Full Research

StageFR
Project No.C-09-Init
Project NameDesigning Local Frameworks for Integrated Water Resources Management
Abbreviated TitleC-09-Init
Project LeaderKUBOTA Jumpei
Research AxisCirculation
URLhttp://www.chikyu.ac.jp/P-C09/
Key WordsIntegrated Water Resources Management (IWRM), local water resources governance, pro-humanistic water resources assessment,Water Consilience

 

○Research Subject and Objectives

   The concept of Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) was first proposed in the 1990s, at the time of worldwide growing environmental awareness and has been recognized as a fundamental principle for comprehensive water resources management, where in various sectors and many stakeholders are involved. However, challenges still remain in the implementation of IWRM in local communities and effective assessment of the influence of human activities on the water environment. IWRM has focused on integrating sectors and organizations that govern various resources, such as surface water and groundwater. However, there appears to be a lack of systematic flexibility, because they have insisted on water allocation plans of the demand side rather than various requests by the users’side, and historical and cultural backgrounds sometimes have not been considered well. Further, local water resources have been under joint management by water users, but there has been a switch to top-down management by public organizations with their increasing involvement, which follows modernization and expansion of irrigation systems. Moreover, qualitative changes are occurring within the structure of society, such as hastening of private assignment of water management. Therefore, new frameworks/guidelines have been requested for local to regional water resources management (e.g.Biswas 2004). Furthermore, the target of IWRM is to focus on “quantity” over “quality.”Water management must consider domestic and industrial water quality in addition to assessing water quantity for agricultural use when assessing global water resources dynamics.

 

   The goal of C-09-Init is to present water resources management at the local level, which is the foundation of IWRM, to be a social implemented, and to develop the knowledge structure and ability to implement this management among the concerned parties. In particular, C-09-Init considers a management structure that reflects the relationship among various water users. Based on such specific content and necessary conditions for establishing the management structure, the aim is to suggest desirable local water resources management guidelines through the co-creation of “Wisdom of Land and Water Management” by co-operation between science and society. The tools to implement the techniques for a more proactive discussion and to achieve specific goals will also be developed. Based on such research results, information grounded in scientific evidence for a future study will be presented to various stakeholders from policy makers to local end water users.

 

   Finally, C-09-Init will present implementable resolutions to the following problems of various stakeholders: a. changes in water resources dynamics because of changes in local water usage, b.environmental problems of agricultural land (soil salinization and ecosystem changes), c. development of new water resources for increase in water demand, and d. water resources management to maximize and guarantee ecological services in targeted environments. Further, water resources governance will be co-created by scientific and societal practices to achieve these goals. The following results will be returned to local communities, and will be instrumental in working toward a solution for the environmental problems: a. efficacy evaluation for local water resources management; b. assessment of the relationship between local water resources management and water usage/environment; c. necessary conditions for desirable local water resources management; d. contents and rules of wisdom that support desirable local water resources management; e. assessment of the influence of local water resources management on global water resources dynamics. 

○Progress and Results in 2014

Overall progress

 

   We established several study sites in Indonesia, Turkey, Egypt, and Japan to accomplish the goals of C-09-Init.Among these study sites, the cases in Indonesia and Turkey provided a geographical and hydrological contrast between humid and semi-arid to arid regions under the growing demand in the presence of water resources associated with rapid economic growth, whereas the Japanese case was considered because of a steady or decreasing demand for water resources. According to the comments provided by the Project Evaluation Committee (PEC) in FY2012 (the interim review, FR2→FR3), we changed our research direction to focus more on the cases in Indonesia and Turkey, with special emphasis on conducting co-creation studies with various stakeholders, because Indonesia and Turkey provide a simple hydrological contrast between humid and arid regions and their differences in history and culture provide for a comparative study in terms of water management structure. We held stakeholders meetings in these areas to re-identify problems and seek new ways of establishing proper water resources management and solving associated problems. Through these activities, we analyzed changes in stakeholder’s behaviors and decision-making processes to evaluate the methodology for a transdisciplinary study.  Furthermore, in response to the PEC’s comments in FY2013 (FR3→FR4), we concentrated more on field studies such as basic surveys on human and social sciences and collaborative work with various stakeholders, rather than the assessment by the global hydrological modeling. In FY2014, we archived the improvement of water management in South Sulawesi, Indonesia by a series of collaborative meetings with stakeholders, establishment of a new “Forum DAS”(river committee) preparatory committee in Bali, Indonesia; and success of a pilot project of “night irrigation” for saving water and achieving higher production. 

 

   Through these activities, C-09-Init aims at an assessment of the influence of man-made changes in the hydrological cycle of the environments as well as a response to problems that have risen because of environmental impacts. This is an essential topic in the Circulation Program. Moreover, with respect to local water and land management, C-09-Init aims to concretely work on the plans drafted in the Gaia Initiative as an Initiative-based Project. This states that “As human societies design their futures, they require best understandings of the Earth’s natural dynamism and the significance of human action within it. Therefore, the Gaia Initiative investigates of the physiospheric bases of humanity at multiple spatiotemporal scales; and it emphasizes on the description of physical standards related to boundaries and thresholds in order to allow the analysis of and best eco-technological adaptations to dynamic Earth environments.”

