Project No.R-01
Project NameImpact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production System in Arid Areas
Project LeaderWATANABE, Tsugihiro (RIHN)
Research AxisEnviromental Change Impact Assessment
URLhttp://www.chikyu.ac.jp/iccap/

 

○Research Subject and Objectives

Research Objectives and Topics

 

Objectives and results

a. Original objectives and their attainment

  The original research objectives include the following four points:

(1) To examine and diagnose the structure of land and water management in agricultural production systems in arid areas, especially to evaluate quantitatively the relationship between cropping systems and hydrological cycle and water balance in farmland and its environs.

(2) To develop the methodology or model for integrated assessment on impacts of climate change and adaptations for it on agricultural production systems, mainly on the aspect of the land and water management.

(3) To assist the development and improvement of the Regional Climate Model (RCM) for more accurate prediction with higher resolution of future changes in regional climate.

(4) To assess the vulnerability of agricultural production systems from natural change and to suggest possible and effective measures for enhancing sustainability of agriculture, through integrated impact and adaptive assessment of climate changes.

The research goals attained in the above original research plan are outlined below with the reasons for those portions not addressed:

(1) Quantitative evaluation of relationship among land, water and other elements in the fields and river basin: By developing the models on water movement, the water dynamics in the field and basin werevaluated quantitatively, while the factors that decide land use and soil condition were not analyzed due to limited basin survey and lack of basic basin information and data.

(2a) Generation of future regional climate scenarios: The generated scenarios are the best available at this moment for assessing the impacts on agriculture production systems. Two General Circulation Models (GCMs) were used as planned, but only one RCM was used for downscaling their outputs.

(2b) Analysis of mechanism, degree and extent of impacts and adaptation of climate change on agricultural production systems: The mechanism, degree and extent of impacts were made clear to the expected extent. On the other hand, adaptation was not projected in relation with basic policy of agriculture and environmental conservation.

(3) Review of the relation of agriculture with regional environment and resources: Analysis of the basic relation among agriculture, natural condition including climate, and socio-economic condition including history in the case study area were not studied satisfactorily due to insufficient availability of research organization and resources.

(4) Preparation of adequate information for improvement of the agricultural production and future measures for climate change: The present and future possible problem on land and water management were identified and methodology for quantitative analysis of climate change impacts was developed with primary outputs, while the actual requests or feedbacks from personnel or organizations tackling these problem and making decision for them did not materialize.

 

b. Specific research findings

 This project was implemented in Turkey in cooperation with TiJBITAK (Turkish Scientific and Technological Research Council) selecting the Seyhan River Basin located in the Mediterranean Region of Turkey having a catchment area of 25,000 mz. Since the study area was changed from Israel to Turkey in the final stage of the Feasible Study, this project had to be initiated without any past research experiences or foundations, and consequently it took time and cost to organize the research team in Turkey and to acquire basic information. Against these constraints, the efforts of collaborative researchers and their organizations developed a process to realize the project objectives through trial and error, and finally produced the expected results.

 

 The major findings and outcomes are outlined as follows.

(1) On future changes in climate and hydrology

(a) As the method to generate future regional climate for assessing the climate change impacts, the pseudo-warming experiment method was developed that utilized the re-analyzed climate archive and the GCMs.

(b) According to the output of the RCM that operates with nesting with GCMs for Turkey in the 2070 years, air temperature will increase by 2 to 3.5 degree C in all seasons, and precipitation amount will be decreased by about 20% except during the summer season.

(c) In the Seyhan River Basin, precipitation is projected to be decreased as in the whole of Turkey.

(2) Water resource availability

(d) In the 2070s, less precipitation will reduce the inflow to the huge reservoirs that provide a stable water supply to the downstream water demand.

(e) Future rise in the elevation of sea water will trigger drainage problems in the lower delta region of the basin. Sea water intrusion into groundwater basins will not be so serious with low permeability of the geological profile of the delta.

(3) On wheat production

(f) The developed crop model predicts future increase of wheat yields with higher temperature and increased CO2 in the 2070s.

(g) The projected decrease of precipitation will not affect the yield of wheat significantly. On the other hand, the amount and intensity of rain in the beginning of the rainy season may affect the production of wheat.

(h) There could be higher temperature damage on wheat production. Admission of Turkey to the European Union may affect the future changes of production and price of wheat that was estimated by an economic regression model.

(4) Agriculture and water use in the irrigated region of the delta

(j) If the current cropping pattern continues, water for irrigation requirements in the 2070s under the projected climate could be met.

(k) If the irrigated area is expanded in the upper basin and the area for vegetable and fruits are increased in the delta, the irrigation period will start in earlier season and some water shortages may occur.

(1) Much increase in groundwater use to compensate water shortage will result in lower groundwater table and seawater intrusion into the aquifer in the delta area.

(m) Much seepage losses from irrigation canals occur presently due to decrepit structures and unconsciousness on water saving, and its significance in the 2070s will increase the water shortage condition. However, managing seepage losses may reduce shortages considerably.

(5) Findings on agriculture and environment through climate change impacts assessment

(o) Since wheat is a staple food crop and suitable for natural resources and environment in Turkey, its future changes in yield and quality are to be studied and monitored.

(p) Effects of higher temperature with higher CO2 concentration on crop production, even of major crop like wheat, are not clear presently and basic research on this issue is one of the urgent research topics related to global warming.

(q) In the Seyhan River Basin, water resources are developed to a considerable extent with huge reservoirs constructed in the mid-stream and are utilized effectively for domestic use, irrigation and power generation.

(r) The large scale irrigation scheme in the lower basin has not modified basin hydrological cycle much and has not led to serious environmental issues.

(s) Restructuring of irrigation management organizations and improvement of their functions are needed for more efficient water use and water conservation measures as well as for management cost.

(t) When the irrigation facilities are rehabilitated, future possible changes in cropping pattern should be taken into account, including expansion of fruit production.

(u) To prepare the counter measures for changes in natural condition and resources including climate change due to global warming, it is important to collect and compile useful information continuously, and participation of all stake holders in the field of agriculture, water resources, and metrology, including farmers.

(v) To establish sustainable land and water use even with global warming, it is imperative to identify better adaptation or management with future projection by the state-of-the art technology like the latest climate models.

Adaptive management is to be one of the alternatives for sustainability.

 

c. Research findings outside of original expectations

(1) A new downscaling method of the GCM outputs called "pseudo-warming technique" was developed. In this method, reanalysis data is used as the boundary condition for the RCM and climate change bias of the GCM is added to reanalysis data for downscaling. The output has much better agreement with observed data compared to the ones of conventional downscaling so that end user can use it without further elaborate corrections.

(2) For precise hydrological analysis, grid daily precipitation is indispensable. This project contributed to the establishment of a new project for generating grid daily precipitation record for the middle-east region, by means of data collection and human resources.

(3) It was found out that climate change would affect growth and mating season of small ruminants. Consequently agro-ecological relation between the farmland and cattle (fodder production, pasturage, cattle-dung use as organic manure, etc) was projected to change considerably. But unfortunately, we could not carry out elaborate research to quantify this issue within project period.

○Progress and Results in 2017

Relevance of research findings to RIHN's philosophy

 

a. How deeply have these findings delved into a chosen form of "human-nature interaction" that you believe constitutes a global environmental problem?

 The main focus of this project was to study how humans have utilized and managed regional resources and environment including climate, and how deeply human society depends on these conditions. This means implication of agriculture as the interface between natural system and human society. Though agriculture has been long-lasting and local activity, in these decades, it has become controlled by the global market with rapid world-wide expansion of production and trade of food. In this process, agriculture has been loosing its specific features matching local conditions, and water and material cycle has shifted from their original natural situation. These changes are inducing world-wide issues to a large extent in terms of spatial scale and number of people and human elements, and consisting of the global environmental problems. Especially in arid areas, where water and other natural resource are limited, agriculture and its land and water use intensely controls life and production, and there is a need to identify the problem structure and to prepare better solutions for them.

 Climate change due to global warming will affect natural condition for agriculture like land and water resources and consequently impacts agricultural production. With these impacts, humans may act to adapt to the changes or to mitigate the damages caused by climate change.   

These human reactions may result in other changes in the environmental problems mentioned above. Therefore, for better solution of the problems, it is essential to understand and project the impacts of climate change on agricultural production, and to let local knowledge and system react to the changes. In other words, it is important to recognize the local events in local points of view in a region and to prepare and select the best ways to treat the anticipated problems.

 In this project, a method to diagnose the problems on land and water use and identify the crucial points was developed. In Turkey, where the case study area is located, the project provided the opportunity to establish new research organizations and cross-disciplinary approach to the problem, and promoted to enhance the consciousness on importance of impact assessment of global warming on basin hydrology and agriculture.

 

b. How well has the process of achieving "better human life in the future" been revealed?

 In this project, "better human life in the future" is defined as the life or society with the system and its performance to realize, maintain and improve the life and production with a certain quality and level, taking historical and regional aspects into account. According to this definition or context, in agricultural production, especially in land and water management that was mainly studied in this project, the foundation of the regional system was identified that could sustain agricultural land and water management under the local conditions and constraints essential to the "better human life in the future".

 In this viewpoint, the project succeeded in identifying the elements that should be included into the condition of agriculture, land and water for "better human life in the future". On the other hand, studies on water and material dynamics and mechanism of problem occurrence in agriculture were not completed including the dynamics of soil salt, fertilizers and agrochemicals. Thus, in the future, studies on these dynamic and the way to establish sustainable land and water management for sound and safe life based on these process studies are necessary.

 In addition, regarding impacts of global warming of main aspect of the project, the next research subject is to be prediction of impacts on agriculture, land and water management, evaluation of the extent of these impacts; and prepare the way to control the impacts to an acceptable level.

 

c. To what degree have requirements concerning integratedness, internationality, and leadership been fulfilled?

(1) Through generation of social scenario and exchange of qualitative and quantitative outputs, fair integration was obtained among climatology, hydrology, vegetation ecology, irrigation science, crop science, livestock science and agricultural economics. However the project lacked participation of history, geography, sociology and pathology.

(2) As the project was initiated as a bilateral academic collaboration, we paid a lot of effort to establish interchange of knowledge and experiences. However, apart from Japan-Turkey relation, substantial partnership or collaboration with on-going international research projects was not obtained. Our research outcomes are lately attracting attention at many international conferences and we will continue to submit our research outcomes to journals and international societies.

(3) The members of secretariat office at RIHN worked very diligently and maintained good leadership over collaborators of Japan. However, there was a delay in establishment of research team in Turkey and this had an adverse effect in the progress of the project. Mission, responsibility and the way of collaboration should have been described more explicitly from the beginning.

 

d. What has this research project done to accumulate knowledge that will help improve global environmental problems?

(1) We have established a methodology to assess impact of climate change on agricultural production system at a regional (basin) scale, combining climatic and social scenarios. We have found that integration of social scenario (obtained through dialogue of experts) with quantitative physical models for generation of quantitative projections is the only way to assess possible changes more than 50 years in the future.

(2) A-pseudo-warming technique developed in the course of this project would contribute significantly to raising the accuracy of projection of regional climate changes.

(3) This project contributed to establishment of a new project for generating grid daily precipitation record for the middle-eastern region, by means of data collection and human resources.

e. What has been achieved through cooperation with other research projects?

(1) We shared basic methodology for assessment of agricultural system with project P1-2FR (RR2002 on Yellow River). Irrigation Management Performance Assessment Model (IMPAM) was developed through analysis of the Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project and it is now being applied to irrigation districts in Yellow River Basin.

(2) We shared basic idea of resilience of agro-ecological and social system with project P1-3FR and contributed to establishing its objective at its early stage.

(3) Traceability concept of project P2-6FS could bring large technical breakthrough in analyzing environment quality dynamics in the agricultural production system. We have started employing some of their techniques.

