramitsu, Shotaro Takenaka, Reiichi Miura, Ueru Tanaka, Shozo Shibata, Hidetoshi Miyazaki, Sesele Sokotela Ecological Resilience under Slash-and-Burn Agriculture and Fallowing in a Miombo Ecosystem in Eastern Province of Zambia. Resilience International Symposium Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, 京都 総合地球環境学研究所.

Yoshimura M., Yamashita M., Okamoto M., Miyazaki H., Ishimoto Y Geospatial Information Analysis for Vulnerability and Resilience of Social- Ecological System. the 30th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, 2009.10.19-2009.10.23, Beijing China.

Yamashita M., Miyazaki H. and Yoshimura M. Utilization of multi-spatial and temporal data for understanding the village level’s livelihood. the 30th Asian Conference on Remote Sensing, 2009.10.19-2009.10.23, Beijing, China.

Lekprichakul, Thamana, Chieko Umetsu Agricultural Drought Analysis: An Oaxaca Decomposition of Malmquist Index. OR51 Annual Conference, 2009.09.08-2009.09.10, University of Warwick, Warwick, UK.

Lekprichakul, Thamana, Chieko Umetsu, Taro Yamauchi Underweight and Overweight Situation in Zambia: Logical or Paradoxical?. WEAI 84th Annual Conference, 2009.06.29-2009.07.03, Sheraton Vancouver Wall Centre, Vancouver, Canada.

UMESTU, Chieko Vulnerability and Resilience of Social-Ecological Systems in Zambia. Seminar on Vulnerability and Resilience of African Rural Societies in Semi-arid Areas, 2009.05.01, JICA, Tokyo, JAPAN.

K. Palanisami, Chieko Umetsu, Takashi Kume, M. Shantha Sheela Impact of Tsunami on the farm households of Coastal Tamilnadu State, India. IHDP 7th Open Meeting, 2009.04.26-2009.04.30, World Conference Center, Bonn, Germany.

Kajoba, Gear Vulnerability and Resilience of Rural Society in Zambia: From the View Point of Land Tenure and Food Security. IHDP 7th Open Meeting, 2009.04.26-2009.04.30, World Conference Center, Bonn, Germany.

Lekprichakul, Thamana Impact of 2004/2005 Drought on Zambia’s Agricultural Production and Economy and Subsistent Farmers’ Coping Behaviors. IHDP 7th Open Meeting, 2009.04.26-2009.04.30, World Conference Center, Bonn, Germany.

Mulenga, Chileshe Resilience of Rural Households and Communities in the Context of HIV/AIDS and Increasingly Erratic rainfall: Impact on people around Mwami Adventist Hospital, Chipata, Zambia. IHDP 7th Open Meeting, 2009.04.23-2009.04.30, World Conference Center, Bonn, Germany.

Sakurai, Takeshi A Natural Experiment of Demographic Pressure on Soil Fertility Management: The Case of Rural Burkina Faso. IHDP 7th Open Meeting, 2009.04.23-2009.04.30, World Conference Center, Bonn, Germany.

KYO Akie The health care systemin a village of ex-leprosy patients in Zambia. Resilience PJ Workshop, 2009.02.20-2009.02.21, Wakayama. (in Japanese)

KYO Akie Assessment of activities of daily living of ex-leprosy patients in rural Zambia :. the 19th Annual Conference The Japan Society for International Development, 2008.11.22-2008.11.23, Hiroshima, Japan. (in Japanese)

Chieko UMETSU Why Farmers Still Invest in Wells in Hard-rock Regions When the Water-table is fast Declining?” . the HydroChange 2008: Hydrological changes and management from headwater to the ocean, 2008.10.01-2008.10.03, Kyoto, Japan.

Chihiro Ito The Role and Importance of Labour Migration in Rural Area in Zambia:Labour Migration as One Means for Securing the Lives of Small-scale Farmers. 45th Japan African Congress, 2008.05.24-2008.05.25, Kyoto. (in Japanese)

【Poster Presentation】

Chieko, Umetsu, Yudai Ishimoto, Hiromitsu Kanno, Thamana Lekprichakul, Hidetoshi MIyazaki, Takeshi Sakurai, Hitoshi Shinjo, Taro Yamauchi Building farmers’ resilience to food insecurity in Southern Zambia under rainfall variability. World Water Week 2012: Water and Food Security, 2012.08.26-2012.08.31, Stockholm International Fairs & Congress Center . (World Water Week 2012 Best Poster Award)

Umetsu C., Lekprichakul T., Palanisami K., Shanthasheela M., Kume T. Building Resilience of Taunami Affected Farm Households in Coastal Regions of India. Planet Under Pressure 2012, 2012.03.25-2012.03.29, Excel London, London.