 

Individual results of survey and research

 

   The following three points are described as basic results to the end of FR4. 1) We reorganized the project design according to PEC’ comments and focused on the cases in Indonesia and Turkey as major target areas for transdisciplinary studies. 2) Based on the results of our observational survey, we have started collaborative studies, such as meetings,workshops and participatory monitoring in South Sulawesi, Bali and Turkey in collaboration with various stakeholders. 3) Through these collaborative studies, we archived the improvement of water management in South Sulawesi,Indonesia by a series of collaborative meetings with stakeholders,establishment of a new “Forum DAS” preparatory committee in Bali, Indonesia,and the success of a pilot project of “night irrigation” for saving water and achieving higher production.

 

(1) Clarification of conventional water resources management systems in humid areas and attempts to co-creation of knowledge between science and society (Indonesia):

  We further conducted hydrological observations and land use surveys of targeted watersheds in Bali and South Sulawesi, beginning in 2011, and clarified water use and balance in rice cultivation during the dry season.These studies revealed that water users cultivated paddy during the dry season considering their respective geographical conditions while empirically utilizing limited water resources. Moreover, we have established systems in South Sulawesi to realize “co-creation by science and society”supported by various stakeholders, including farmers, local municipalities, and a NGO. In Bali, we implemented a fact-finding survey on water governing structures whose basis is Subak and found that managing communities regarded as autonomous had changed into co-operative associations organized under public policies; and that public-financing systems prompted such dynamics. We have also started surveys on recent land use change under globalization and mass tourism.Subak is widely recognized as an ideal autonomous irrigation system (Geertz 1972, Lansing 1991, 2006; Ostrom 1992); however, we confirmed recent changes in the functions and roles of Subak. As outcomes of natural scientific surveys, isotopic analysis on various water origins in the whole watershed exhibited the importance of deep groundwater flow maintaining stable river flow during the dry period. The effects of the introduction of cash crops, such as clove and banana, on water balance and soil erosion were quantified by the field experiments. These results supported the people’s perception and recognition of recent problems because of land use change.

 

(2) Outcomes of the collaboration work with various stakeholders in Indonesia

   1) Bali: The first stakeholders meeting in Bali was held in September 2013. Over 50 leaders of Subak in the Saba River watershed in the north of Bali Island and related government officials from various sections attended the meeting. Most participants described problems that had recently arisen between Subak members and outsiders, such as illegally dumped waste associated with water pollution and illegal construction on irrigation canals. Because Subak comprises farmers, it was difficult to solve these problems beyond the governance of Subak. Participants realized the necessity for communication beyond the Subak governance; therefore, we are now preparing comprehensive meetings on watershed management involving other stakeholders outside Subak. The second stakeholders meeting was held on October 2014. Based on the recognition of recent problems raised by rapid land use change with urbanization and cash-crop introduction, the Forum DAS (river committee) preparatory committee were established, comprising heads of Subaks,officials and engineers in local governments, scientists and NGO workers. One preparatory meeting was held in December 2014 and another will be held in February 2015” and revise accordingly.

   2) South Sulawesi: The lack of proper communication among water managers (gate operators on irrigation canals), who are employed by both the government and water users’ associations, was clearly identified in the stakeholders’ meeting in Sulawesi, wherein almost 100 leaders of farmers, water managers, and government supervisors participated. After this meeting, we supported the autonomous discussion among water managers. Allmeetings, including the small ones, were recorded to trace changes in awareness and behavior and to describe our actions to stakeholders. Through these meetings, a detailed schedule of water allocation was established and shared with water managers and farmers, improving the performance of water allocation and consequently rice production. We are planning to have an otheraction-meeting series in collaboration with stakeholders, expanding to other irrigation districts.

 

(3)Integrated understanding of the impacts of institutions, technologies and outlook on natural resources of water users related to water resources management(Turkey):

   Since decentralization in the 1990s, Turkey has had governance problems such as an information division and unclear attribution of responsibility. In particular, excessive use of water and fertilizers has increased soil salinity in the government-initiated irrigation project in the Harran Plain. We have continued to observe water quality including salinity, hydrology, and land use changes; and have found that increasing numbers of farmers are growing citrus in the Seyhan Basin, owing to increased price. This crop requires more water, and government subsidies are changing crop patterns in the Harran Plain. We have conducted a questionnaire survey of the willingness to pay and farmers’ behaviours and their recognition of water use. The results revealed that most farmers are dissatisfied with the new water law and government policies. This law prevents farmers from communicating and building mutual trust with public sectors. In the first stakeholders meeting in March 2014, we tried promoting mutual understanding among various stakeholders and stimulating them to proactively co-operate for better water management. After the meeting, a water users’ association (WUA) consulted us on how to avoid over irrigation and a resulting decrease in production. We proposed a night irrigation system. The WUA conducted a pilot project with the governmental financing with the support of an NGO. The pilot project was very successful, achieving both the reduction of irrigation water use and 30% higher production. This pilot study was reported in the second stakeholders meeting in October 2014. We expect that more WUAs will employ the night irrigation system.

 

 (4) Development of tools for sharing information among stakeholders

   We have been developing a GIS system (tentatively called “Atlas of water resources”), including land use change analyzed by satellite data,various statistics, and areas devastated by past flooding and drought. Both the hydrological model and GIS system are being utilized as tools in workshops to share water resources management information among various stakeholders.