○Project Members

Japan

WATANABE, Tsugihiro ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature )

MATSUBARA, Masatake ( Osaka University of Foreign Studies )

ABE, Ayako ( Center for Climate System Research, University of Tokyo )

ADACHI, Fumihiko ( Faculty of Life and Environmental Science, Shimane University )

ANDO, Makoto ( Field Science Education and Research Center, Kyoto University )

AODA, Tadao ( Faculty of Agriculture, Niigata University )

ASAMI, Atsuyuki ( Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University )

ASANUMA, Jun ( Terrestrial Environment Research Center, University of Tsukuba )

FUJIHARA, Yoichi ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature )

FUJINAWA, Katsuyuki ( Faculty of Engineering, Shinshu University )

FURUKAWA, Masanao ( Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shinshu University )

HARAGUCHI, Tomokazu ( Faculty of Agriculture, Saga University )

HIRATA, Masahiro ( School of Agriculture, Obihiro University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine )

HOSHIKAWA, Keisuke ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature )

HOSHIYAMA, Sachiko ( Kinjo-Gakuin University )

IIZUMI, Toshichika ( Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba )

KAGATSUME, Masaru ( Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University )

KAMEYAMA, Hiroshi ( Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University )

KATO, Keisuke ( Graduate School of Agricultural Studies, Tottori University )

KOJIRI, Toshiharu ( Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University )

KIMURA, Fujio ( Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba )

KITOH, Akio ( Meteorological Research Institute, Japan Meteorological Agency )

KOBATA, Tohru ( Faculty of Life and Environmental Science, Shimane University )

KORIYAMA, Masumi ( Faculty of Agriculture, Saga University )

KUME, Takashi ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature )

KUSADOKORO, Motoi ( Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University )

MARU, Takeshi ( Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University )

NAGANO, Takanori ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature )

NAKAGAWA, Hiroshi ( Faculty of Bioresources and Environmental Sciences, Ishikawa Prefectural University )

NAKANO, Yoshisuke ( Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University )

ODANI, Hiromichi ( School of Environmental Science, University of Shiga Prefecture )

SANDA, Akinori ( Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University )

SANO, Junji ( Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University )

SUMI, Akimasa ( Center for Climate System Research, University of Tokyo )

TAKEUCHI, Shinichi ( Faculty of Engineering, Kyushu Kyouritsu University )

TAMAI, Shigenobu ( Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University )

TANAKA, Kenji ( Disaster Prevention Research Institute, Kyoto University )

TANIGUCHI, Makoto ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature )

TSUJII, Hiroshi ( Faculty of Bioresources and Environmental Sciences, Ishikawa Prefectural University )

UMETSU, Chieko ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature )

YANO, Tomohisa ( Professor Emeritus, Tottori University )

YATAGAI, Akiyo ( Research Institute for Humanity and Nature )

Turkey

KANBER, Riza ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

KILINCER, Neset ( The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey )

AKCA, Erhan ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

AKTOKLU, Ekrem ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

AKYATAN, Adil ( DSI. VI. Regional Directorate )

ALPHAN, Hakan ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

ALTAN, Tiirker ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

ARTAR, Mustafa ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

ATIK, Meryem ( Faculty of Agriculture, Akdeniz University )

ATMACA, Mustafa ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

ATTILA, Ozlem ( Faculty of Engineering, Hacettepe University )

AYDI, Mehmet ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

BARUTCULAR, Celalettin ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

BERBEROGLU, Suha ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

BLJYLJKASIK, Yelda ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

CELIK, Ismail ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

CELIKTAS, Nafiz ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

CINCINOGLU, Aylin ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

COSSKUN, Ziya ( DSI. VI. Regional Directorate )

DARCAN, Nazan ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

DOGAN, Kemal ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

DONMA, Sevgi ( DSI. VI. Regional Directorate )

DOYGUN, Hakan ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

EKMEKCI, Mehmet ( Faculty of Engineering, Hacettepe University )

ERKAN, Onur ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

EVRENDILEK, Fatih ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

GENCEL, Burgin ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

GUL, Aykut ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

GULLU, Giilen ( Faculty of Engineering, Hacettepe University )

GULTLTEKIN, Ufuk ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

GUNEY, Inanc ( Yumurtahk Vocational School, Cukurova University )

GiJNEY, Okan ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

GUZELMANSUR, Aysel ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

IRVEM, Ahmet ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

ISIK, Hilal ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

IZCAN, Yiiksel ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

KAPLAN, Kayhan ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

KAPUR, Burgak ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

KAPUR, Selim ( Faculty o fAgriculture, Cukurova University )

KILIC,seref ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

KOC, Mujde ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

OGUZ, Cennet ( Faculty of Agriculture, Selcuk University )

ONDER, Sermet ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

OZEKICI, Biilent ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

PELEN, Nurettin ( DSI. General Directorate )

SAYDAM, Cemal ( Faculty of Engineering, Hacettepe University )

TAPKI, Ibrahim ( Faculty of Agriculture, Mustafa Kemal University )

TASDAN, Kemalettin ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

TEZCAN, Levent ( Faculty of Engineering, Hacettepe University )

TOPALOGLU, Fatih ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

UNLLJ, Mustafa ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

YASAR, Baran ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

YILMAZ, Dilek ( DSI. VI. Regional Directorate )

YILMAZ, Tuluhan ( Faculty of Agriculture, Cukurova University )

Other Countries

ALPERT, Pinhas ( Department of Geophysics and Planetary Science, Tel-Aviv University, Israel )

BEN-ASHER, Jiftah ( The Wyler Dept. of Dryland Agriculture, Ben-Gurion Univ. of Negev, Israel )

SHECHTER, Mordechai ( Natural Resources & Environmental Research Center, Univ. of Haifa, Israel )

SIMONOVIC, Slobodan P ( Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Univ. of Western Ontario, Canada(in alphabetical order of family name) )

○Future Themes

Important issues that remain to be addressed and plans to deal with them in the future

(1) Land use and water use have large influence on regional climate system. Therefore, before evaluating the impacts of climate change there is a need to assess the response of the regional climate to change in land and water use,too.

(2) A systematic model for projecting possible adaptations of farmers or the region towards climate change should bedeveloped.

(3) Geologist, hydrologist and soil scientist should work inter-disciplinary to quantify the impact of climate change on environmental quality dynamics of the basin and agricultural region.

(4) Consciousness, value and behavior of farmers towards land and water management have large influence to their capacity for adaptation. This human aspect should receive more research attention.

 

 

Communication of research findings

a. Communication to general society

(1) The project leader and collaborative researchers ofthe project have introduced the outcomes on local environment land and water management in the books published for the general public. Books based on the project findings are in preparation in Japan and Turkey.

(2) The project leader and collaborative researchers of the project have given lectures and talks in symposium or other events for ordinary people, NPO, university and high school students, and engineers.

(3) In the case study area in Turkey, the research outcomes are reported to the farmers and governmental organizations related to agriculture and water management and to be reflected to identifying the future tasks and measures(planned to be held in February, 2007).

(4) In Japan, project findings supported the TV Program on water in agriculture in the world of NHK in 2005, and in Turkey, the documentary program "Global Warming" is going to be broadcasted by TRT (Turkish Radio Television) in three series, which are to be "Climate" "Water" and "Land" under the scientific consultancy of some Turkish collaborators of the project with project findings.

(5) Some project outcomes were presented at international conferences and initiatives related to environmental issue including IHDP and ESSP.

(6) The project leader provided the Cabinet Office and the Science Council of Japan with the outcomes and suggestions of the project as the references of their master plans and tasks.

b. Communication to academic circles

The project has disseminated the results to the academic society in the following ways.

(1) Many scientific papers were published and presented in the international and national journals and conferences,and more are ready to be submitted. At the end of February 2007, 33 books and book chapters, 91 peer reviewed papers, 71 non reviewed or conference papers, and 68 other articles were published.

(2) Books on impacts of climate change for researchers, engineers and students are under planning in Japan and Turkey.

(3) In April 2006, the project and RIHN co-organized the International Symposium in Adana in the case study area on land and water management and discussed the methodology and research results of the project in the international context.

(4) Based on the outputs, and experiences of this project, the project leader supported to establish the Working Group on Global Climate Change and Irrigation of ICID (International Commission of Irrigation and Drainage) in 2006, and is disseminating the project outcomes to the international organizations and institutions including FAO, IWMI, ICARDA, and IPCC.

Books

【Chapters/Sections】

Kitoh, A. 2007 Climate change. Asian-Pacific Coasts and Their Management: Status of the Environment (Coastal System and Continental Margins). Springer. . UK(in press)

Yatagai, A. 2007 Changes in climate and precipitation over the Black River basin. Nakawo et al (ed.) A 50-year history of a remote region of China. 51. (in Japanese)

Palanisami, K., C. R. Ranganathan, and C. Umetsu. 2007 Groundwater Over-Exploitation and Efficiency in Crop Production: Application of Data Envelopment Analysis. Economies of Agriculture and Natural Resources. Nova Science Publishers. . New York(submitted)

Kitoh, A. 2006 Asian Monsoons in Future. B. Wang (ed.) The Asian Monsoon. Springer, UK. , pp.631-649.

Tsujii, H. 2006 A Criticism of the Single Farm Payment Policy of the Heisei Agricultural Changes,. The Opinions of Scholars and Experts on the Single Farm Payment Policy of the Heisei Agricultural Policy Reform. (in Japanese). . The Research Beauro of the Diet.ed

Tsujii, H. 2006 A Criticism of the Single Farm Payment Policy of the Heisei Agricultural Changes. The Research Beauro of the Diet (ed.) The Opinions of Scholars and Experts on the Single Farm Payment Policy of the Heisei Agricultural Policy Reform. , pp.47-52. (in Japanese)

Kitoh,A. 2006 Asian monsoons in the future. In: The Asian Monsoon. B.Wang (ed) (ed.) . Praxis,Springer,Berlin, pp631-649.

Watanabe, T. 2006 Questions on problems caused by the global warming. T. Hidaka and RIHN (ed.) Our future earth narrated to children. Kodansha, Tokyo, pp.22-40. (in Japanese)

Watanabe,T. and K.Hoshikawa 2005 Water Balance Model of Irrigation District. in Integrated Assessment Model of Water Resources and Application to the Yellow River Basin. . edited by Dawen YANG and Tetsuya KUSUDA. Beijing:China Water Power Press.(in Chinese)

Tsujii,H 2005 The Paradigm Transformation and Good Economic Effects of the Dual Track Development Strategy of Thailand. A Research Report of Asian Food and Agriculture Situation for 2004,. , pp.3-25. Tokyo: The Association for International Agricultural Cooperation and Relation (in Japanese)

Chakravorty,U. and C.Umetsu 2005 Basinwide Water Management: A Spatial Model,. Spatial Aspects of Environmental Policy (Series editors, Tom Tietenberg and Kathy Segerson. THE INTERNATIONAL LIBRARY OF ENVIRONMENTAL ECONOMICS AND POLICY). . In Jacqueline Geoghegan and Wayne Gray eds,Hampshire, UK: Ashgate Publishing.pp5-27

Tsujii,H.,K.Yagura and R.Senda An Econometric Analysis of the Effects of the Real Farm Income to Rural Income Distribution During the Liberalization Period,. Chapter 1 of the Second Section and the Introduction, in Hiroshi Tsujii, Y. Matsuda, A. Asami, (ed.) . The Equity and Efficiency in Rural China,Tokyo:Taga Publishing Co. (in Japanese)

Editing

【Editing / Co-editing】

Tsujii,H., Y Matsuda and A.Asami, (ed.) The Equity and Efficiency in Rural China,Tokyo:. , Taga Publishing Co.,5OOp.(in Japanese)

Papers

【Original Articles】

Yatagai, A., N. Yamazaki, and T. Kurino 2007 The products and validation of GAME reanalysis and JRA-25 Part 1:Surface Fluxes. Hydrological Processes. (in press)

Xie, P., A. Yatagai, M. Chen, T. Hayasaka, Y Fukushima, C. Liu, and Y.Song 2007 A Gauge-Based Analysis of Daily Precipitation over East Asia. Journal of Hydrometeorology 8:607-627.