Shinjo, H., Nishio, J., Miyazaki, H., Yamashita, M., Yoshimura, M., and Funakawa, S. patial evaluation of land resources in Southern Province, Zambia, using maize productivity under variable climatic conditions as the indicator. Annual Meeting of Japanese Society of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 2011.08.08-2011.08.10, Tsukuba. (in Japanese)

H. Miyazaki, Y. Ishimoto, M. Yamashita, H. Shinjo, U. Tanaka Adaptive and Coping Behaviors with Rainfall Fluctuation by Small-Scale Farmers in Southern Province of Zambia. Resilience International Symposium Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Narisawa Noriko Autonomy and Vulnerability of African Peasant Women: Diversified Non-farming Livelihoods and Intra-household Relations among the Tonga of Zambia. Resilience International Symposium “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World”, 2011.06.18-2011.06.29, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Akinori Kitsuki, Takeshi Sakurai Seasonal Consumption Smoothing in Rural Zambia. Resilience International Symposium on “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Miura Ken, Hiromitsu Kanno, Takeshi Sakurai Effect of Heavy Rainfall Shock on Asset Dynamics in Rural Zambia - An Examination of Wealth-Differentiated Coping Strategies-. Resilience International Symposium on “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World”, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Sayuri Kon, Thamana Lecprichakul, Cieko Umetsu ,Takeshi Sakurai, Taro Yamauchi Food Consumption,Physical Activity, and Travel Patterns for Adults Living in Three Constrasting echological Zones in Rural Zambi. Resilience International Symposium on “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World”, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Harutaka Kubo, Sayuri Kon, Thamana Lecprichakul, Takeshi Sakurai, Hiromitsu Kanno, Taro Yamauchi Nutritional status and seasonal growth of Tonga children in rural Zambia-A longitudinal growth monitoring over 26 months. Resilience International Symposium on “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World”, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Akiko Nasuda, Hiromitsu Kanno, Takeshi Sakurai Analysis of Impact of Heavy Rainfall Shocks on Time Allocation Changes in Rural Zambia. Resilience International Symposium on “Building Social-Ecological Resilience in a Changing World”, 2011.06.18-2011.06.20, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, Kyoto.

Miura Ken, Hiromitsu Kanno, and Takeshi Sakurai Effect of Heavy Rainfall Shock on Asset Dynamics in Rural Zambia - An Examination of Wealth-Differentiated Coping Strategies-. Annual Conference of Agricultural Economics Society of Japan, 2011.06.11-2011.06.12, Waseda University, Tokyo. (in Japanese)

Narisawa, Noriko Social Values, Gender, and Beer Brewing among the Tonga of Southern Zambia. Pre-Forum Session for the 7th International Research Meeting “The Role of African Studies for "African Crisis": Emerging Approaches to Understanding Gender-based Knowledge and Techniques in Africa”, 2011.03.26, Kyoto University, Kyoto.

H. Miyazaki, M. Yamashita, Y. Ishimoto, H. Shinjo, U. Tanaka "Small-Scale Farmers’Adaptive and Coping Behaviors to Climatic Variability: A Case Study of Southern Zambia". Resilience 2011 Meeting, 2011.03.12-2011.03.16, Arizona State University, Tempe, U.S.A..

Ishimoto, Yudai Introduction and Infiltration of Labor migration in Sahelian Area-Case study of a village in northern part of Burkina Faso-. IHDP 7th Open Meeting, 2009.04.26-2009.04.30, World Conference Center, Bonn, Germany.

Hiroyuki Shimono, Hidetoshi Miyazaki, Hitoshi Shinjo, Hiromitsu Kanno, TakeshiSakurai Is the optimal planting date for high maize productivity chosen by Zambian smallholders?. 7th Asian Crop Science Conference, 2011.09.27-2011.09.30, Bogor, Indonesia.

【Invited Lecture / Honorary Lecture / Panelist】

Chieko Umetsu Food Security and Resilience in Semi-Arid Tropical Zambia. Japanese Society of Sand Dune Research 59th Annual Meeting Symposium “Direction of Food Issues in Drylands”, 2013.07.04, Tokyo University of Technology, Campus Innovation Center, Tokyo.. (in Japanese) Keynote Speech

Chieko Umetsu Resilience of Social-Ecological Systems for food security. JIRCAS International Symposium 2012: Resilient Food Production System – Roles of Agricultural Technology Development in Developing Regions, 2012.11.28-2012.11.29, Tsukuba International Congress Center.. Keynote Speech

Organized Session: “Resilience of Social-Ecological Systems and Poverty Reduction”. Japan Society for International Development (JASID) 21st Annual Meeting, 2010.12.04-1020.12.05, Waseda University, Tokyo.. (in Japanese)

Lekprichakul, Thamana Chronic Under-Nutrition and Obesity in Pre-School Children of a Heavily Indebted Poor Country (HIPC): What Explains the Paradox?. Center for Contemporary Asian Studies (CCAS) and Faculty of Policy Studies, 2010.01.25, Doshisha University, Kyoto.

Organized Session: “The Vulnerability and Resilience in Coastal Zones”. The 7th Open Meeting of the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Research Community “Social Challenges of Global Change”, 2009.04.26-2009.04.30, World Conference Center, Bonn, Germany.

Organized Session: “The Vulnerability and Resilience of Social-Ecological Systems in rural Zambia”. The 7th Open Meeting of the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Research Community “Social Challenges of Global Change” , 2009.04.26-2009.04.30, World Conference Center, Bonn, Germany.

Chieko UMETSU Vulnerable society against drought: conditions for building resilience for social-ecological systems. “A new relationship between ecology and sustainability science”, the 56th Annual Meeting of Ecological Society of Japan (ESJ56), 2009.03.17-2009.03.21, Morioka. (in Japanese)

Chieko UMETSU Vulnerability and Resilience of Social-Ecological Systems in Zambia. Seminar on Vulnerability and Resilience of African Rural Societies in Semi-arid Areas, 2008.05.01, Tokyo, Japan.