○Project Members

KUBOTA Jumpei ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Professor,Project Leader )

RAMPISELA, Dorotea Agnes ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Associate Professor,Co-Project Leader )

NAKAGAMI Ken'ichi ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature/Ritsumeikan University,Visiting Professor/Specially Appointed Professor )

KOTERA Akihiko ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Senior Project Researcher )

SEKINO Nobuyuki ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project Researcher )

HASHIMOTO WATANABE Satoko ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project Researcher )

KATO Hisaaki ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project Research Associate )

KOYAMA Masami ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature,Project Research Associate )

<Indonesia>

MIZUTANI Masakazu ( Utsunomiya University,Professor Emeritus )

KAGAMI Haruya ( Kanazawa University,Professor )

OUE Hiroki ( Ehime University,Professor )

SATO Yoshinobu ( Ehime University,Associate Professor )

LABAN, Sartika ( Ehime University,Doctoral Student )

LIMIN, Sanz Grifrio ( Ehime University,Doctoral Student )

HIRAYAMA Naoko ( The University of Shiga Prefecture,Assistant Professor )

NAKAGIRI Takao ( Osaka Prefecture University,Associate Professor )

OGUNI Kazuko ( Nihon Fukushi University,Associate Professor )

ARIF, Chnsnul ( Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia,Lecturer )

CHADIRIN, Yudi ( Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia,Lecturer )

Liyantono ( Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia,Lecturer )

PURWANTO, Mohamad Yanuar Jarwadi ( Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia,Lecturer )

SAPTOMO, Satyanto K. ( Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia,Lecturer )

SETIAWAN, Budi I. ( Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia,Professor )

SUDARTHA, Made ( Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia,Research Associate )

Sutoyo ( Bogor Agricultural University, Indonesia,Lecturer )

BAJA, Sumbangan ( Hasanuddin University, Indonesia,Professor )

IDRUS, Ilmi ( Hasanuddin University, Indonesia,Professor )

MUSA, Yunus ( Hasanuddin University, Indonesia,Professor )

MUSTAFA, Muslimin ( Hasanuddin University, Indonesia,Professor )

BUDIASA, I Wayan ( Udayana University, Indonesia,Lecturer )

PITANA, I. Gde ( Udayana University, Indonesia,Professor )

MARUDDIN, Ratna ( NGO "Lembaga Pelangi", Indonesia,Staff )

<Turkey>

NAGANO Takanori ( Kobe University,Associate Professor )

YAMAMURA Yuta ( Kobe University,Graduate Student )

TAMURA Ulara ( Kanazawa University, Center for Cultural Resource Studies,Project Assistant Professor )

HAMASAKI Hironori ( Nagasaki University, Graduate School of Fisheries Science and Environmental Studies,Associate Professor )

NAITO Masanori ( Doshisha University,Professor )

YAMANLAR MIZUNO Minako ( JAPON TÜRK DOSTLUK DERNEĞİ,Director )

AKҪA, Erhan ( Adiyaman University, Turkey,Associate Professor )

OĞUZ, Ibrahim ( Adiyaman University, Turkey,Assistant Professor )

SABBAĞ, Çiğdem ( Adiyaman University, Turkey,Assistant Professor )

TOPAK, Yusuf ( Adiyaman University, Turkey,Assistant Professor )

ZORLU, Kemal ( Adiyaman University, Turkey,Assistant Professor )

BERBEROĞLU, Suha ( Çukurova University, Turkey,Professor )

ÇETİN, Mahmut ( Çukurova University, Turkey,Professor )

DÖNMEZ, Cenk ( Çukurova University, Turkey,Assistant Professor )

GÜLTEKİN, Ufuk ( Çukurova University, Turkey,Assistant Professor )

İBRİKÇİ, Hayriye ( Çukurova University, Turkey,Professor )

KANBER, Rıza ( Çukurova University, Turkey,Professor )

KAPUR, Selim ( Çukurova University, Turkey,Professor )

KESKİNER, Demir Ali ( Çukurova University, Turkey,Graduate Student )

KİBAR, Mustafa ( Çukurova University, Turkey,Professor and Rector )

TİLKİCİ, Burak ( Çukurova University, Turkey,Graduate Student )

AYDOĞDU, Mustafa Hakkı ( Harran University, Turkey,Lecturer )

BİLGİLİ, Ali Volkan ( Harran University, Turkey,Associate Professor )

ҪULLU, Mehmet A. ( Harran University, Turkey,Professor )

MUTLU, İbrahim Halil ( Harran University, Turkey,Professor and Rector )

SATIR, Onur ( Yuzuncu Yil University, Turkey,Assistant Professor )

BAYSAL, Mehmet Emin ( General Directorate of State Hydraulic Works, Turkey,Head of a department )

DONMA, Sevgi ( State Hydraulic Works, Turkey,Engineer )

DEMIR, Hüseyin ( GAP Regional Development Administration, Turkey,Senior Engineer )

KARAHOCAGIL, Sadrettin ( Republic of Turkey Ministry of Development Southeastern Anatolia Project Regional Development Administration, Turkey,Administrator )

<Echigawa>

AKIYAMA Michio ( The University of Shiga Prefecture,Professor )

NAKAMURA Kimihito ( Kyoto University,Associate Professor )

TANAKA Takuya ( Kyoto University,Assistant )

YACHI Shigeo ( Kyoto University,Associate Professor )

MINAGAWA Akiko ( The University of Shiga Prefecture,Assistant Professor )

ONO Nana ( The University of Shiga Prefecture,Assistant Professor )

KASHIO Tamaki ( Lake Biwa Museum,Researcher )

SHIBATA Yuki ( Toho University,Lecturer )

<Egypt>

TAKARA Kaoru ( Kyoto University,Professor )

HAMAGUCHI Toshio ( Kyoto University,Assistant Professor )

WATANABE Tsugihiro ( Kyoto University,Professor )