Umetsu, C., K. Palanisami, Z. Coskun, S. Donma, T. Nagano, Y Fujihara, and K. Tanaka 2007 Water Scarcity and Alternative Cropping Patterns in Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project: A Simulation Analysis. Journal of Rural Economics: Special Issue 2007. (submitted)

Odemis, B., and F. Evrendilek 2007 Monitoring water quality and quantity of national watersheds in Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. DOI:10,1007s 10661-006-9574-1

Odemis, B. and F. Evrendilek 2007 Multivariate analysis of watershed health and sustainability in Turkey. International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology. (in press)

Kagatsume, M. 2007 Biofuel Production in Australia and Its Implications: Towards Resource Recycled Farming through Renewable Petro-Substitute Fuels. The Natural Resource Economics Review 12. (in press)

Iizumi, T., F. Kimura, and Y Hayashi 2007 Impact of climate-model bias on changes in rice yield caused by global warming. Climatic Change. (in review)

Evrendilek, F. and S. Berberoglu 2007 Quantifying spatial patterns of bioclimatic zones and controls in Turkey. Theoretical and Applied Climatology. DOI:10.1007/s00704-006-0294-9

Evrendilek, F., J. Ben-Asher, and M. Aydin 2007 v Continuous measurement of diurnal photosynthesis, transpiration, water use efficiency and light use efficiency of wheat leaves under Mediterranean field conditions, Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology (in press).

Yatagai, A., P. Xie and P. Alpert 2007 Development of a daily grid precipitation data set: Toward evaluation of global warming effects on water resources in the East Mediterranean. Advance in Geophysics. (submitted)

Ertekin, C. and F. Evrendilek 2007 Spatio-temporal modeling of global solar radiation dynamics as a function of sunshine duration for Turkey (submitted).

Chianu, J. N., H. Tsujii, and J. Mbanasor 2007 Determinants of Decision to Adopt Improved Maize Variety by Small-holder Farmers in the Savannas of Northern Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment 5(2).

Aydm, M., T. Yano, F. Evrendilek, and V.Uygur 2007 Implications of climate change for evaporation from bare soils in a Mediterranean environment. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment (in press).

Asami, A. 2007 The Conservation of Government Pasture Land and the Economic Efficiency of Pasture Law in Turkey. The Natural Resource Economics Review (in press).

Chianu, J. N., H. Tsujii, and V M. Manyong 2007 Crop-livestock Interaction in the Savannas of Northern Nigeria:Nature and Determinats of Farmer Decision to Use Manure for Soil Fertility Maintenance. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment 5(2).

Yatagai, A. 2007 Interannual Variation of Summertime Precipitation over the Qilian Mountains in Northwest China. Bulletin of Glaciological Research 24:1-11.

Sermenli, T., F. Evrendilek, K. Mavi 2007 Effects of strip intercropping and organic farming systems on quantity and quality of maize yield in a Mediterranean region of Turkey. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. (in press)

Ohsumi, A., A. Hamasaki, H. Nakagawa, H. Yoshida, T. Shiraiwa, and T. Horie 2007 A model explaining genotypic and ontogenetic variation of leaf photosynthetic rate in rice (Oryza sativa L.) based on leaf nitrogen content and stomatal conductance. Annals of Botany 99(2):265-273.

Odemis, B., and F. Evrendilek 2007 Assessing water quality and quantity of national watersheds in Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment. (in press)

Iizumi, T., Y Hayashi, and F. Kimura. 2007 Influence on rice production in Japan from cool and hot summers after global warming. Journal of Agricultural Meteorology 63(1):11-23.

Hirata, M. 2007 Seasonal Movement System of Pastoral Camps in the central Mongolia-Could sedentarization possibly happen on pastoral subsistence?. Journal of Arid Land Studies 17(2). (in Japanese, in press)

Fujihara, Y, and T. Kojiri 2007 Uncertainties in Global Warming Impacts on Water Resources. Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 51:427-432. (in Japanese)

Demirkesen, A. C., F. Evrendilek, S. Berberoglu, and S. Kilic. 2007 Coastal flood risk analysis using Landsat-7 ETM+ Imagery and SRTM DEM: A case study of Izmir, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 131(1-3):293-300.

Demirkesen, A. C., F. Evrendilek, and S. Berberoglu 2007 Quantifying coastal inundation vulnerability of Turkey to sea-level rise (submitted).

Tsujii, H. 2006 The Agricultural Policies of ASEAN Countries and Their Negotiation Strategies to the New WTO Round. Agriculture and Economy 72-1, Published on February 1 . (in Japanese)

Taniguchi, M., T. Ishitobi, J. Shimada and N. Takamoto 2006 Evaluation of spatial distribution of submarine groundwater discharge. Geophys. Res., Lett 33. DOI:10.1029/2005GL025288

Taniguchi, M., T. Ishitobi and J. Shimada 2006 Dynamics of submarine groundwater discharge and freshwater-seawater interface. J. Geophys. Res 111(C01008). DOI:10.1029/2005JC002924

Sato, T., F. Kimura and A. Kitoh 2006 Projection of global warming onto regional precipitation over Mongolia using a regional climate model. accepted by Journal of Hydrology.

Sano, J., S. Tamai, M. Ando and K. Kato 2006 Effects of Climate Change on the Species Composition and Vegetation Productivity in Arid Areas - Species Composition and Distributional Patterns of Predominant Tree Species in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey -. Abstracts of the Second Scientifc Congress of East Asian Federation of Ecological Societies 499.

Nohara, D., A. Kitoh, M. Hosaka and T. Oki 2006 Impact of climate change on river runoff using multi-model ensembles. J. Hydrometeor. (in press)

Kawase, H., Y. Takeuchi and R Kimura 2006 Precipitable water vapor round orographically induced convergence line. Scientific Online Letters on the Atmosphere 2:25-28.

Haraguchi,T., K.Yuge, A. Hao, Y Nakano, K. Mori and T. Yano 2006 Combined Effects of Elevated Temperature and Carbon Dioxide on Geometry of Maize Leaves. J. Fac. Agr, Kyushu Univ. 51(1):45-51.

Shamoun-Barares, J., E. van Loon, Y Leshem, D. Alon, P. Alpert and Y. Yom-Tov 2006 Is there a connection between weather at departure sites, onset of migration and timing of soaring bird autumn migration in Israel?. Global Ecology and Biogeography.

Genis,A., D.Blumberg and J.Ben-Asher 2006 Optimizing Aplications of Image Analysis to Determin Physical Caracteristics of Fine Roots" Envinron. Control Biol.. 44(11):20.

Evrendilek,F., J.Ben-Asher and M.Aydm 2006 Continuous measurement of diurnal photosynthesis, transpiration,water use efficiency and light use efficiency of wheat leaves under Mediterranean field conditions. Turkey. (submitted).

Kagatsume, M. 2006 "Impacts of Climate Change and the EU Accession on Turkish Rural Industries -Approach by the Input Output model and Markov-Transition Matrix-," (ed by Masaru KAGATSUME). "International Comparative Study on Promotion of Environment Friendly Agriculture and Revitalization of Mountainous Regions under the WTO system" Chapter 3:34-42.

Evrendilek,F, Berberoglu,S., S.Taskinsu-Meydan and E.Yilmaz 2006 Quantifying carbon budgets of conifer Mediterranean forest ecosystems. Environmental Monitoring & Assessment. (in press).

Eshet,T., O.Ayalon and M.Shechter 2006 Valuation of Externalities of Selected Waste Management Alternatives:A Comparative Review and Analysis.. Resources, Conservation & Recycling Vol.46(4):335-364.

Tanaka, K., Y Fujihara, T. Watanabe, T. Kojiri and S. Ikebuchi 2006 Projection of the impact of climate change on the surface energy and water balance in the Seyhan River Basin Turkey. Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering JSCE,Vol. 50:31-36.

Hepaksoy,S., J.Ben-Asher, Y.de Malach, I.David, M.Sagih and B.Bravdo 2006 Grapevines Irrigation with Saline Water: Effect of Rootstocks on Quality and Yield of Cabernet Sauvignon.. Journal of Plant Nutrition. (in press).

Blumberg,D.G.,G. Ronen,J. Ben-Asher,V. Freilikher,L. D.Vulfson and A.L.Kotlyar 2006 Utilizing a P-band scatterometer to assess soil water saturation percent of a bare sandy soil.. J. Hydrol. 318:374-378.

Ben-Asher,J.,M.Silberbush and J.Ephrath 2006 Uptake Rates of N03 and K by Lettuce on Soilless culture:a Mathematical Model and Experimental Results.. International Symposium on Soilless Culture and Hydroponics ISHS Acta Horticulturae 697:311-315.

Ben-Asher,J.,I.Tsuyuki,B.Ben-Ami and M.Sagih 2006 Irrigation of Grapevines with Saline Water:II) Leaf Area ndex, Stomatal conductance, Transpiration and Photosynthesis. Ag. Water Manag. 83:13-21.

Alpert,P., C.Price, S.Krichak, B.Ziv, H.Saaroni, I.Osetinsky, J.Barkan and P.Kishcha 2006 Mediterranean climate and some tropical teleconnections. Nuovo Cimento. (in print).

Alpert,P, D.Niyogi, R.A.Pielke, Sr.,J. L.Eastman, Y.K.Xue and S.Raman 2006 Evidence for Carbon Dioxide and Moisture Interactions from the Leaf Cell up to Global scales: Implications to Human-Caused Climate Change. Global Planetary Change (LCLUC Special Issue)..

Alpert,P and H.Savijarvi 2006 On the numerical asymmetry in calculating Coriolis terms through the splitting method in a mesoscale model. Int. J. Environ. Pollut..

Fujihara,Y, M.Ode, T.Kojiri, K.Tomosugi and H.Irie 2006 Effects of Global Warming on the Water Resources of the Tone River Basin. Annual.Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 50:367-372. (in Japanese)

Yatagai, A., F. Kimura, A. Kitoh, and T. Watanabe 2006 Analyses of precipitation for assessing global warming impacts on hydrological regime in Adana, Turkey. Proceeding of the International Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture. (CD-ROM)

Ben-Asher,J.,J.van Dam,R.A.Feddes and R.K.Jhorar 2006 Irrigation of Grapevines with Saline Water:II.Mathematical simulation of vine growth and yield. Ag. Water Manag. 83:22-29.

Watanabe, T., K. Hoshikawa, T. Kume, and T. Nagano 2006 Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Irrigation Management Using a Performance Assessment Model. Proceedings of lnternational Congress for Irrigation and Drainage. (CD-ROM)

Watanabe, T., and K. Hoshikawa 2006 Agriclutural water use in larger irrigation schemes in the YellowRiver Basin. Arid Land Sudies 16(2):97-101.

Watanabe, T. 2006 Water Management of Paddy Fields as the Habitats of Migratory Birds. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Hydrology and Water Resources in Asia Pacific Region. (CD-ROM)

Umetsu, C., T. Lekprichakul, and U. Chakravorty 2006 Efficiency and Technical Change in the Philippine Rice Sector during the Post Green Revolution Era. Studies in Regional Science 36(1):161-178.

Taniguchi, M., T. Ishitobi, J. Shimada, and N. Takamoto 2006 Evaluation of spatial distribution of submarine ground water discharge. Geophysical Research Letters 33. DOI:10.1029/2005GL025288

aniguchi, M., T. Ishitobi, and J. Shimada 2006 Dynamics of submarine groundwater discharge and freshwater seawater interface. Journal of Geophyscal Research 111(C01008). DOI:10.1029/2005J0002924

Tanaka, K., Y Fujihara, T. Watanabe, T. Kojiri, and S. Ikebuchi 2006 Projection of the impact of climate change on the surface energy and water balance in the Seyhan River Basin Turkey. Annual Journal of Hydraulic Engineering 50:31-36.

Yatagai, A. and P. Xie 2006 Utilization of a rain-gauge-based daily precipitation dataset over Asia for validation of precipitation derived from TRMM/PR and JRA-25. SPIE:6404-53. DOI:10.1117/12.723829

Sato, T. and F. Kimura 2006 How does Tibetan Plateau affect transition of Indian monsoon rainfall?. Monthly Weather Review 135:2006-2015.

Nohara, D., A. Kitoh, M. Hosaka, acid T. Oki 2006 Impact of climate change on river discharge projected by multimodel ensemble. Journal of Hydrometeorology 7:1076-1089.

Nagano, T., S. Domna, K. Hoshikawa, T. Kume, C.Umetsu, E. Akca, S. Onder, S. Berberoglu, B. Ozekici, T. Watanabe, S. Kapur, and R. Kanber 2006 An integrated approach for assessment of an irrigation system in Lower Seyhan Plain, Turkey. Proceedings of International Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture. (CD-ROM)

Nagano, T., K. Hoshikawa, S. Donma, T. Kume, and T. Watanabe 2006 Macroscopic handling of a large irrigation district by the Irrigation Management Performance Assessment Model. Proceedings of the 3rd conference of Asia Pack Association of Hydrology and Water Resources. (APHW) (CD-ROM)

Kume, T., E. AKCA, T. Nagano, S. Doruna, M. Serdem, S. Kapur and T. Watanabe 2006 The problem of Soil Salinity in the Fourth Stage Area in LSIP: An Analysis of Spatial Variability of Soil Salinity. Proceedings of Inter national Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture. (CD-ROM)

Kobata, T., T. Nagano, and K. Ida 2006 Critical factors for grain filling in low grainripening rice cultivars. Agronomy Journal 98:536-544.

Kilic, S., F. Evrendilek, S. Berberoglu, and A. C. Demirkesen 2006 Environmental monitoring of land-use and landcover changes in a Mediterranean region of Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 114:157-168.

Kawase, H., Y Takeuchi, and F. Kimura 2006 Precipitable water vapor round orographically induced convergence line. SOLA 2:25-28.

Kagatsume, M. 2006 Food Strategy and Trade Negotiation Stance of Australia. Agriculture and Economy 72(5):72-80.

Kagatsume, M. 2006 Australia-China Free Trade Agreement and Its Economic Impacts. . The Natural Resource Economics Review 11:67-86.

Iizumi, T., M. Yokozawa, Y Hayashi, and F. Kimura 2006 Global warming impact on rice insurance payouts in Japan. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. (in review)

Iizumi, T., M. E. Hori, M. Yokozawa, H. Nakagawa, Y Hayashi, and F. Kimura 2006 Impact of global warming on rice production in Japan based on five coupled Atmosphere-Ocean GCMs. SOLA 2:156-159.

Hoshikawa, K., T. Nagano, T. Kume, R. Kanber, and T. Watanabe 2006 Evaluation of climate change impacts on the Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project, Turkey. Proceedings of the 3rd conference of Asia Pack Association of Hydrology and Water Resources. (APHW) (CD-ROM)

Hoshikawa, K., T. Nagano, T. Kume, and T. Watanabe 2006 evelopment of a model for assessing the performance of irrigation management systems and evaluation of impact of climate changes on the Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project Project. Proceedings of International Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture. (CD-ROM)

Hoken, H., T. Senda, Y Matsuda, H. Tsujii, and C. Liquin 2006 Statistical Matching for Longitudinal Data of Rural households in China: Construction of MHTS Data Set and Estimation of Attrition Bias. Working Paper Series of China Center for Economic Research. E2006013

Genis, A., D. Blumberg, and J. Ben-Asher 2006 Optimizing Applications of Image Analysis to Determine Physical Characteristics of Fine Roots. Environment Control in Biology 44:11-20.

Geethalakshmi, V , A. Yatagai, K. Palanisamy, and C. Umetsu 2006 Impact of ENSO and the Indian Ocean Dipole on the Northeast Monsoon Rainfall of Tamil Nadu state in India. Hydrological Processes (in review).

Fujita, M., T. Sasaki, and F. Kimura 2006 A Dramatic Daytime Decrease in Water Vapor over Coastal Thailand. SOLA 2:49-52.

Blumberg, D., G. G. Ronen, J. Ben-Asher, V Freilikher, L. D. Vulfson, and A. L. Kotlyar 2006 Utilizing a P-band scatterometer to assess soil. water saturation percent of a bare sandy soil. Journal of Hydrology 318:374-378.

Ben-Asher, J., P. S. Nobel, E. Yossov, and Y Mizrahi 2006 Net C02 uptake rates for Hylocereus undatus and Selenicereus megalanthus under field conditions: Drought influence and a novel method for analyzing temperature dependence. Photosynthetica 44:181-186.

Ben-Asher, J., I. Tsuyuki, B. Ben-Ami, and M. Sagih 2006 rrigation of Grapevines with Saline Water:I Leaf Area Index, Stomatal conductance, Transpiration and Photosynthesis. Agricultural Water Management 83:13-21.

Bachev, H., and M. Kagatsume. 2006 Assessment of Farm Support Policies and Impacts of CAP Implementation on Farm Structures and ustainability in Bulgaria. The Natural Resource Economics Review 11:173-193.

Ben-Asher, J., J. Van Dam, R. A. Feddes, and R. K. Jhorar 2006 Irrigation of Grapevines with Saline Water: II Mathematical simulation of vine growth and yield. Agricultural Water Management 83:22-29.

Alpert, P., C. Price, S. Krichak, B. Ziv, H. Saaroni, I. Osetinsky, J. Barkan, and P. Kishcha 2006 Mediterranean climate and some tropical teleconnections. Nuovo Cimento 29(1):89-97.

Alpert, P., and H. Savijarvi 2006 On the numerical asymmetry in calculating Coriolis terms through the splitting method in a mesoscale model(submitted). International Journal of Environment and Pollution.

Alpert, P., D. Niyogi, R. A. Pielke, Sr, J. L. Eastman, Y K. Xue, and S. Raman 2006 Evidence for Carbon Dioxide and Moisture Interactions from the Leaf Cell up to Global scales: Implications to Human-Caused Climate Change. Global Planetary Change 54(1-2): 202-208.

Schwabe, K. A., I. Kan and K. C. Knapp 2006 Drainwater Management for Salinity Mitigation in Irrigated Agriculture. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 88(1):133-149.

Odemis, B. and F. Evrendilek 2006 Assessing water quality and quantity of national watersheds in Turkey. (submitted)

Chianu,J. N.,Hiroshi Tsujii and Joseph Awange 2006 Environmental Impact of Agricultural Production in the savannas of northern Nigeria.. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment, Vol.4(No.2):255-260.

Chianu, J. N., H. Tsujii, and J. Awange 2006 Environmental Impact of Agricultural Production in the Savannas of Northern Nigeria. Journal of Food, Agriculture & Environment 4(2):255-260.

Evrendilek, F., S. Berberoglu, S. Taskinsu-Meydan, and E. Yilmaz 2006 Quantifying carbon budgets of conifer Mediterranean forest ecosystems, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 119(527):543.

Hepaksoy, S., J. Ben-Asher, Y de Malach, I. David, M. Sagih, and B. Bravdo 2006 Grapevines Irrigation with Saline Water: Effect of Rootstocks on Quality and Yield of Cabernet Sauvignon. Journal of Plant Nutrition 29(5):783-795.

Sato, T., F. Kimura, and A. Kitoh 2006 Projection of global warming onto regional precipitation over Mongolia using a regional climate model. Journal of Hydrology 333:144-154.

Umetsu, C., S. Donma, T. Nagano, and Z. Coskun 2006 The Efficiency of WUA Management in the Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project. Journal of Rural Economics: Special lssue 2005:440-444.

Onder, S., R. Kanber, D. Onder and B. Kapur 2005,09 The Probable Changes to Occur in Irrigation Methodolgy in the Future due to Global Climate Change. Southeastern Anatolia Projects fourth of Agricultural Congress:21-23. September 2005 s: 1128-1135. SANLIURFA-TURKEY

Alpert,P.,Kishcha, Y.J.Kaufman and R.Schwarzbard 2005 Global dimming or local dimming?:Effect of urbanization on sunlight availability. Geophys. Res. Lett. 32. DOI:10.1029/2005GL023320. L17802

Yano, T., M. Koriyama, T. Haraguchi and M. Aydin 2005 Prediction of future change of water demand following global warming in the Cukurova region, Turkey. Proc. International Conference on Water, Land and Food Security in Arid and Semi-arid Regions Bari, Italy, Topic 7:1-6.

Umetsu, C., S. Donma, T. Nagano and Z. Coskun 2005 The Efficient Management of Water User Associations: The Case of Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project in Turkey. Proceedings of the International Conference on Policy Modeling -EcoMod2005- June 29-July 2, 2005. Istanbul, Turkey  http://www.ecomod.net/conferences/ecomod2005/ecomod2005_papers/668.pdf

Umetsu, C., S. Donma, T. Nagano and Z. Coskun 2005 The Efficiency of WUA Management in the Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project (in Japanese). Proceedings of Annual Conference of the Japanese Society for International Development November 26-27(2005):252-255.

Umetsu, C., S. Donma, T. Nagano and Z. Coskun 2005 The Efficiency of WUA Management in the Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project. Journal of Rural Economics Special Issue:440-444.

Taniguchi, M., T. Ishitobi and K. Saeki 2005 Evaluation of time-space distributions of submarine groundwater discharge. Ground Water 43:336-342.

Onder, S., R. Kanber and D. Onder 2005 The Effects of Different Irrigation Methods and Management Tecniques on Water Saving. International Symposium on Water for Development Worldwide September 7-11, 2005:555-567. Istanbul, TURKEY

Masuoka, K., K. Fujinawa, M. Furukawa, T. Nagano and T. Watanabe 2005 Experimental studies for identifying the impacts of sea-level rise caused by global warming on groundwater environment in areas below sea-level. Journal of Groundwater Hydrology 47(1):19-28. (in Japanese)

Kitoh, A 2005 Does heavy rainfall increase by global warming?. Kagaku 75(No. 10):1155-1158. (in Japanese)

Kitoh, A., M. Hosaka, Y Adachi and K. Kamiguchi 2005 Future projections of precipitation characteristics in East Asia simulated by the MRI CGCM2. Advances in Atmospheric Sciences 22:467-478.

Kawase, H., T. Sato and F. Kimura 2005 Numerical experiments on cloud streets in the lee of island arcs during cold-air outbreaks. Geophys. Res. Lett. accepted

Kagatsume,M. 2005 An Econometric Analysis on the Interrelations among Rural Industries Structure, Agricultural Productivities and Climate Changes in Turkey. The Natural Resource Economics Review No.10:49-70. (in Japanese)

Kagatsume,M. 2005 Impacts of Climate Change on the Structure and Productivities of Rural Industries in Turkey in (M. Yamaguchi ed.). Agricultural Strategy and Trends of Food Self-sufficiency Rate in Asian Countries, Chapter 7:91-114. (in Japanese)

Silbebush, M., J. Ben-Asher and J. E. Ephrath 2005 A model for nutrients and water flow, and their uptake by plants grown in a soilless culture. Plant & Soil 271:309-319.

Fujinawa,K., M.Furukawa, T.Nagano and T.Watanabe 2005 Impacts of sea-level rise on groundwater environment in coastal areas: Laboratory experiments, numerical analyses, and a case study in Turkey. EWRI `OS World Water & Environmental Resources Congress, Anchorage, Alaska, USA, May 14-19:1-7.

Fujihara,Y., T.Kojiri, K.Tomosugi, H.Irie and N.Sakata 2005 Impacts of Climate Change on the Water Utilization Planning of Dams. Engineering for Dams 230:3-11. (in Japanese)

Evrendilek,F, J.Ben-Asher,M.Aydm and I.Celik 2005 Spatial and temporal variations in diurnal C02 fluxes of different Mediterranean ecosystems in Turkey.. Journal of Environmental Monitoring 7(1):151-157.