LUO Pingping ( United Nations University - Institute for the Advanced Study of Sustainability,Postdoctoral Fellow )

ABE Ayako ( The University of Tokyo,Associate Professor )

KAKUTA Ieko ( Asia University,Professor )

TAKAMIYA Izumi ( Kinki University,Professor )

HASEGAWA So ( Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, Cairo,Director )

BAKRY, Mohamed Fawzy ( National Water Research Center, Egypt,Professor and Vice President )

EL KHOLY, Rasha ( National Water Research Center, Egypt,Associate Professor )

ABOU EL FOTOUH, Nahla Zaki ( The Water Management Research Institute, National Water Research Center, Egypt,Professor and Institute Director )

ABOU EL HASSAN, Waleed H. ( The Water Management Research Institute, National Water Research Center, Egypt,Associate Professor )

EL GAMAL, Talat ( The Water Management Research Institute, National Water Research Center, Egypt,Assistant Professor )

EL NABY GAFFAR, Ibrahim Abd ( The Water Management Research Institute, National Water Research Center, Egypt,Assistant Professor )

FAWZY, Gamal Mohamed ( The Water Management Research Institute, National Water Research Center, Egypt,Professor )

ISMAIL, Ahmed Sayed ( The Water Management Research Institute, National Water Research Center, Egypt,Senior AG-Engineer )

<Global Model>

OKI Taikan ( The University of Tokyo,Professor )

HANASAKI Naota ( National Institute for Environmental Studies,Senior Researcher )

CHONO IMAGAWA Chie ( Sompo Japan Nipponkoa Risk Management Inc.,Senior Risk Analyst )

GROENFELDT, David John ( Water-Culture Institute, USA,Director )

○Future Themes

   The following issues were raised in the PEC Interim Review for FY 2012: 1) there is no clear rational explanation for selecting the present four sites; 2) the field study was not designed to collect data on human aspects, and only few anthropological studies have been conducted during this project; and 3) the research methods are not clear, and it is particularly difficult to understand the role of the global model. Considering these objections, we changed our research direction to focus more on the cases in Indonesia and Turkey, with special emphasis on conducting co-creation studies with various stakeholders,because Indonesia and Turkey provide a simple hydrological contrast between humid and arid regions; their differences in history and culture allow a comparative study in terms of water management structure. Moreover, we held stakeholders meetings in these areas to re-identify problems and seek new ways of establishing proper water resources management and solving associated problems. Through these activities, we analyzed changes in stakeholders’ behaviors and decision-making processes for evaluating the methodology for a transdisciplinary study.  According to the PEC’s following comments in FY2013 (FR3→FR4): 1) it is hard to understand what the added value of the global model is. It might be better to skip this altogether and concentrate on thefield-based aspects of the research; .2) there is astrong need for a conceptual framework that enables comparison and synthesis ofthe cases. This includes clarifying the guiding question for the research and the meaning and relevance of IWRM; and 3) the quality of the fieldwork will also be of key importance for ensuring true participation and transdisciplinarity. Keeping anthropologists in the field for extended periods will contribute to this, we concentrated more on field studies such as basic surveys on human and social sciences and collaborative work with various stakeholders, than on assessment by the global hydrological modeling.

 

Overall plan

 

   In FR5, we will further transfer the knowledge and methods related to land and water management, which are clearly specified by co-creating“Wisdom of Land and Water Management” into cross-sectional practice in science and society. We will propose and implement local water resources governance as a social outcome while proposing pro-humanistic global water resources assessment for implementing IWRM as an academic goal.

 

Individual survey and research plans

 

(1) Indonesia: We will attempt to integrate users’ land and water management actions and behaviors and the governing mechanism that has been organized while promoting further analysis of the realities surrounding water resources through hydrology and land use observations in the target basins. We will further deepen our analysis of water users’ associations in South Sulawesi while emphasizing the analysis of Subaksin Bali. Moreover, we will practice “co-creation of science and society” in South Sulawesi, which has established well-organized systems, and develop the local water governance that we experimentally produced in FR2 in co-operation with stakeholders.

 

(2)Turkey: We aim to integrate the hydrology and land cover results from the targeted basins and the outcomes of socioeconomic analysis based on questionnaire surveys of SHs. We will conduct stakeholders meetings and workshops to share the experience of the pilot study on the night irrigation for promoting the dynamics of decision making on the basis of scientific knowledge.Furthermore, we will identify institutional/policy elements that act as external factors as well as the behavioral patterns of individual stakeholders.

 

(3)Japan (Echi River Basin): Based on the findings obtained up to FR4 and questionnaires that conducted at the end of FR4, we will extract some communities and tertiary blocks that have problems associated with water use as well as those that manage water well as reference areas for clarifying water utilization characteristics and knowledge of land and water management. These surveys will enable us to identify the relationships between water management modes and hydrological environment as well as factors for establishing proper water management.

 

(4)Integration: We focused on people’s behaviors and decision-making process in land and water management for integrating the outcomes from each study site. We will analyze these actions and will try to model these processes. Further, we will evaluate our methodologies for co-creating “Wisdom of Land and Water Management” as a result of co-operation between science and society. Based on the research results, data grounded in scientific evidence for the study of futurability will be presented to various stakeholders from policymakers to local end water users.

Books

【Chapters/Sections】

Hisaaki Kato, Wang XinHui and NAKAGAMI Ken'ichi 2014,08 Prospects for International Cooperation on Water Safety to Construct Water Conservation City-Based on Comparative Studies Between Fukuoka City and Zhengzhou City, Henan, China. NAKAGAMI Ken'ichi, G. A. Choudhury, LI Jianhua and FUKUSHI Kensuke (ed.) Strategic Adaptation Towards Water Crisis. The University Press Limited, Dhaka, Bangladesh, pp.73-82.  

Akça, E., and Kapur, S. 2014 The Anatolian Soil Concept of the Past and Today. The Soil Underfoot: Infinite Possibilities for a Finite Resource. Taylor and Francis, pp.175-185.  

Zucca, C., Biancalani, R., Kapur, S., Akça, E., Zdruli, P., Montanarella, L., & Nachtergaele, F. 2014 The Role of Soil Information in Land Degradation and Desertification Mapping: A Review. Soil Security for Ecosystem Management. Springer International Publishing, pp.31-59.  

Pingping LUO, Apip, Kaoru Takara, Bin He, Weili Duan and Maochuan Hu 2014 Assessment of Shallow Landslide Using the Distributed Hydrological–Geotechnical Model in a Large Scale. Landslide Science for a Safer Geoenvironment. Springer, pp.443-450. DOI:10.1007/978-3-319-04999-1_62.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-04999-1_62

Hironori Hamasaki and Hiroyuki Katayama 2013,03 Environmental Leadership Development A Cambodian Case. Takashi Mino and Keisuke Hanaki (ed.) Environmental Leadership Capacity Building in Higher Education - Experience and Lessons from Asian Program for Incubation of Environmental Leaders. Springer, Tokyo, pp.109-118.  

Tsugihiro Watanabe 2012,03 Integrated Approach to Climate Change Impact Assessment on Agricultural Production Systems. V. Anbumozhi et al. (ed.) Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific. Asian Development Bank Institute and SAGE Publication, Tokyo, pp.138-155.  

Nakamura, M., Ogino, Y., Akiyama, M., Moriyasu, K. 2012 Evolving History of Lake Biwa and Yodo River Basin Management. Kawanabe, H., et al. (ed.) Lake Biwa: Interactions between Nature and People. Springer, pp.371-417.  

Tsugihiro Watanabe 2011,09 Agriculture and Hydrological System. Shimizu, H. et. al, (ed.) Environmental Science of Water. University of Nagoya Press, pp.155-169. (in Japanese)  

Tsugihiro Watanabe 2011,03 Wise use of water in semi-arid regions – Nurturing local knowledge of land and water. Association of Japanese Agricultural Scientific Societies (ed.) Agro-sciences contributing to conservation and restoration of environment. Yokendo, pp.85-100. (in Japanese)  

Editing

【Editing / Co-editing】

NAKAGAMI Ken’ichi, Mr. G. A. Choudhury, Prof. Dr.LI Jianhua Prof.Dr.FUKUSHI Kensuke (ed.) 2014,08 Strategic Adaptation towards Water Crisis and IWRM. The University Press Limted, 290pp. ISBN: 978 984 506 133 9.  

Cullu, M. A, M. Aydoğdu, A. V. Bilgili, E. Akca, T. Nagano, J. Kubota, H. Hamasaki (ed.) 2014 Water Management Stakeholders Workshop. 3-4 Nov. Sanlıurfa-Turkey. , 164pp.  

Papers

【Original Articles】

Setiawan, B.I., Arief Imansyah, Ch. Arif, Ts. Watanabe, M. Mizoguchi, H. Kato 2014,09 SRI Paddy Growth and GHG Emission at Various Groundwater Levels. Journal of Irrigation and Drainage. Wiley Online Library :1-9. DOI:10.1002/ird.1866.(reviewed).  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ird.1866

Chusnul Arif, Budi. I. Setiawan, Masaru Mizoguchi, Satyanto. K. Saptomo, Sutoyo, Liyantono, I Wayan Budiasa, Hisaaki Kato and Jumpei Kubota, Tetsu Ito 2014,06 Performance of Quasi Real-Time Paddy Field Monitoring Systems in Indonesia. Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Advanced Network 37 :10-19.  

Satyanto K. Saptomo, Budi I. Setiawan, Chusnul Arif, Sutoyo, Liyantono, I Wayan Budiasa, Hisaki Kato, Takao Nakagiri, and Junpei Kubota 2014,06 A FIELD MONITORING STATION NETWORK FOR SUPPORTING THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN INTEGRATED WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM. Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Advanced Network 37 :30-41.(reviewed).  

Akça, E., Fujikura, R., & Sabbağ, Ç. 2014 Atatürk Dam resettlement process: increased disparity resulting from insufficient financial compensation. International Journal of Water Resources Development 29(1) :101-108.(reviewed).  

Iwasaki, Y., Nakamura, K., Horino, H., Kawashima, S. 2014 Assessment of factors influencing groundwater-level change using groundwater flow simulation, considering vertical infiltration from rice-planted and crop-rotated paddy fields in Japan. Hydrogeology Journal . DOI:DOI 10.1007.(reviewed).  http://dx.doi.org/DOI 10.1007

Pingping LUO, Kaoru TAKARA, Bin HE, Weili DUAN, APIP, Daniel NOVER Tsugihiro WATANABE, Maochuan Hu, Ken'ichi NAKAGAMI and Izumi TAKAMIYA 2014 Assessment of paleo-hydrology and paleo-inundation conditions: the process. Procedia Environmental Science 20 :747-752. DOI:10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.089.(reviewed).  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2014.03.089

Setiawan, B.I., Imansyah, A., Arif, C., et al. 2013,12 Effects of Groundwater Level on CH4 and N2O Emissions under SRI Paddy Management in Indonesia. Journal of Taiwan Water Conservancy 61(4) :135-146.(reviewed).  