Eshet,T.,O.Ayalon and M.Shechter 2005 An Inclusive Comparative Review of Valuation Methods for Assessing Environmental Goods and Externalities.. International Journal of Business Environment (IJBE),Nov. 28 205:2005-2015.

Chianu,J. N.and H.Tsujii 2005 Integrated nutrient management (INM) in the farming systems of the savannas of the northern Nigeria: What future?. Outlook on Agriculture 34(3):197-202.

Aydm,M.,S.L.Yang,N.Kurt and T.Yano 2005 Test of a simple model for estimating evaporation from bare soils in different environments. Ecological Modelling 182:91-105.

Asami,A.,R.Senda,R.Sou and H.Tsujii 2005 Entrepreneurship in Farms and Villages of China: A Panel Data Analysis Using the Profit Function Approach,. Journal of Rural Economics 77(2):67-77. (in Japanese)

Alpert,P, R.Ilani, A.da-Silva, A.Rudack and M.Mandel 2005 Seasonal Prediction for Israel Winter Precipitation based on northern Hemispheric EOF. MERCHAVIM special issue..

Alpert,P, C.Price, S.O.Krichak, B.Ziv, H.Saaroni, I.Osetinsky, J.Barkan and P.Kishcha 2005 Tropical teleconnections to the Mediterranean climate and weather. Advances in Geosciences, 2:157-160.

Onder, S., M. E. Caliskan, D. Onder and S Caliskan 2005 Different Irrigation Methods and Water Stress Effects on Potato Yield and Yield Components. Agricultural Water Management 73(2005):73-86.

Yatagai, A., P. Xie and A. Kitoh 2005 Utilization of a new gauge-based daily precipitation dataset over monsoon Asia for validation of the daily precipitation climatology simulated by the MRI/JMA 20-km-mesh AGCM. SOLA 1:193-196.

Onder, S., S. Bozkurt, G. Sayilikan, D. Onder and M. Kara 2005 Effects of Water Stress and Mulch on Grean Bean Yield and Yield Components in Greenhouse Condition. Asian Journal of Plant Science 5(1):127-132.

Krichak, S. and P. Alpert 2005 Decadal trends in the East-Atlantic West Russia pattern and the Mediterranean precipitation. Intern. J. of Climatol 25:183-192.

Fujinawa,K., K.Masuoka, T.Nagano and T.Watanabe 2005 Numerical simulation modeling for salt-water intrusion in predicting impacts of sea-level rise on areas below sea-level. Journal of Environmental Systems and Engineering, JSCE 790:35-48. (in Japanese)

Chianu,J. N.,H.Tsujii and K.Patrick 2005 Agriculture in the savannas of northern Nigeria: Pressures, transformations, damage and coping strategies.. Outlook on Agriculture Vol.33(No.4):247-253.

Chakravorty,U.,E.Hochman,C.Umetsu and D.Zilberman 2005 Alternative Institutions for Water Distribution. Working paper #5-17. Department of Economics, Central Florida University, Orlando FL, U.S.A.  http://www.bus.ucf.edu/wp/content/archives/05-17Chakravorty.pdf

Ashrit,R.,A.Kitoh and S.Yukimoto 2005 Transient response of ENSO-monsoon teleconnection in MRI-CGCM2.2 climate change simulations. J. Meteor Soc. Japan 83(273):291.

Ujjayant, Chakravorty, Eithan Hochman, Chieko Umetsu and David Zilberman 2004 Privatizing Water Distribution. Working Paper #04-03. Department of Economics, Emory University, Atlanta GA, U.SA.

Taniguchi, M. and H. Iwakawa 2004 Submarine groundwater discharge in Osaka Bay. Japan. Imnology 5:25-32.

Takeuchi, S. and T. Yano 2004 Application of Sap Flow Measurement in Real Time Soil Moisture Management. WORLD WATER & ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES CONGRESS 2004 Critical transitions in Water & Environmental Resources Management ASCE on-line proceedings.

Wang, Y., L. R. Leng, J. McGregor, D-K. Lee, W-C. Wang, Y. Ding and F. Kimura 2004 Regional Climate Modeling: Progress, Challenges, and Prospects. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan. (in press)

Kusaka, H. and F. Kimura 2004 Formation mechanism of nocturnal urban heat island-Application of the singlelayer urban canopy model. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan. (in press)

Xie, P., A. Yatagai, M. Chen, T. Hayasaka, Y. Fukushima and C. Liu 2004 Daily precipitation analysis over East Asia: Algorithm, validation and products. Proceedings of 2"d Internationl Workshop on Yellow River studies Nov. 8-10, 2004, Kyoto, Japan:92-94.

Yatagai, A., P. Xie, M. Chen 2004 Recent variation of the atmospheric branch of the hydrological cycle over the Yellow River. Proceedings of 2"ー Internationl Workshop on Yellow River studies Nov. 8-10, 2004, Kyoto,Japan:110-116.

Xie, P., M. Chen, A. Yatagai, T. Hayasaka and Y. Fukushima 2004 An analysis of daily precipitation over East Asia: the test product and its applications, Eos Trans. AGU 85(28). West. Pac. Geophys. Meet. Suppl., Abstract H51 A-01

Chianu, J. N. and H. Tsuji 2004 Determinants of Farmers' Decision to Adopt or Not AdoptInorganic Fertilizer in the Savannas of Northern Nigeria. publication in Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems Accepted in June 16, 2004.

Hirose, S., A. Kume, S. Takeuchi, Y. Utsumi, K. Otsuki and S. Ogawa 2004 Stem water transport of Lithocarpus edulis, an evergreen oak with radial porous wood. Tree physiology 25:221-228.

Yatagai, A., A. Sugimoto and M. Nakawo 2004 The Isotopic Composition of Water Vapor and the Conturrent Meteorological Conditions around the Northeast Part of the Tibetan Plateau. Proceedings for the 6'ti Internationl Study Conference on GEWEX in Asia and GAME 3-5 December, 2004, Kyoto, Japan.

Chianu, Jonas Nwankwo, Hiroshi Tsujii and Kormawa Patrick 2004 Agriculture in the savannas of northern Nigeria: Important pressures, transformations, damaging coping strategies and promising adjustments. Outlook on Agriculture vol. 33, No. 4:247-253. December 2004

Burnett, W. C., M. Taniguchi and G. Wattayakon 2004 Groundwater and nutrient inputs into the upper Gulf of Thailand. LOICZ report . (in press)

Masuda, K., A. Yatagai 2003 Consistency of meteorological reanalysis data sets with respect to long-term mean water balance. Geophysical Research Letters. (submitted)

Taniguchi, M., W. C. Burnett, J. E. Cable, J. V. Turner M. Taniguchi, K. Wang and T. Gamo eds. 2003 Assessment methodologies of submarine groundwater discharge. Land and marine hydrogeology Elsevier,Amsterdam:1-23.

Taniguchi, M., Turner, J. V. and Smith, A. J. 2003 Evaluations of groundwater discharge rates from subsurface temperature in Cockburn Sound, Western Australia. Biogeochemistry 66:111-124.

Taniguchi, M., W. C. Burnett, C. F. Smith, R. J. Paulsen, D. O'Rourke, S. L. Krupa and J. L. Christoff 2003 Spatial and temporal distributions of submarine groundwater discharge rates obtained from various types of seepage meters at a site in the Northeastern Gulf of Mexico. Biogeochemistry 66:35-53.

Chakravorty, Ujjayant and Chieko Umetsu 2003 Basinwide Water Management: A Spatial Model. A Spatial Model" Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 45:1-23.

Yang, S. H., M. Aydin, T. Yano and L. Xin 2003 Evapotranspiration of orange trees in greenhouse lysimeters. Irrig Sci 21:145-149.

Kang, S. D. and F. Kimura 2003 Teleconnection Between Tropical SST Forcing and Subtropical Anticyclone; Part I A Numerical Study on the Linear Propagation of the Rossby Wave. J. Meteor. Soc. Japan 81:1225-1242.

Okamura, O. and F. Kimura 2003 Behavior of GPS-derived precipitable water vapor in the mountain lee after the passage of a cold front. G.R.L. 30:1746. DOI:10.1029/2003GL017572

Sato, T. and F. Kimura 2003 A two-dimensional numerical study on diurnal cycle of mountain lee precipitation. J. Atmos. Sci 60:1992-2003.

Yatagai, A. 2003 Hydrological Balance and its Variability over the Arid/Semi-Arid Regions in the Eurasian Continent Seen from ECMWF 15-year Reanalysis Data. Hydrological Processes 17(2871):2884.

Yatagai, A., M. Sugita, N. Yamazaki and M. Oh'izumi 2003 A comparative study of the surface fluxes derived from meteorological four dimensional data ssimilation products (GAME reanalysis) with Asian Automatic Weather Station Network (AAN) observations over the Tibetan Plateau. Proceedings of the 1st international conference on Hydrology and Water Resources in Asia Pacific Region APHW2003:722-727.

Yatagai, A. 2003 Characteristics of Orographical Precipitation over South Asia seen from TRMM/PR. Proceedings of the 1st international conference on Hydrology and Water Resources in Asia Pacific Region APHW 2003:51-56.

Taniguchi, M., Uchida, S. and Kinoshita, M. 2003 Periodical changes of submarine fruid discharge from a deep seafloor, Suiyo Sea Mountain. Japan Geophys. Res. Lett 30(18). DOI:10.1029/2003GL017924

Chianu, Jonas Nwankwo and Hiroshi Tsujii 2003 Missing Links in Sustainable Food Production in West Africa:the Case of Savanna of Northern Nigeria. Accepted without amendment (on 25 June 26, 2003) and in press for Sustainable Development, 2003.

Aoda, Tadao and Hiroshi Homma 2003 "Phase transition of water in film stage of unsaturated soils" in Karube, A.,Iizuka, S., Kawai, K. and Tateyama, K. eds. Unsaturated Soils Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Issues-,Organizing Committee UNSAT-ASIA 2003:81-84.

Chianu, Jonas Nwankwo and Hiroshi Tsujii 2003 Integrated nutrient management (INM) in the farming systems of the savannas of the northern Nigeria: What future?. Outlook on Agriculture Accepted in November 2003 and to be published in March 2005.

Chanton, J. P., W. C. Burnett, H. Dulaiova, D. R. Corbett and M. Taniguchi 2003 Seepage rate variability in Florida Bay driven by Atlantic tidal height. Biogeochemistry 66:187-202.

Nakagawa, H., T. Horie and T. Matsui 2003 "Effects of climate change on rice production and adaptive technologies."I (T. W. Mew, D. S. Brar, S. Peng, D. Dawe and B. Hardy eds.). Rice Science: Innovations and Impact for Livelihood. International Rice Research Institute:635-658.

Burnett, W. C., H. Bokuniewicz, M. Huettle, W. S. Moore and M. Taniguchi 2003 Groundwater and pore water inputs to the coastal zone. Biogeochemistry 66:3-33.

Umetsu, Chieko, Thamana Lekprichakul and Ujjayant Chakravorty 2003 Efficiency and Technical Change in the Philippine Rice Sector: A Matmquist Total Factor Productivity Analysis. American Journal of Agricultural Economics 85 no. 4:943-963.

Yoshikane, T. and F. Kimura 2003 Formation Mechanism of the simulated SPCZ and Baiu front using a regional climate model. J. Atmos. Sci 60:2612-2632.

Taniguchi, M, Burnett W. C., Cable J. E., Turner J. V. 2002 Investigation of submarine groundwater discharge. HydrolProcess 16:2115-2129.

Kume, Takashi, Tsugihiro Watanabe and Toru Mitsuno 2002 Soil Salinity assessment in Hetao irrigation district using electromagnetic induction Technique, The International Conference on the Optimum Allocation of Water Resource, the Ecological Environment Construction and the Sustainable Development in Arid Zone. Inner Mongolia University Publishing, China:132-137.