Nagano, T. and Kotera, A. 2013,10 Recent Trend of Drought Cociliation and Agricultural Water Use in Japan. Proceeding of 1st World Irrigaton Forum and 64th IEC Meeting of ICID .  

Cetin, M., Flugel, W.A., Ibrikci, H., Nagano, T., Tilkici, B., et al. 2013,10 Sustainability of Agricultural Water Management: A Case Study in Southern Turkey. Proceedings of 1st Worls Irrigation Forum and 64th IEC Meeting of ICID .  

Ibrikci, H., Cetin, M., et al. 2013,10 Integrated Water and Nitrogen Management in a Large Scale Irrigated Area in Southern Turkey. Proceeding of 1st Irrigation Forum and 64th IEC Meeting of ICID .  

Nagano, T., Cetin, M., Tilkici, B., et al. 2013,04 The Use of Isotope Techniques for Diagnosis of Agricultural Drainage: A Case Study in Akarsu Irrigation District, Turkey. Proceeding of Aqua con Soil 2013 .  

Tsugihiro Watanabe and Shin Hirose 2011,09 Engineering in Wisdom on Land and Water. Journal of JSIDRE 79(9) :7-10. (in Japanese)  

【Review Articles】

Akça, E. 2014 Prepare for the future: Soil Projects. Toprak Su Journal 2. (in Turkish) (reviewed).  

Research Presentations

【Oral Presentation】

I W. Budiasa, N. Sekino, H. Kato, J. Kubota, and B.I. Setiawan The role of subak facing land use changes and tourism development within Saba watershed, northern of Bali province, Indonesia. ISSAAS International Congress, General Meeting, 2014,11,08-2014,11,10, Tokyo, Japan.  

C. Arif, B. I. Setiawan, Y. Chadirin, I. W. Budiasa, M. Mizoguchi, J. Kubota, H. Kato Predicting Greenhouse Gas Emissions of SRI Paddy Fields under Different Soil Conditions using Artificial Neural Networks. PAWEES 2014 International Conference, Sustainable Water and Environmental Management in Monsoon Asia, 2014,10,30-2014,10,31, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.  

Setiawan, B.I., I W. Budiasa, J. Kubota, H. Kato Co-designing Integrated Water Resource Management: A Case Study in Saba Watershed of Bali Island. PAWEES 2014 International Conference. “Sustainable Water and Environmental Management in Monsoon Asia, 2014,10,30-2014,10,31, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.  

Cullu, M A., A. V. Bilgili, E. Akca, T. Nagano. M. H. Aydogdu, M. Aydogdu, A. Almaca, A. R. Ozturkmen, A. Aydemir Monitoring salinity and yield loses at the local irrigated WUA District by using GIS analyses. 9th International Soil Science Congress. "The Soul of Soil and Civilization", 2014,10,14-2014,10,15, Antalya, Turkey.  

Cetin, M., Ibrikci, H., Karnez, E., Fink, M., Flugel, W. A., Aragues, R., Nagano, T., Berberoglu, S., Ryan, J., Pintar, M. and Sagir, H. Quantifying water balance components and irrigation water management quality indices at irrigation district level. Global Water Team Panel, 2014,10,09-2014,10,10, .  

Ibrikci, H., Cetin, M., Karnez, E., Fink, M., Flugel, W.A., Aragues, R., Nagano, T., S. Berberoglu, Ryan, J., Pintar, M., and H. Sagir Nitrogen management in irrigated agriculture: A case study. Global Water Team Panel, 2014,10,09-2014,10,10, Manisa, Turkey.  

N. Hirayama,M.Nakamura The Heartware Challenges in Lake Biwa Comprehensive Conservation Plan. 15th World Lake Conference, 2014,10,01-2014,10,05, Perugia, Italy.  

Watanabe T, Nagano T. Integrated assessment of impacts of climate change on basin hydrology and water use in agriculture. the 22nd ICID Congress, 2014,09,14-2014,09,20, Gwanju, Korea.  

T. Hamaguchi, A. Kamal, T. Sumi, S. Tanaka and K. Tanaka Numerical modeling of groundwater system in the Nile Delta considering climate change impacts. AOGS2014 (AOGS 11th Annual Meeting), 2014,07,28-2014,08,01, Sapporo, Japan.  

Cetin, M., Ibrikci, H., Karaomerlioglu, Y., Sagir, H. Quantification of nitrogen leaching to shallow water table in large scale irrigation schemes: A case study in the Mediterranean landscapes. 18th Nitrogen Workshop. The nitrogen challenge: Building a blueprint for nitrogen use efficiency and food security, 2014,06,30-2014,07,03, .  

Ibrikci, H., Koca, G., Cetin, M., Karnez, E., Koca, K. Residual soil mineral nitrogen as readily available source to crops in an irrigated Mediterranean area. 18th Nitrogen Workshop. The nitrogen challenge: Building a blueprint for nitrogen use efficiency and food security, 2014,06,30-2014,07,03, Lisbon, Portugal.  

Arif, Ch., B. I. Setiawan, M. Mizoguchi, H. Kato and J. Kubota Land and Water Productivities of Paddy Fields with Different Water Management Regimes under System of Rice Intensification (SRI) in Indonesia. Green Network of Excellence Environmental Information (GRENE-ei) The Third International Workshop On Climatic Changes and Evaluation of Their Effects on Agriculture in Asian Monsoon Region, 2014,03,17-2014,03,19, Bali, Indonesia.  