Taniguchi, M. 2002 Tidal effects on submarine groundwater discharge into the ocean. Geophys. Res. Lett. 29(12). DOI:10.1029/2002GL014987

Umetsu, Chieko 2002 The Optimal Dynamic Model of Conjunctive Water Use. Japanese Journal of Rural 4:1-10.

Yang, S. H., S. Takeuchi, T. Yano and Y. Kitamura 2002 Evapotranspiration from citrus trees growing in sandy soil under drip irrigation with saline water. Science in China 45(supp.):41-46.

Yang, S. H., T. Yano, M. Aydin, Y. Kitamura and S. Takeuchi 2002 Short term effects of saline irrigation on evapotranspiration from lysimeter-grown citrus trees. Agricultural Water Management 56:131-141.

Yoshikane, T., F. Kimura and S. Emori 2001 Numerical study on the Baiu Front genesis by heating contrast between land and ocean. J. Meteoro. Soc. Japan 79:671-686.

Kusaka, H., H. Kondo, Y. Kikegawa and F. Kimura 2001 A Simple Single-Layer Urban Canopy Model for Atmospheric Models: Comparison with Multi-Layer and Slab Models. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 101:329-358.

Lee, S. H. and F. Kimura 2001 Comparative studies in the local circulation induced by land-use and by topography. Boundary-Layer Meteor 101:157-182.

Kimura, F. and T. Yoshikane 2001 Effects of Soil Moisture of the Asian Continent upon the Baiu Front. Present and Future of Modeling Global Environmental Change (Ed. T. Matsuno and H. Kida):101-110.

Kitoh, A. Climate projections by climate models. Energy and Resources 27:108-112. (in Japanese)

Nakagawa, H., J. Yamagishi, N. Miyamoto, M. Motoyama, M. Yano and K. Nemoto Flowering response of rice to photoperiod and temperature: A QTL analysis using a phonological model. Theoretical Applied Genetics (submitted).

Eshet,T.,O.Ayalon and M.Shechter A Critical Review of Economic Valuation Studies of Externalities from Incineration and Landfilling.. Waste Management & Research Vol.23(No.6):487-504.

Ben-Asher,J.,P.S.Nobel,E.Yossov and Y.Mizrahi Net C02 uptake rates for Hylocereus undatus and Selenicereus megalanthus under field conditions: Drought influence and a novel method for analyzing temperature dependence. . Photosynthetica 44:181-186.

【Review Articles】

Tsujii, H. 2007 The Roles and Contributions of the Researchers in the Field of Regional Agricultural and Forestry Economics: From the View Point of Social ontribution. The Presidential Address at the Annual Congress of As sociation for Regional Agricultural and Forestry Economics. Journal of Rural Problems 42(4). (in Japanese)

Kishibe,Y 2007 Impacts of climate changes on the vegetation distribution in Seyhan River basin, Turkey. Tottori University . (in Japanese)

Iizumi, T. 2007 Impact of global warming on production change of paddy rice and its economic assessment. Ph.D. dissertation, Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba.

Watanabe, T., K. Hoshikawa, T. Kume, and T. Nagano 2006 Development of a model for assessing irrigation management performance and climate change impacts on irrigation scheme. Proceedings of 3rd Asian Regional Conference of ICID. (accepted)

Tsujii, H. 2006 Agricultural Policy and Bargaining Strategy of Asean Countries. Special Issue:WTO and Agricultural Strategies for East Asia. Agriculture and Economy 72(1):26-27. (in Japanese)

Nagano, T. 2006 Patients, the hospital and death in Niger. Sabakushi Note. 4:3-4.

Maru, T. 2006 The Effect of Irrigation on the Adoption of Crop-Livestock Multiple-Farming and the Livestock Keeping. The conference of The Association for Regional Agricultural and Forestry Economics, Japan.

Kitoh, A. 2006 Climate projections by climate models. Energy and Resources. (in Japanese)

Fujinawa, K. 2006 Projection and Evaluation Techniques for Groundwater (Theory). Journal of the Japanese Society for Impact Assessment:3-10. (in Japanese)

Fujihara, Y, K. Tanaka, T. Watanabe, and T. Kojiri 2006 Impacts of Global Warming on the Water Resources of the Seyhan River Basin, Turkey. Applied Hydrology 19:107-116. (in Japanese)

Evrendilek, F., J. Ben-Asher, and M. Aydin 2006 Continuous measurement of diurnal photosynthesis, transpiration, water use efficiency and light use efficiency of wheat leaves under Mediterranean field conditions. Turkey (submitted)

Ben-Asher, J., M. Silberbush, and J. Ephrath 2006 Uptake Rates of N03 and K by Lettuce on Soilless culture: a Mathematical Model and Experimental Results. International Symposium on Soilless Culture and Hydroponics ISHS Acta Horticulturae 697:311-315.

Nagano, T. 2006 My vision though research visits abroad and the life in mountainous village in Japan. Journal of JSIDRE 74(10):62-64.

Hoshikawa, K., T. Kume, T. Nagano and T. Watanabe 2006 Estimation of Water Balance of Hetao Irrigation District by Model Application. Proceedings of CREST-SWIM The International Symposium on Land and Water Management in Arid Region.

Evrendilek, F., S. Berberoglu, I. Celik, J. Ben-Asher, M. Aydin, M. Koc, S. Taskinsu-Meydan, C. Barutcular, S. Kilic, and K. Dogan 2006 Quantifying carbon and nitrogen dynamics of ecosystems of Seyhan watershed in changing global climate and land uses. Final Report of the Project TOYAG (AFVRGG)-JPN-04 for Agriculture. Forestry & Veterinary Research Grant Group (AFVRGG)

Fujihara, Y, K. Tanaka, T. Watanabe, and T. Kojiri 2006 Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Hydrology and Water Resources of the Seyhan River Basin. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture. (CD-ROM)

Watanabe, T., T. Nagano, and R. Kanber 2006 Innovated cross-disciplinary approach to impact assessment of climate change on agricultural production system in acid areas. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture. (CD-ROM)

Arima, T., K. Fujinawa, and T. Watanabe 2006 Impacts of sea-level rise on subsurface environment in lower Seyhan River basin. Proceeding of Spring Symposium of Japanese Association of Groundwater Hydrology:14-19. (in Japanese)

Kagatsume, M. 2006 Food/Agricultural Situations and Environment: Trade Policy in Australia. Report of the AsiaPacific Area Food & Agricultural Situation Survey. Japan Association for International Collaboration of Agriculture and Forestry:3-38. (JAICAF)

Kagatsume, M. 2006 Rape Blossom Project as the Rural Resource Recycling and Regional Revitalization.

Kameyama, H., E. H. Cakmak, and Y Lu 2006 Economic Evaluation of the Impact of EU Membership on Agriculture of Turkey. Technical Bulletin of Faculty of Agriculture, Kagawa University 59.

Kato, K. 2006 Effect of climate changes on the vegetation in a semi-arid area-Cukurova Plain, Turkey-.Tottori University. (in Japanese)

Odemis, B., and F. Evrendilek 2006 Assessing water quality and quantity of national watersheds in Turkey (submitted).

Sano, J., S. Tamai, M. Ando, and K. Kato 2006 Effects of Climate Change on the Species Composition and Vegetation Productivity in Arid Areas: Species Composition and Distributional Patterns of Predominant Tree Species in the Eastern Mediterranean Region of Turkey. Abstracts of the Second Scientific Congress of Easast Asian Federation of Ecological Societies 499.

Shamir, S., N. Zeitouni, and M. Shechter 2006 Economic Valuation of Habitats: Application to the Mediterranean Grove in Carmel National-Park. (working paper)

Tanaka, K., Y Fujihara, T. Watanabe, T. Kojiri, and S. Ikebuchi 2006 The Impact of Climate Change on the Surface Water Balance in Semi-arid Region. Proceedings of the 3rd conference of Asia Pack Association of Hydrology and Water Resources. (APHW)(CD-ROM)

Watanabe T. 2006 Water Management of Paddy Fields for Conserving Wildlife Habitats. Proceedings of Sth International Conference on Management of Paddy and Water Environment for Sustainable Rice Production (II).

Watanabe T., K. Hoshikawa and T. Kume 2006 Water Use and Water Balance of Large Irrigation Schemes in the Yellow River Basin. Proceedings of CREST-SWIM The International Symposium on Land and Water Management in Arid Region.

Yatagai, A., P. Xie, and A. Kitoh 2006 Validation by a new gauge-based daily grid precipitation dataset of daily precipitation climatology over monsoon Asia simulated by MRUJMA 20-km-mesh AGCM. Proceedings for the12th conference of mountain meteorology, American Meteorological Society.

Watanabe T. Against the Global Warming with "Mitameshi" and "Projection. Mainichi Shinbun. June 3, 2006

Yatagai, A. Focus on Precipitation Data. Mainichi Shinbun. December 19, 2006

Tsujii, H. Creating Liveliness of the Aged: Pursuing Phantasmal Yuwaku Turnip" Hidden Vegetables. Hokkoku Shinbun. December 25, 2006

Research Presentations

【Oral Presentation】

Watanabe,T Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Irrigation Management Using a Performance Assessment Model. 3rd Asian Regional Conference of ICID, 2007.09.14, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia..

Watanabe,T Water Management of Paddy Fields for Conserving Wildlife Habitats. 5th In ternational Conference on Management of Paddy and Water Environment for Sustainable Rice Production (II), 2007.08.10, Utsunomiya, Japan..

Yatagai, A. Evaluation of climate variation on water resources of the arid areas-development of a daily grid precipitation dataset. Japan Meteorological Agency, 2007.03.30.

Umetsu, C., K. Palanisami, Z. Coskun, S. Donma, T. Nagano, Y Fujihara, and K. Tanaka Climate Change and Alternative Cropping Patterns in Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project: A Simulation Analysis. The Agricultural Economics Society of Japan Annual Meeting,, 2007.03.29-2007.03.30, Okinawa International University..

Umetsu,C., K.Palanisami, Z.Coskun, S.Donma, T.Nagano, Y.Fujihara, and K.Tanaka. Climate Change and Alternative Cropping Patterns in Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project: A Simulation Analysis with MRI-GCM and CCSR-GCM. The TEA (Theoretical Economics and Agriculture) Spring Meeting,, 2007.03.28, Okinawa International University..

Fujihara,Y, K.Tanaka, T.Watanabe, and T.Kojiri. Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on the Water Resources of the Seyhan River Basin,Turkey. International Congress on River Basin Management, , 2007.03.22-2007.03.24, Gloria Golf Resort Hotel, Antalya, Turkey..

Fujihara,Y, T.Kojiri. Uncertainties in Global Warming Impacts on Water Resources. Annual Meeting of Hydraulic Engineering, 2007.03.06-2007.03.08, Hosei University, Koganei..

Yilmaz, K. T., S. Berberoglu, H. Cakan, H. Alphan, Y Izcankurtaran Data inventory and monitoring in the coastal dunes of Kazanh/Tiirkiye, A case study for. International Conference on Environment: Survival and Sustainability, , 2007.02.19-2007.02.24, Near East University,Nicosia, Northern Cyprus..

Nagano, T., K. Hoshikawa, S. Donma, T. Kume, S. Onder, B. Ozekici, R. Kanber, T. Watanabe. Assessing adaptive capacity of large irrigation districts towards climate change and social change with Irrigation Management Performance Assessment Model. International Conference,Water Saving in Mediterranean Agriculture & Future Research Needs, 2007.02.14, Valenzano, Italy.

Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production System in Arid Areas (ICCAP). Adana Symposium, 2007.02.12-2007.02.13, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey. Participants:55(Japanese:12, Turkish:40, other countries:3)Research paper presentation: 27

Watanabe, T. Perspetives of Knowledge on Water and Land for Global Environment. 4th Research Meeting of Research Group of Land and Water Culture, 2007.02.08, JSIDRE (Toranomon Pastoral, Minato-ku, Tokyo).

Umetsu, C., K. Palanisami, Z. Coskun, S. Donma, T. Nagano, Y Fujihara, and K. Tanaka Climate Change and Alternative Cropping Patterns in Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project: A Simulation Analysis. The 3rd International Groundwater Confrence (IGC2007), Water, Environment and Agriculture: Present Problems and Future Challenges, 2007.02.07-2007.02.10, Tamilnadu Agricultural University,Coimbatore, India.

Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production System in Arid Areas (ICCAP). Kyoto Symposium, 2007.01.30-2007.01.31, RIHN, Kyoto. Participants:40(Japanese:30, Turkish:9,other countries:1)Research paper presentation: 23.

Watanabe,T Water Use of Agriculture and Environmental Problem in the World. Hanshin Senior College of Hyogo Prefecture, 2007.01.26, Center for Medium-sized and Small Companies of Amagasaki (Amagasaki City, Hyogo Prefecture).

Watanabe, T. Impacts of Global Warming on Turkish Agriculture-Introduction t0 RIHN Research Project. 84th Topcapi Saloon of The Japan-Turkey Culture Society, 2007.01.26, (Kyodai Kaikan, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture).

Nagano, T. Can we predict effects of global warming at regional scale?. Research Frontier seminar, Faculty of Agriculture, 2007.01.17, Tottori University.

Watanabe, T. Irrigation Management and Basin Environment in the Yellow River Basin. Special Lecture of the Department of Regional Environment, College of Agriculture, Kyoto University, 2006.12.19, (Kyoto University, Kyoto City, Kyoto Prefecture).

Watanabe T. and others Assessment of Climate Change Impacts on Irrigated Agriculture Using IMAPAM. Annual Meeting of Joint Research of Arid Land Research Center of Tottori University, 2006.12.05, (Arid Land Research Center of Tottori University, Tottori Prefecture, Japan).

Tsujii, H . Panel discussion "Oasis of Urban Area: What to Do about Suburban Agriculture?", 2006.12.03, Osaka.

Watanabe, T. Rprojection of Future Climate and Impact of Climate Changes on Agriculture. CASA (Citizens' Alliance for Saving the Atmosphere and the Earth) Symposium on "Global Warming and Issues on Agriculture and Food", 2006.12.03. (Business Innovation Center Osaka, Osaka City, Osaka Prefecture)

Tsujii, H. Agriculture and Rural Future in Asia: Roundup comment. JASS'06:JSPS Asian Science Seminar on Development Strategy for Sustainable Food System, Organized by Nihon University College of Bioresource Science (NUBS) and Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, 2006.11.26-2006.12.05, Fujisawa, Japan.

Yatagai, A . Climate Colloquium "On the APHRODITE project", 2006.11.25, Japan University.

Fujihara, Y, K. Tanaka, T. Watanabe, T. Kojiri. Impacts of Global Warming on the Water Resources of the Seyhan River Basin, Turkey. Symposium on Hydrology and Water Environment, 2006.11.16-2006.11.17, Shimane University, Matsue.

Yatagai, A., P. Xie.SPIE (Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineering) Utilization of a rain-gauge-based daily precipitation dataset over Asia for validation of precipitation derived from TRMM/PR and JRA-25. , 2006.11.14, Goa, India.

RIHN 1st International Symposium Satellite Symposium "Sali-grapy" RIHN. , 2006.11.11-2006.11.12, Kyoto. Participants:50 Research paper presentation: 10

Nagano, T., Hoshikawa,K., Donma, S., Kume, T. and Watanabe, T. Irrigation and drainage canal properties as important indices for assessing adaptive capacity of large irrigation districts towards climate change and social change. An Earth System Science Partnership Global Environmental Change Open Science Conference, 2006.11.09-2006.11.12, Beijing, China.

Izcankurtaran, Y, K.T. Yilmaz. Conflicts on the Sustainable Management of Coastal and Marine Areas Around Iskenderun Bay. VI. National Congress on Coastal and Marin Areas of Turkey, 2006.11.07-2006.11.11, Mugla University, Mugla.

Yalgm, K., K.T. Evaluation of the Draft of Biodiversity and Nature Conservation Law. VI. National Congress on Coastal and Marin Areas of Turkey, 2006.11.07-2006.11.11, Mugla University,Mugla..

Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production System in Arid Areas (ICCAP). Kyoto Workshop, 2006.11.02, RIHN, Kyoto. Participants: 37 (Japanese: 30, Turkish: 7)Research paper presentation: 14.

Iizumi, T., Y Hayashi, and F. Kimura. Pseudo global warming experiments in Japan using regional climate model and rice yield changes. 2006 Meteorological Society of Japan Fall Meeting, 2006.10.25-2006.10.27, Nagoya, Japan.

Kimura, F. and A Kitoh. Impact of global warming on snow water eqivalent in Turkey. 2006 Meteorological Society of Japan Fall Meeting, 2006.10.25-2006.10.27, Nagoya, Japan.

Kimura, F., and A. Kitoh Impact of global warming on precipitation in Turkey: Downscaling of MRI-CGCM2 using regional climate model. 2006 Meteorological Society of Japan Fall Meeting, 2006.10.25-2006.10.27, Nagoya, Japan.

Nagano, T., Hoshikawa, K., Donma, S., Kume, T. and Watanabe, T. Macroscopic Handling of a large irrigation district by the Irrigation Management Performance Assessment Model. Third APHW Conference on "Wise Water Resources Management Towards Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction", 2006.10.18, Bangkok.

Hoshikawa, K., Nagano, T., Kume, T., Watanabe, T. Evaluation of climate change impacts on the Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project, Turkey. The 3rd conference of Asia Pacific Association of Hydrology and Water Resources (APHW), 2006.10.17, Bangkok, Thailand.

Yatagai, A., P. Xie and P. Alpert. Development of the dail grid precipitation dataset: Towards evaluation of the global warming effects on water resources over the East Mediterranean. EGU(European Geophysical Union) 8th Plinius conference, 2006.10.17-2006.10.20, Dead Sea, Israel.

Ozekici, B., Donma, S., Onder, S. and Nagano,T. Evaluation of Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project. International Conference on Renewable Energies and Water Technologies, 2006.10.06-2006.10.07, Almeria, Spain.

Hoshikawa,K., Kume, T., Nagano, T., Watanabe, T. Estimation of Water Balance of Hetao Irrigation District by Model Application. The International Symposium on Land and Water Management in Arid Regions, 2006.09.26, Inner-Mongolia Agricultural University, Hohhot, Inner-Mongolia Province, China.

Hoshikawa, K., Nagano, T., Watanabe, T. Development of distributed water balance model with irrigation management information. The Japan Society of Hydrology and Water Resources Annual Meeting 2006, 2006.08.31, Okayama University, Okayama, Okayama Prefecture.

Yatagai, A., P. Xie and A. Kitoh. Validation by a New Gauge-based Daily Grid Precipitation Dataset of Daily Precipitation Climatology over Monsoon Asia Simulated by MRI/JMA 20-km-mesh AGCM. 12th Conference on Mountain Meteorology, 2006.08.28-2006.09.01, AMS (American Meteorological Society), Santa Fe, NM.

Kume T., Nagano T., Hoshikawa K., Akga E., Donmna S., Kapur S., Berbeloglu S., Watanabe T Regional Salinity Assessment Based on Relationship Between Land Use and Salinity. Annual meeting of The Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering, 2006.08.10, Utsunomiya, Japan.

Hoshikawa,K., Nagano, T., Kume, T., Watanabe, T. Impact assessment of global warming on Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project, Turkey. The Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering Annual Meeting, 2006.08.10, Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya Tochigi Prefecture.

Nagano, T. For those who are interested in Global Environment Study. Annual meeting of The Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering, 2006.08.09, Utsunomiya, Japan.

Kume, T. Issues and Future Perspectives of Interdisciplinary Study. Annual meeting of The Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering, 2006.08.08, Utsunomiya, Japan.

Donma,S. Nagano,T., Hoshikawa, K, KUME, T. and WATANABE, T. Long-term Changes of Shallow Groundwater Level and Salinity in the Lower Seyhan Plain,Turkey. Annual meeting of The Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering, 2006.08.08, Utsunomiya,Japan.

Fujihara, Y, K. Tanaka, T. Kojiri, T. Watanab Impacts of climate change on the water resources of the Seyhan River Basin and adaptation. The Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering Annual Meeting, 2006.08.08-9206.08.10, Utsunomiya University, Utsunomiya.

David, H., M. Shechter, and P.Berliner Economic Impacts of Climate Change on Israeli Agriculture. Presented at the Third World Congress of Environmental & Resource Economists, 2006.07.03-2006.07.07, Kyoto,Japan.

Kan, I, M. Rapaport-Rom, and M. Shechter Economic Analysis of Climate Change Impacts on Agricultural Profitability and Land-Use:The Case of Israel. The Third World Congress of Environmental & Resource Economists, 2006.07.03-2006.07.07, Kyoto, Japan.

Tsujii, H. Economic Growth, Constraints of Natural Resources and Its Beyond-Focus on Fresh Water Resources, Food Production and Natural Environment. The 22nd Asian Parliamentarians Meetings on Population and Development Programme, Population in the Globalizing Society-Focusing Asia and the Pacific, 2006.04.23-2006.04.24, New Delhi, India.

Tsujii, H . Hiroshima prefecture symposium "Evaluating the Future of Food and Agriculture", 2006.04.11, Hiroshima.

Fujihara, Y, K. Tanaka, T. Watanabe, and T. Kojiri. Potential Impacts of Climate Change on the Hydrology and Water Resources of the Seyhan River Basin. The International Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture, 2006.04.04-2006.04.08, Cukurova University,Adana, Turkey.

International Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture,. , 2006.04.04-2006.04.08, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey. Participants about 250 (Japanese: 10, Turkish: 200, other countries: 40)

Yatagai, A. Global warming impacts on hydrological regime in Adana, Turky. The International Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture, 2006.04.04-2006.04.08, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey.

Umetsu, C., K. Palanisami, Z. Cokun, S. Donma, T. Nagano, Y Fujihara, and K. Tanaka Water Scarcity and Alternative Cropping Patterns in Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project: A Simulation Analysis. TThe International Symposium on WATER AND LAND MANAGEMENT FOR, 2006.04.04-2006.04.08, Cukurova University, Adana-Turkey.

Onder, S. and D. Onder The Examination of Water Pricing System at the Some Groundwater Irrigation Cooperatives under Amik Plain in Turkey. International Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture, 2006.04.04-2006.04.08, Adana, Turkey.

Nagano, T., Donma, S., Hoshikawa, K. Kume, T., Umetsu, C., Akga, E., Onder, S, Berberoglu, S., Ozekici, B., Watanabe, T., Kapur, S. and Kanber, R. Integrated approach for assessment of an irrigation system in Lower Seyhan Plain, Turkey. International Symposium on Water and Land Management for Sustainable Irrigated Agriculture, 2006.04.04-2006.04.08, Cukurova University, Adana, Turkey.

Kagatsume, M. Water Use Reform and Environment Resource Conservation in Australia. Regional Conference of Association of Australian Studies, 2006.03.18, Ohtemon University.

Kanber, R. Water Saving Opportunities for Sustainment of Irrigated Agriculture: Field Irrigation in Turkey. International Water Saving in Mediterranean Agriculture (WASAMED) Thematic Network, Workshop on Harmonization and Integration of Water Saving Options, 2006.03.03-2006.03.07.