Limin, S. G., Oue, H., Sato, Y. Effect of coverage by a plant canopy on the interception of rainfall in coffee and clove plantations in Bali, Indonesia. International Symposium on Agricultural Meteorology 2014, 2014,03,17-2014,03,20, Sapporo .  

Oue, H., Laban, S., Rampisela, A. Modeling evapotranspiration in rice and green bean fields in South Sulawesi during the dry season. International Symposium on Agricultural Meteorology 2014, 2014,03,17-2014,03,20, Sapporo .  

Setiawan, B. I., Ch. Arif, M. Mizoguchi, H. Kato, J. Kubota Water Productivity and Emission Factor in SRI Paddy Field under Various Water Regimes. APAN 37th Meeting: Effects of climate change on the major crops in Asia, 2014,01,20-2014,01,24, Bandung.  

Saptomo, S. K., B. I. Setiawan, Ch. Arif, Sutoyo, Liyantono, I W. Budiasa, H. Kato, T. Nakagiri, and J. Kubota Field monitoring stations network for supporting the development of integrated water resources management. APAN 37th Meeting: Effects of climate change on the major crops in Asia, 2014,01,20-2014,01,24, Bandung.  

Setiawan, B.I., Imansyah, A., Arif, C., Watanabe, T., Mizoguchi, M. and Kato, H. Paddy Growth and GHG Emission in SRI Paddy Fields Subjected to Lowering Groundwater Level. The 12th Conference of International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering (PAWEES 2013): Agricultural Water and Rural Environment for the future, 2013,10,30-2013,11,01, Cheongju, South Korea.  

Arif C, Mizoguchi, M., Setiawan, B.I. and Watanabe. T. Determining Optimal Soil Moisture for Irrigated Rice in Indonesia with System of Rice Intensification. The 12th Conference of International Society of Paddy and Water Environment Engineering (PAWEES 2013): Agricultural Water and Rural Environment for the future, 2013,10,30-2013,11,01, Cheongju, South Korea.  

Nagano, T. and Kotera, A. Recent trend of drought conciliation and agricultural water use in Japan. The First World Irrigation Forum and 64th IEC Meeting of ICID, 2013,09,30-2013,10,03, Mardin, Turkey.  

Ibrikci, H., Cetin, M., et al. Integrated Water and Nitrogen Management in a Large Scale Irrigated Area in Southern Turkey. The First World Irrigation Forum and 64th International Executive Council Meeting of ICID, 2013,09,30-2013,10,03, Mardin, Turkey.  

Setiawan, B.I., Imansyah, A. and Watanabe, T. Characteristics of CH4 and N2O Emission under Various Water Levels in Paddy Fields. The First World Irrigation Forum and 64th International Executive Council Meeting of ICID, 2013,09,30-2013,10,03, Mardin, Turkey.  

Hashimoto, W.S., Nakamura, K. and Watanabe, T. Relationship between water quality characteristics and water use in the area agricultural water is repeatedly used. The annual convention of the Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Rural Engineering in 2013, 2013,09,04, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo (in Japanese).  

Nagano, T., Cetin, M., Tilkici, B., Kume, T., Watanabe, T., Berberoglu, S., Kapur. S. and Akca, E. The Use of Isotope Techniques for Diagnosis of Agricultural Drainage: A Case Study in Akarsu Irrigation District, Turkey. Aqua con Soil 2013-The 12th International UFZ-Deltares Conference on Groundwater-Soil-Systems and Water Resource Management, 2013,04,16-2013,04,19, Barcelona, Spain.  

Ibrikci, H., Cetin, M., et al. Fertilizers Impacts on Nitrogen Budget under Irrigation in Mediterranean Region of Turkey. The 13th International Symposium on Soil and Plant Analysis, 2013, April 2013, Queenstown, New Zealand.  

IMAGAWA Chie, HANDOH Itsuki C., TAKEUCHI Junichiro A Bayesian Uncertainty Analysis of the Modelled Surface- and Ground-Water Flows in an Agricultural Watershed. PAWEES 2012 International Conference, 2012,11,27-2012,11,29, Nonthaburi, Thailand.  

Tsugihiro Watanabe Designing local frameworks for integrated water resources management. Workshop on collaborative research on themes relating to the humanities and the environment, 2012,03,22-2012,03,23, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom.  

Tsugihiro Watanabe Designing Framework of Local Water Management under the Context of Integrated Water Resources Management. 6th World Water Forum, 2012,03,12-2012,03,17, Marseille, France.  

Hironori HAMASAKI, Ken'ichi NAKAGAMI New Paradigm'of Integrated Water Resources Management. The 6th World Water Forum, 2012,03,12-2012,03,17, Marseille, France.  

Ulara TAMURA Introduction:Designing Framework of Local Water Management under the Context of Integrated Water Resources Management. the 6th World Water Forum, 2012,03,12-2012,03,17, Marseille, France.  

Hisaaki Kato Rethinking of IWRM, from the Viewpoint of Management and Organization Theory. Workshop of the Research Project on "Wisdom of Land and Water Management", 2011,11,12-2011,11,15, Kyoto, RIHN.  

Tsugihiro Watanabe Designing Local Framework of integrated Water Resources Management. International Symposium on “Long Term Vision for the Sustainable Water & Land Use, Linking Global Vision & Local Wisdom”, 2011,09,20-2011,09,23, Adiyaman, Turkey.  