Alpert, P The ECHAM4/OPYC3 and HadCM3 simulations of the E. Mediterranean climate vs NCEP/NCAP reanalysis over 1960-1990 based on the regional synoptic systems. The Annual Conference of the Israeli Meteorological Association, 2006-2006, Bazel Hotel, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Kishcha, P., P Alpert, A. Shtivelman, S. O. Krichak and J. H. Joseph Clouds' contribution to the errors of model-predicted dust vertical distributions. The 19th Annual Meeting of the Israeli Association for Aerosol Research, 2005.12.29, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Barkan, J., P Alpert, H. Kutiel and P. Kishcha The synoptics of dust transportation days from Africa towards Italy and central Europe. The 19th Annual Meeting of the Israeli Association for Aerosol Research, 2005.12.29, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.

Alpert, P, J. Barkan and P Kishcha A potential climatic index for total Saharan dust - The sun insolation. The 19th Annual Meeting of the Israeli Association for Aerosol Research, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel, 2005.12.29.

Tielborger, K. and P Alpert GLOWA Jordan River - Integrated Science for Managing the Water Crisis. Water is Life - 40 Years of Diplomatic Relations Germany-Israel Conference, 2005.12.07-2005.12.08, International Convention Center Jerusalem, Israel.

Daniels, J. and P. Alpert Overview of the GLOWA Jordan River Project. Water is Life - 40 Years of Diplomatic Relations Germany-Israel Conference, 2005.12.07-2005.12.08, International Convention Center Jerusalem, Israel.

Umetsu, C., S. Donma, T. Nagano and Z. Coskun The Efficient Management of Water User Associations:A Case of Lower Seyhan Irrigation Project in Turkey. presented at the 6th Open Meeting of the Human Dimensions of Global Environmental Change Research Community, 2005.10.09-2005.10.13, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany. Theme 1. Adaptive Management and Resilience; Session 1.4 Local Responses to Environmental Stress and Risks

Alpert, P Quantification of Aerosol Effects Based on Errors in Weather Prediction. Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, IAMAS 2005, 2005.08.02-2005.08.11, Beijing, China.

Alpert, P Global Dimming: Large Cities' Contribution. Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, IAMAS 2005, 2005.08.02-2005.08.11, Beijing, China.

Alpert, P Regional Climate Modelling over the E. Mediterranean. Scientific Assembly of the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Sciences, IAMAS 2005, 2005.08.02-2005.08.11, Beijing, China.

Alpert, P Assessment of Global Warming Impacts on Water Availability in the Jordan River Basin (GLOWA-Jordan River) - Regional Climate Modeling and Dynamical Downscaling for Global Warming Scenario. NATO Advanced Research Workshop, Air, Water and Soil Quality Modelling for Risk and Impact Assessment,Tabakhmela (near Tbilisi), 2005.08.02-2005.08.11.

Sato, T., R Kimura and A. Kitoh Numerical experiment on precipitation change over Mongolia under global warming. Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Terrestrial and Climate Change in Mongolia, July 2005, Mongolia. pp.26-28

Saaroni, H., B. Ziv, A. Baharad, D. Yekutieli and P. Alpert Long-Term Trend of the Summer Temperatures over the Mediterranean Basin with Respect to the Global Trend. Living with Global Change: Challenges in Environmental Sciences, 2005.03.30-2005.06.01, ISEEQS.

Kishcha, P, P Alpert, A. Shtivelman, S. O. Krichak, J. H. Joseph, F. Barnaba, G. P Gobbi, G. Kallos and C. Spyrou Comparison between Model-Simulated Dust Vertical Profiles over Rome (Italy) and Lidar Remote Soundings. Living with Global Change: Challenges in Environmental Sciences, 2005.03.30-2005.06.01, ISEEQS.

Kishcha, P, A. Zilberman, P Alpert, N. S. Kopeika, S. O. Krichak and J. H. Joseph Vertical Distribution of Saharan Dust Over Israel. Living with Global Change: Challenges in Environmental Sciences, 2005.03.30-2005.06.01, ISEEQS.

Nagano, T., K. Hoshikawa, S. Donma, T. Kume and T. Watanabe Assessment of adaptation capacity of a large irrigation district towards social and climatic changes: A case study of Lower Seyhan Basin in southern Turkey. Proceedings of World Water and Environmental Resources Congress 2005, Environment and Water Resources Institute of American Society of Civil Engineers, 2005.03.13-2005.03.19.

Alpert, P. and M. Rabinovitz-Hadar Pre- and post-Sea-Breeze frontal lines - A meso-gamma scale analysis over South Israel. Medex Meeting 2005-A, 2005.03.10-2005.03.11, Madrid, Spain.

Hoshikawa, K., T. Kume, T. Watanabe and T. Nagano A model for assessing the performance of irrigation management systems and studying regional water balances in arid zones. Proc. of 19th congress of International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, 2005, Beijing, China.

Nagano, T., Donma, S., Hoshikawa, K., Kume, T., Watanabe, T. Water Use Efficiency of the Selected Tertiary Canals in the Lower Seyahan Irrigation Project Area. Turkey Annual meeting of The Japanese Society of Irrigation, Drainage and Reclamation Engineering, 2005.

Kume, T., T. Nagano, T. Watanabe, T. Mitsuno and Chaolunbagen Effect of leaching irrigation on the spatial distribution of soil salinity in the Hetao Irrigation district in China. Proc. of 19th congress of International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage, 2005, Beijing, China.

Yatagai, A., Sugimoto, A. and Nakawo, M. The isotopic composition of water vapor and the concurrent meteorological conditions around the northeast part of the Tibetan Plateau. The 6th International Study Conference on GEWEX in Asia and GAME, 2004.12.04.

Xie, P., A. Yatagai, M. Chen, T. Hayasaka, Y. Fukushima and C. Liu An analysis of daily precipitation over East Asia: Current status and future improvements. The 6th International Study Conference on GEWEX in Asia and GAME, 2004.12.03.

Tsujii, Hiroshi, M. Kusadokoro, T. Maru, G. Ufuk, K. Tasdan Current Research Status of the Socio-economic Team of the ICCAP. Cappdokia WS of the ICCAP, 2004.11.22.

Kagatsume, Masaru An Econometric Analysis on the Interrelations among Rural Industries Structure,Agricultural Productivities and Climate Changes. ICCAP Workshop at Cappadocia, 2004.11.22-2004.11.23, Turkey.

Hoshikawa, Keisuke, Tsugihiro Watanabe and Yoshihiro Fukushima Water balance modeling of large irrigation districts in the Yellow River Basin. 2nd International Workshop on Yellow River Studies, 2004.11.08-2004.11.10, Niijima-Kaikan, Kyoto.

Aoda, Tadao Pendular saturation and Darcy's law in unsaturated porous media, Unsaturated zone modeling progress, challenges and applications. Wageningen, 2004.10.03-2004.10.05, The Netherlands.

Hoshikawa, K., T. Watanabe An evaluation model of impact of crop and irrigation management to water balance in irrigated agriculture in arid zones. 2004 Western Pacific Geophysics Meeting, 2004.08.16-2004.08.20, Hawaii Convention Center, Honolulu, Hawaii.

Nakagawa, H., T. Kobata, F. Adachi, Y. Kozaka, T. Yano, M. Koc, C. Barutcular and T. Watanabe Modeling the impact of climate change on wheat production in the Mediterranean environments - Incorporation of the frost damage on grain setting and parameterization of phenology sub-model. ICCAP Workshop in, 2004, Turkey.

Watanabe, Tsugihiro Cross-disciplinary Approach to Impact Assessment of Climate Change on Agricultural Production in Arid Region. Proceedings of Symposium on Water Resources and Its Variability in Asia an the 21st Century, 2004, Tsukuba. pp.127-130

Taniguchi, M. Global Water System and Integrated Hydrological Projects in Asia. CCOP2004, 2004, Tsukuba Japan.

Aoda, Tadao Studies on water phase and its movement in unsaturated porous media. AGU (American Geophysical Union) Fall meeting, 2003.12.08-2003.12.12, San Francisco, CA. p210

Umetsu, Chieko Spatial Water Management Under Alternative Institutional Arrangements. the International Conference on Policy Modeling -EcoMod2003-, 2003.07.03-2003.07.05, Istanbul, Turkey.

atagai, A. Four dimensional precipitation and latent heat release distribution with the Asian summer monsoon circulation: The relationship between the north and the south of the Plateau. International Union of Geophysics and Geodesy (IUGG), July 2003, Sapporo.

Yatagai, A., M. Sugita, N. Yamazaki and M. Oh'izumi A comparative study of the surface fluxes derived from 4DDA products (GAME reanalysis) with Asian Automatic Weather station Network (AAN) observations. International Union of Geophysics and Geodesy (IUGG), July 2003, Sapporo.

Saeki, K., M. Taniguchi, T. Tokunaga, J. Shimada Submarine groundwater discharge in Kurobe offshore, Japan. IAPSO/IUGG2003, June 2003, Sapporo, Japan.

Shimada, J., Watanabe, K., Taniguhci, M., Miyaoka, K., Onodera, S. Tidal fluctuation of the coastal groundwater seepage revealed by intensive electric resistivity survey. IAPSO/IUGG2003, June 2003, Sapporo, Japan.

Tokunaga, T., K. Mogi, M. Inoue, M. Toida, M. Masuda, K. Asai, Y. Matsui Geologically controlled distribution of submarine freshwater springs at Toyama bay, Japan. IAPSO/IUGG2003, June 2003, Sapporo, Japan.

Fujinawa, K. The Impact of future possible sea level rise on saltwater Intrusion in coastal aquifers and the effect of some protective measures for coastal environment. The Second International Conference on Saltwater Intrusion and Coastal Aquifers -Monitoring, Modeling and Management, 2003.03.30-2003.04.12, Merida, Yucatan,Mexico, March.

Yatagai, A., M. Sugita, N. Yamazaki and M. Oh'izumi A comparative study of the surface fluxes derived from meteorological four dimensional data assimilation products (GAME reanalysis) with Asian Automatic Weather Station Network (AAN) observations over the Tibetan Plateau. 1st international conference on Hydrology and Water Resources in Asia Pacific Region, March 2003, Kyoto.

Yatagai, A Characteristics of Orographical Precipitation over South Asia seen from TRMM/PR. 1st international conference on Hydrology and Water Resources in Asia Pacific Region, March 2003, Kyoto.

Watanabe, Tsugihiro Overview of Decentralization in Asian Countries and Links with Middle East-Mediterranean Experiences and Future Strategies. WWF3-Mediteranean Day, 2003, Kyoto.

Taniguchi, M., Gamo, M., Shimada, J., Tokunaga, T., Mahara, Y., Kinoshita, M. and Zhang, J. Submarine groundwater discharge into the Suruga Bay Japan. IAPSO/IUGG2003, 2003, Sapporo, Japan.

Nakagawa, H. Impacts of climate change on rice production and adaptive technologies. International Rice Research Conference Beijing, 2002.09.16-2002.09.18.

Umetsu, Chieko The Optimal Dynamic Model of Conjunctive Water Use. presented at the 2002 World Congress of Environmental and Resource Economists, Monterey, 2002.06.24-2002.06.27, California, U.S.A.

Taniguchi, M., T. Gamo, J. Shimada, T. Tokunaga, Y. Mahara, M. Kinoshita and J. Zhang Investigations of submarine groundwater discharge in the Suruga Bay, Japan. AGU fall meeting, 2002, San Francisco, USA.

Kitoh, A. MRI GCM projection of global and Asian water circulation in the 21st century. Seminar 2003.10.31, Dept. of Geological Eng, , Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

【Invited Lecture / Honorary Lecture / Panelist】

1) International Workshop a. Kyoto Workshop in the RIHN Pre-International Symposium, Kyoto. October 18-20, 2005 a. Participants: 37 (Japanese: 30, Turkish: 7) b. Invited lecture: 5, Research paper presentation: 14. Proceedings published. b. Kyoto Workshop, Japan. March 9-10, 2006 a. Participants: 26 (Japanese: 20, Turkish: 5, Israeli: 1) b. Research paper presentation: 20. Proceedings published. 2) Project Research Meeting Five times; May, June, September, December 2004, and March 2005 3) Sub-Group Research Meeting Many (properly)