Hisaaki Kato "Convivial Organization" for Renewal of Integrated Water Resources Management Framework: Focusing up on Collaborate Activities for Water Resources Management in the context of Modern Organizational Theory "Cooperative System” Revisited. International Symposium Long Term Vision For The Sustainable Water & Land Use, 2011,09,20-2011,09,23, Turkey, Adiyaman University.  

Ulara TAMURA Weaving Rural Lifeworld and Global Science; For the Better Use of Water as the Commons among the Locals. International Symposium of "Long Term Vision for the Sustainable Water & Land Use, 2011,09,20-2011,09,23, Adiyaman, Turkey.  

【Poster Presentation】

N.Hirayama, R.Honda, and 6 co-author Factors affecting people’s preferences on lake function for sustainable management of Kandy Lake, Sri Lanka. The 11th International Symposium on Southeast Asian Water Environment, 2014,11,26-2014,11,28, Bangkok, Thailand.  

Iwasaki, Y., Nakamura, K., Horino, H., Nakano, T., Shin, K.C., and Kawashima, S. Evaluation of groundwater qualities in a paddy-dominated alluvial fan, DIPCON (Diffuse Pollution Conference). Asian Regional Conference in 2014, 2014,09,03-2014,09,04, Kyoto, Japan.  

Nakagiri T., Hashimoto S., Kato H., Sutoyo, Oue H., Rampisela D. A., Setiawan B. I., Mizutani M. Basic diagnose of the present situation of ground water quality environment around Renggang in Kampili area. Indonesia- Sulawesi Stakeholder Meeting, 2014,01,09-2014,01,10, Makassar, Indonesia.  

Nakagiri T., Hashimoto S., Kato H., Sutoyo, Oue H., Rampisela D. A., Setiawan B. I., Mizutani M Basic diagnose of the present situation of surface water quality environment in Kampili Irrigation Area. Indonesia- Sulawesi Stakeholder Meeting, 2014,01,09-2014,01,10, Makassar, Indonesia.  

Hashimoto, W.S., Nakamura, K., Hamasaki, H., Imagawa, C., Kato, H. and Watanabe, T. The Characteristics of Water Quality in Agricultural Area Reusing Drainage Water. The 1st World Irrigation Forum, 2013,09,30-2013,10,03, Mardin, Turkey.  

Cetin, M., Flügel, W.A., Ibrikci, H., Nagano, T., Tilkici, B., et al. Sustainability of Agricultural Water Management: A Case Study in Southern Turkey. The First World Irrigation Forum and 64th International Executive Council Meeting, 2013,09,30-2013,10,03, Mardin, Turkey.  

Saptomo, S.K., Setiawan, B.I., Budiasa, I.W., Sutoyo, Liyantono, Arif, C., et. al. Jaringan Pemantauan Iklim dan Lahan secara Online di DAS Saba. Indonesia Saba Watershed Stakeholders' Conference, 2013,09,08-2013,09,09, Bali, Indonesia.  

Arif, C., Setiawan, B.I., Saptomo, S.K., Sutoyo, Liyantono, Budiasa, I.W., et al. Analisis Kebutuhan Air Tanaman di DAS Saba berdasarkan Data Monitoring. Indonesia Saba Watershed Stakeholders' Conference, 2013,09,08-2013,09,09, Bali, Indonesia.  

Sutoyo Pergeseran Musim Hujan di DAS Saba Tahun 1989-2012. Indonesia Saba Watershed Stakeholders' Conference, 2013,09,08-2013,09,09, Bali, Indonesia.  

Sutoyo Perubahan Penggunaan Lahan di DAS Saba Tahun 2000-2008. Indonesia Saba Watershed Stakeholders' Conference, 2013,09,08-2013,09,09, Bali, Indonesia.  

Liyantono, Setiawan, B.I., Saptomo, S.K., Rampisela, D.A., Irsyad, F., Gardjito, Nakagiri, T. and Watanabe, T Perubahan Penggunaan Lahan dan Pergeseran Musim di DAS Janeberang. Indonesia Saba Watershed Stakeholders' Conference, 2013,09,08-2013,09,09, Bali, Indonesia.  

Ogalelano, Y.G., Nakagiri, T., Oue, H., Rampisela, D.A., Laban S. and Kato H. Possibilities of Approach Integrating RS Multi-Data Analysis and GIS for Water Resources Management and Environmental Monitoring - The Case study of Bili-Bili Irrigation System, Indonesia. The 20th CERes International Symposium on Microsatellites for Remote Sensing (SOMIRES 2013) and The 231th RISH Symposium, 2013,08,08-2013,08,09, Chiba, Japan.  

Hironori HAMASAKI, Hisaaki KATO, and Takao NAKAGIRI Possibilities of approach integrating ‘hardware’ and ‘software’ for sustainable water resources management: – the case of Bali, Indonesia. The 4th International Water Association Asia-Pacific Young Water Professionals Conference, 2012,12,07-2012,12,10, Tokyo, Japan..  

Hironori Hamasaki, Hisaaki Kato, Chie Imagawa and Satoko Watanabe Rethinking integrated water resources management (IWRM): Need for reframing IWRM for futurability. 10th International Symposium on Southeast Asian Water Environment in Hanoi, 2012,11,08-2012,11,10, Vietnam, Hanoi.  

Designing Local Frameworks for Interfrated Water Resources Management. the 6th World Water Forum, 2012,03,12-2012,03,17, Marseille, France.  

Water Projects. The 6th World Water Forum , 2012,03,12-2012,03,17, Marseille, France.